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Enpō (延宝) (contemporarily written as 延寳) is the Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Kanbun and before Tenna. This period spanned the years from September 1673 to September 1681.[1] The reigning emperor was Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇).[2]

Change of era[edit]

  • 1673 Enpō gannen (延宝元年): The new era of Enpō (meaning "Prolonged Wealth") was created to mark a number of disasters including a great fire in Kyōto. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kanbun 14, on the ninth day of the 13th month.

Events of the Enpō era[edit]

  • 1673 (Enpō 1): There was a great fire in Heian-kyō.[3]
  • 1673 (Enpō 1): The foundations for Mitsui financial success began with the opening of a dry good store in Edo.[4]
  • May 10, 1674 (Enpō 2, 5th day of the 4th month): Ingen Ryūki, founder of the Ōbaku sect of Japanese Zen Buddhism, died at Manpuku-ji, a Buddhist temple which Ingen had founded at Uji, near Heian-kyō.[3]
  • 1675 (Enpō 3): A devastating fire burned Heian-kyō.[3]
  • 1675 (Enpō 3): The Bonin Islands (Ogasawara Islands) are explored by shogunate expedition, following up "discovery" of the islands by the Japanese when a ship bound for Edo from Kyūshū is blown off course by a storm in Kanbun 10. The islands are claimed as a territory of Japan.[5]
  • April 7, 1680 (Enpō 8, 8th day of the 3rd month) : Tokugawa Ietsuna, the 4th shōgun of the Edo bakufu died; and his named successor, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, was ready to take his place as the 5th Tokugawa shōgun.[3]
Gravestone showing "延寳二甲寅年" (Enpō 2, 1674)


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2005). "Empo" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 176., p. 176., at Google Books
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 414–415.
  3. ^ a b c d Titsingh, p. 414.
  4. ^ Hall, John Whitney. (1970). Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times, p. 209.
  5. ^ Tanaka, Hiroyuki. (1993). "The Ogasawara Islands in Tokugawa Japan", Kaiji Shi Kenkyuu (Journal of the Maritime History).


  • Hall, John Whitney. (1970). Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times in Delacorte World History, Vol. XX. New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-297-00237-6
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779–1822. London: RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 978-0-203-09985-8; OCLC 65177072
  • Tanaka, Hiroyuki. (1993). "The Ogasawara Islands in Tokugawa Japan", Kaiji Shi Kenkyuu (Journal of the Maritime History). No. 50, June, 1993, Tokyo: The Japan Society of the History of Maritime.... Click link to digitized, full-text copy of this monograph (in English)
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Kanbun (寛文)
Era or nengō
Enpō (延宝)

Succeeded by
Tenna (天和)