Enodia anthedon

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Northern pearly-eye
Northern Pearly-eye, dorsal, Larose Forest.jpg
Dorsal view
Northern Pearly-eye, Megan McCarty111.jpg
Ventral view
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Enodia
Species: E. anthedon
Binomial name
Enodia anthedon
A. H. Clark, 1936[1]

Enodia anthedon, the northern pearly-eye, is a species of Satyrinae that occurs in North America,[2] where it is found from central Saskatchewan and eastern Nebraska east to Nova Scotia, south to central Alabama and Mississippi.[3]

Larva

The wingspan is 43–67 mm.[3][4] The upperside is brown with dark eyespots and the underside is brown. Adults feed on dung, fungi, carrion and sap from willows, poplars, and birches.

The larvae feed on various grasses, including Leersia virginica, Erianthus species, Muhlenbergia species, bearded shortgrass (Brachyelytrum erectum), Uniola latifolia, bottlebrush grass (Hystrix patula), and false melic grass (Schizachne purpurascens).[4] The host plants of a northern population include sedges (Carex species). [5]


The species overwinters in the larval stage.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Enodia anthedon anthedon
  • Enodia anthedon borealis Clark, 1936 (Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Maine)

Similar species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BMNA Species Detail Northern Pearly Eye". Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  2. ^ "Species Enodia anthedon - Northern Pearly-Eye - BugGuide.net". Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  3. ^ a b Enodia anthedon, Butterflies and Moths of North America
  4. ^ a b Northern Pearly-eye, Butterflies of Canada
  5. ^ Larval host plants of Enodia anthedon ... , The Taxonomic Report, Vol 7 No 6, 2014.