Enoshima Electric Railway

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Enoshima Electric Railway Co., Ltd.
Native name
江ノ島電鉄株式会社
Public
Industry Transportation (Tram, Transit bus)/Real estate
Founded December 25, 1900
Headquarters Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan
Number of employees
415 (2011)[1]
Website www.enoden.co.jp

The Enoshima Electric Railway or Enoden (江ノ島電鉄 Enoshima dentetsu?) is a private railway in Japan which connects Kamakura Station in Kamakura with Fujisawa Station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa. Stations en route include Hase, the stop closest to Kōtoku-in, the temple with the colossal outdoor statue of Amida Buddha. The railway is fully owned by the Odakyu Group of companies.

Route and operations[edit]

The route is 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) long and has a rail gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in). It is single-track; however, five of the route's fifteen stations are double-tracked, allowing for the operation of bidirectional traffic. Included in the route is a short (450 m) section of street running between Koshigoe and Enoshima stations. Trains are electrically powered from 600 V DC overhead lines. The section from Kamakura Station to Koshigoe is in the city of Kamakura; that from Enoshima to Fujisawa Station is in the city of Fujisawa.

Stations[edit]

Enoshima Station

Rolling stock[edit]

As of 1 April 2015, Enoden operates a fleet of 15 two-car electric multiple unit (EMU) train types as shown below.[2][3]

Type Car numbers Manufacturer Date built Notes
300 series 305 355 Toyoko Sharyo May 1960 Rebuilt from former Keio DeHa 2000.
1000 series 1001 1051 Tokyu Car November 1979
1002 1052 Tokyu Car November 1979
1100 series 1101 1151 Tokyu Car December 1981
1200 series 1201 1251 Tokyu Car December 1983
1500 series 1501 1551 Tokyu Car November 1979
1502 1552 Tokyu Car November 1979
2000 series 2001 2051 Tokyu Car March 1990
2002 2052 Tokyu Car March 1991
2003 2053 Tokyu Car July 1991
10 series 10 50 Tokyu Car March 1997
20 series 21 61 Tokyu Car March 2002 Used running gear from former 500 series.
22 62 Tokyu Car March 2003 Used running gear from former 500 series.
500 series 501 551 Tokyu Car March 2006
502 552 Tokyu Car March 2008

Former rolling stock[edit]

  • 500 series

Buses[edit]

Enoden operates buses from stations like Kamakura

Enoden also operates bus service in the area.

History[edit]

The original Enoshima Electric Railway opened the line on 1 September 1902.[4]

The company subsequently went through a series of ownership changes: Yokohama Electric Railway Co. in 1911, Tokyo Electric Power Co. in 1921, (second) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. in 1926, Tokyu Corporation in 1938, Enoshima Kamakura Tourist Co. in 1949, and Odakyu Electric Railway Co. in 1953. The (third) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. was formed on 1 September 1981 as a subsidiary of Odakyu.[4]

Popular culture[edit]

The Enoden features briefly but crucially in the 1963 Akira Kurosawa film High and Low.[citation needed]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.

  1. ^ "江ノ島電鉄株式会社:会社案内". Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ 私鉄車両編成表 2015 [Private Railway Rolling Stock Formations - 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 23 July 2015. p. 83. ISBN 978-4-330-58415-7. 
  3. ^ 路面電車年鑑2015 [Tramcar Annual 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Ikaros Publishing. 20 January 2015. p. 48. ISBN 978-4863209527. 
  4. ^ a b Terada, Hirokazu (19 January 2013). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 79. ISBN 978-4-7770-1336-4. 

External links[edit]