Enquiry into the Cost of the National Health Service
The Enquiry into the Cost of the National Health Service, known popularly as the Guillebaud Report, was a 1956 report of the UK Parliament into the financial efficiency of the National Health Service. The chair of the independent Committee of Enquiry, and lead author of the report, was the Cambridge economist C. W. Guillebaud.
The enquiry was called by the Conservative government and announced on 1 April 1953 by the then Health Minister, Iain Macleod. The National Health Service (NHS) had been established in 1948 and, in its first few years, costs had risen faster than anticipated. The independent enquiry would examine the long-term issues of funding the Service. The terms of reference were to examine the present and prospective financial situation of the NHS, to recommend structural changes that would improve efficiency, and to advise and recommend how the Service could maintain quality without escalating expense. Guillebaud had been Macleod's tutor at Cambridge.
In addition to Guillebaud, the committee included:
- J. W. Cook, Professor of Chemistry at Glasgow University
- Anne Godwin, Assistant General Secretary of the Clerical and Administrative Workers' Union
- Sir John Maude, past Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Health
- Sir Geoffrey Vickers of the National Coal Board
For statistical background, the committee used a memorandum published by Cambridge University Press: "The Cost of the National Health Service in England and Wales" by Brian Abel-Smith and Richard Titmuss.
The published report found no extravagance or inefficiency beyond the inevitable imperfections of any organisation. It recommended no structural changes to the National Health Service. It found that the cost of the Service was not escalating as rapidly as had been feared, once inflation was taken into account. It called for more public funding for hospital modernisation, recommending £30 million pounds per year for seven years from 1958 onwards. It also recommended increased funding for community care.
The committee concluded that charges for dental treatment and for spectacles were undesirable. Citing the shortage of dentists, the report recommended keeping the dental charges but reducing the charges for spectacles as soon as resources allowed. The committee were divided about prescription charges that the Government had introduced in 1952. The report said that they "hindered the proper use of the Service by at least the great majority of its potential users" but still recommended that they be kept.
The committee rejected the idea that there was a natural limit to the demand on the NHS. Instead they argued that the "acceptable" level of performance would rise indefinitely: "The advance of medical science continually places new demands on the Service, and the standards expected by the public also continue to rise."
- Means, Robin; Smith, Randall (1998). From Poor Law to community care : the development of welfare services for elderly people 1939-1971 (2nd ed.). Bristol: Policy Press. p. 174. ISBN 9781861340856.
- Chester, T. E. (June 1956). "The Guillebaud Report". Public Administration. 34 (2): 199–210. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9299.1956.tb01489.x.
- Davies, Peter (2007). The NHS in the UK : a pocket guide 2007/08 (9th ed.). London: NHS Confederation. p. 206. ISBN 9781859471364.
- Kynaston, David (2009). Family Britain 1951-7. London: Bloomsbury. p. 253. ISBN 9780747583851.
- Rudolf Klein (2010). The New Politics of the NHS: From Creation to Reinvention. Radcliffe Publishing. pp. 25–26. ISBN 978-1-84619-409-2.
- "No Change In N.H.S." Times [London, England] 26 Jan. 1956: 8. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.
- "Budgeting for Health." Times [London, England] 26 Jan. 1956: 9. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.
- Extract from the report hosted by the Socialist Health Association