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Enrico Corradini

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Enrico Corradini
Personal details
Born(1865-07-20)20 July 1865
near Montelupo Fiorentino
Died10 December 1931(1931-12-10) (aged 66)
Political partyItalian Nationalist Association
National Fascist Party
OccupationNovelist, essayist, journalist, and nationalist political figure

Enrico Corradini (20 July 1865 – 10 December 1931) was an Italian novelist, essayist, journalist and nationalist political figure.[1][2]



Corradini was born near Montelupo Fiorentino, Tuscany.

A follower of Gabriele D'Annunzio, he founded the newspaper Il Regno (1903-1905), together with intellectuals Giovanni Papini, Vilfredo Pareto, and Giuseppe Prezzolini. It quickly became a staple for irredentist and radical thought that was to blend into Fascism. In 1910, the Italian Nationalist Association (Associazione Nazionalista Italiana, ANI) was founded with the participation of Corradini, who was among the leaders. It made a name for itself after giving full support to Italian imperialism and the Italo-Turkish War of 1911 - Corradini wrote two political essays on the matter (Il volere d'Italia - "Italy's Desire", and L'ora di Tripoli - "Tripoli's Moment"). He expanded such bellicose theories in the weekly L'Idea Nazionale, founded by him together with Alfredo Rocco and Luigi Federzoni. Corradini also published articles in La Lupa based in Florence between 1910 and 1911.[3]

L'Idea Nazionale was turned into a daily with financing from natural advocates of militarism - military men and weapon manufacturers. Corradini and his paper created a generic nationalist theory after adopting Populism and Corporatism[citation needed], while advocating Italy's entry into World War I - initially on the side of the Triple Alliance (the Central Powers, to which Italy had committed itself), then on that of the Triple Entente (the Allies - which promised to grant Italy all its territorial demands). The group also focused on a violent press campaign against Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti and other supporters of neutrality.

Corradini developed the concept of Proletarian Nationalism in 1919:

We must start by recognizing the fact that there are proletarian nations as well as proletarian classes; that is to say, there are nations whose living conditions are subject... to the way of life of other nations, just as classes are. Once this is realized, nationalism must insist firmly on this truth: Italy is, materially and morally, a proletarian nation." (Report to the First Nationalist Congress, Florence, 3 December 1919)

After the war, ANI was led by Corradini into a merger with the Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF). Nonetheless, Corradini made sure to detach himself from the more controversial actions of the Blackshirts, while being nominated by Benito Mussolini to the Italian Senate, and joining his government in 1928.

As a novelist, Corradini enjoyed success both as a novelist and a playwright. His early plays and novels had been D'Annunzian in manner and focused on existential concerns. In the new social climate of the Giolittian era, his creative writing took a strongly nationalist turn. His last two, and best-known, literary works, the novels La patria lontana ("The Distant Fatherland"; 1910) and La guerra lontana ("The Distant War"; 1911), are vehicles for a vitalist, anti-democratic and imperialist ideology.[4]

Corradini died in Rome on 10 December 1931.


  • Italian Nationalism (1914) -- Translated into English from Italian (Il nazionalismo italiano). Sunny Lou Publishing Company, ISBN 978-1-95539-242-6, 2023)
  • Julius Caesar: A Play in Five Acts (1929)
  • Le Vie dell'Oceano (1913)[5]


  1. ^ Cunsolo 1985, pp. 47–63.
  2. ^ Gregor 1999.
  3. ^ "La Lupa. Settimanale diretto da Paolo Orano". Fondazione Modigliani. Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  4. ^ Dickie 2002.
  5. ^ Rivista enciclopedica contemporanea, Editore Francesco Vallardi, Milan, (1913), entry by CA Blanche, page 222.

Further reading

  • Cunsolo, Ronald S. (1985). "Enrico Corradini and the Italian Version of Proletarian Nationalism". Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism. 12: 47–63.
  • Gregor, A. James (1999). Phoenix: Fascism in Our Time. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers. pp. 30–33. ISBN 1-56000-422-3.
  • Dickie, John (2002). "Corradini, Enrico". The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 21 June 2024.
  • Marsella, Mauro (2004). "Enrico Corradini's Italian Nationalism: The 'Right Wing' of the Fascist Synthesis". Journal of Political Ideologies. 9 (2): 203–224. doi:10.1080/13569310410001691217.
  • Pagano, Tullio (2004). "From Diaspora to Empire: Enrico Corradini's Nationalist Novels". MLN. 119 (1): 67–83. doi:10.1353/mln.2004.0066. JSTOR 3251723.
  • Sondel-Cedarmas, Joanna; Pietrzyk-Reeves, Dorota (2008). "Imperialism, war, and emigration in Enrico Corradini and the ideology of Italian Nationalism (1896-1912)". Politeja. 10 (1): 109–126. JSTOR 24919295.