Enrico Hillyer Giglioli

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Enrico Hillyer Giglioli

Enrico Hillyer Giglioli (June 13, 1845 – December 16, 1909) was an Italian zoologist and anthropologist.

Giglioli was born in London and first studied there. He obtained a degree in science at the University of Pisa in 1864 and started to teach zoology in Florence in 1869. Marine vertebrates, and invertebrates, were his academic interest but he was a noted amateur ornithologist and photographer.

Giglioli was director of the Royal Zoological Museum in Florence, Italy. He wrote up the zoology of the voyage of the corvette Magenta on which he had taken over from Filippo de Filippi. Professor De Filippi died in Hong Kong in 1867.He was also involved in the activities of the Florence School of Anthropology and through this developed an interest in ethnography.

Whale sightings[edit]

In 1870 he reported seeing a new species of whale (unofficially called Giglioli's Whale) 1,200 miles (1,900 km) off the coast of Chile – 60 feet (18 m) long with two dorsal fins – observed by Giglioli from Magenta, a warship of the Italian Royal Navy.[1] The Rorqual is the only similarly configured whale in the fossil record. A similar whale was seen a year later off the coast of Scotland. The two dorsal fins were said to be over six feet high, with a large pair of flippers. It was provisionally named Anphiptera Pacifica, and is an unrecognized species of, not having been confirmed by enough sightings to be recognized as a species.[citation needed] Magenta was. The voyage of the "Magenta" was sponsored by the Government of Italy in the 19th century.[2]

He also reported a stranding of a Cuvier's beaked whale in the Mediterranean Sea.[3] He also reported Killer Whales and Fin whales in the Mediterranean.[4][5]

Other work[edit]

Giglioli conducted a detailed study of the chimpanzee skulls which his friend Georg August Schweinfurth collected in the region of today's southern Sudan. He named the species Troglodytes schweinfurthii Species:Pan troglodytes.

After his death, Giglioli's collection, together with his extensive archaeological and ethnological library (from 1885 Giglioli concentrated on his ethnographic collection exchanging specimens with the Smithsonian Institution and fellow naturalists, notably Edward Pierson Ramsay), went to the Pigorini National Museum of Prehistory and Ethnography where they are now conserved. The photographic archive includes work by John K. Hillers, Timothy H. O'Sullivan and Charles Milton Bell photos as well as his own.


Partial list

  • I Tasmaniani. Cenni storici ed etnologici di un popolo estinto. Illustrated with 15 Original Albumen Photographs (the last of the aborigines). Milano: F. Treves.
  • Elenco dei Mammiferi, degli Uccelli e dei Rettili ittiofagi appartenenti alla Fauna italiana, e Catalogo degli Anfibie dei Pesci italiani in Catalogo Sezione italiana. Esposizione intern. di Pesca, Berlino, 1880 (11): 63–117. (also sep., Firenze, 1880: pp. 18–55). 1880.
  • Primo resoconto dei risultati della inchiesta ornitologica in Italia Comp. dal dottore Enrico Hillyer Giglioli Firenze. Coi tipi dei successori Le Monnier 1889-1891. [1] and (secondo)[2]
  • with Odoardo Beccari (1843–1920) and Francis Henry Hill Guillemard (1852–1933), Wanderings in the great forests of Borneo; travels and researches of a naturalist in Sarawak London: A. Constable & Co., Ltd.
  • Giglioli, E.H. 1882. New and very rare fish from the Mediterranean. Nature 25: 535.
  • Giglioli, E.H. 1882. New Deep-sea Fish from the Mediterranean. Nature, London 27 : 198-199.
  • Intorno a due nuovi pesci dal golfo di Napoli. Zool. Anz 6 (144). 397-400.
  • With A. Issel Esplorazione talassografica del Mediterraneo esguita sotto gli auspici del Governo italia no: 199-291, 5 fig. n.n., I map. 1884.
  • Note intorno agli animali vertebrati raccolti dal Conte Augusto Boutourline e dal D. Leopoldo Traversi ad Assab e nello Scioa negli anni 1884-87. Annali Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Genova (2) 6: 5-73. 1888.
  • On a supposed new genus and species of pelagic gadoid fishes from the Mediterranean. Proc. Zool. Soc. London (Pt. 3): 328-332. 1889.
  • Apunti intorno ad una Collezione Etnografica fatta durante il terzo viaggio di Cook e conservata sin dalla fine del secolo scorso nel R. Museo di Fisica e Storia Naturale di Firenze. Firenze. 1893-95.




  1. ^ Matthew A. Bille, Rumors of Existence: Newly Discovered, Supposedly Extinct, and Unconfirmed Inhabitants of the Animal Kingdom, Hancock House, 1995, p. 158.
  2. ^ Raynal, Michel; Rubis, Tour (1991). "Cetaceans with two dorsal fins" (PDF). Aquatic Mammals (17.1): 31–36. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  3. ^ Podesta, Michela; D’Amico, Angela; Pavan, Gianni; Drougas, Aimilia; Komnenou, Anastasia; Portunato¥, Nicola (2006). "A review of Cuvier's beaked whale strandings in the Mediterranean Sea" (PDF). Journal of Cetacean Resource Management. 7 (3): 251–261.
  4. ^ Notar, Giuseppe; di Sciara, Bartolo (October 1987). "Killer Whale ORCINUS ORCA, in the Mediterranean Sea". Marine Mammal Science. 3 (4): 356–360. doi:10.1111/j.1748-7692.1987.tb00324.x – via Wiley on line.
  5. ^ Notar, Giuseppe; di Sciara, Bartolo; Zanardelli, Margherita; Jahoda, Maddalena; Panigada, Simone; Airoldi, Sabina (27 May 2003). "The fin whale Balaenoptera physalus (L. 1758) in the Mediterranean Sea". Mammal Review. 33 (2 June 2003): 105–150. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2907.2003.00005.x – via Wiley on line.
  • Fedora Giordano, 1990 Italy's Contribution to Native American Studies European Review of Native American Studies 4:2
  • Maurice Boubier (1925). L’Évolution de l’ornithologie. Librairie Félix Alcan (Paris), coll. Nouvelle collection scientifique : ii + 308 p.
  • Barbara Mearns & Richard Mearns (1998). The Bird Collectors. Academic Press (Londres) : xvii + 472 p.

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