Enriched text

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Enriched text
Internet media type
Type of formatFormatted text format
StandardRFC 1896

Enriched text is a formatted text format for e-mail, defined by the IETF in RFC 1896 and associated with the text/enriched MIME type which is defined in RFC 1563. It is "intended to facilitate the wider interoperation of simple enriched text across a wide variety of hardware and software platforms". As of 2012, enriched text remained almost unknown in e-mail traffic, while HTML e-mail is widely used.[citation needed] Enriched text, or at least the subset of HTML that can be transformed into enriched text, is seen as preferable to full HTML for use with e-mail (mainly because of security considerations).[1][2]

A predecessor of this MIME type was called text/richtext in RFC 1341 and RFC 1521. Neither should be confused with Rich Text Format (MIME type text/rtf or application/rtf) which are unrelated specifications, devised by Microsoft.

A single newline in enriched text is treated as a space. Formatting commands are in the same style as SGML and HTML. They must be balanced and nested.

Enriched text is a supported format of Emacs,[3] Mutt,[4] Mulberry and Netscape Communicator.


Code Output
<bold>Hello, <italic>world!</italic></bold>
Hello, world!
<color><param>red</param>Blood</color> is <bold>thicker</bold> than

<paraindent><param>left</param><italic>-- Well-known proverb
Blood is thicker than water.
-- Well-known proverb


  1. ^ Why HTML is Inappropriate for E-Mail
  2. ^ "EFAIL". efail.de. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  3. ^ https://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/manual/html_node/emacs/Enriched-Text.html
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2013-02-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]