Entada rheedii

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Entada rheedii
Entada rheedii04.jpg
Mature pod in Mozambique
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Entada
Species: E. rheedii
Binomial name
Entada rheedii
Spreng.[1]
Synonyms

Adenanthera gogo Blanco
Entada gogo (Blanco) I.M.Johnst.
Entada monostachya DC.
Entada pursaetha DC.
Entada pusaetha DC. [Spelling var.]
Entada rheedei Spreng. [Sp. variant]
Entada rheedii subsp. rheedii Entada scheffleri Ridl.
Mimosa entada L.[2]

Entada rheedii, commonly known as the African dream herb or snuff box sea bean, and as the cacoon vine in Jamaica, is a large woody liana or climber. Their seeds have a thick and durable seed coat which allows them to survive lengthy periods of immersion in seawater.

Naming[edit]

Though the legitimate name was first published as E. rheedii, it is often written as Entada rheedei, honouring Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede tot Draakestein (1637–1691).[3]

Subspecies[edit]

The following subspecies have been used:[4]

  • E. r. rheedii
  • E. r. sinohimalensis (Grierson & D.G.Long) Panigrahi

Traditional use[edit]

The species is employed in African traditional medicine to induce vivid dreams, enabling communication with the spirit world. The inner meat of the seed would be either consumed directly, or the meat would be chopped, dried, mixed with other herbs like tobacco and smoked just before sleep to induce the desired dreams.[5]

The plant is also used as a topical ointment against jaundice, toothache, ulcers and to treat muscular-skeletal problems.[6] The seeds are sought after as pieces of jewelry and as good-luck charms.

The 1889 book The Useful Native Plants of Australia records that Entada Scandens has the common names included "Queensland Bean". Indigenous Australians of the Cleveland Bay area referred to the plant as "Barbaddah" and that "These large beans are ... put into the stone oven and heated in the same way and for the same time as those of Avicennia tomentosa (q.v.); they are then pounded fine and put into a dilly-bag, and left for ten or twelve hours in water, when they are fit for use." (Murrell's testimony). The natives of India also eat them after roasting and soaking in water."[7]

Distribution[edit]

Its seeds are found on east and southern African beaches, having grown on river and estuary banks and in swamp forest. As a result of its ready dispersal by sea, Entada rheedii is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical countries, but strangely not the Americas. These include: Africa: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal), Togo, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe;

Australasia: Australia (Queensland), Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Entada rheedei". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  2. ^ http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/ild-32599 The Plant List
  3. ^ The International Plant Names Index (2004). Entada rheedei. Accessed 5 September 2007.
  4. ^ Roskov Y.; Kunze T.; Orrell T.; Abucay L.; Paglinawan L.; Culham A.; Bailly N.; Kirk P.; Bourgoin T.; Baillargeon G.; Decock W.; De Wever A. (2014). Didžiulis V., ed. "Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2014 Annual Checklist". Species 2000: Reading, UK. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Entada rheedii - African Dream Herb", www.entheology.org
  6. ^ "Indigenous use and bio-efficacy of medicinal plants in the Rasuwa District, Central Nepal". J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 6: 3. 2010. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-6-3. PMC 2823594Freely accessible. PMID 20102631. 
  7. ^ J. H. Maiden (1889). The useful native plants of Australia : Including Tasmania. Turner and Henderson, Sydney. 

Gallery[edit]