|Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)|
A tram rolls past Entally Market
|Parliamentary constituency||Kolkata Uttar|
|• MLA||Swarnakamal Saha (TMC)|
|Elevation||36 ft (11 m)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Area code(s)||+91 33|
Entally (Bengali: এন্টালী) (also spelt Entali) is a neighbourhood in central Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in the Indian state of West Bengal. It has a police station and is an assembly constituency. Once it was considered close to the area which was home to the poor and the depressed castes.Mother Teresa started her activities in Entally.
Entally is a distortion of the original name of the area - Hintalee.The hintal is a type of date palm that grows only on tidal land.
Entally was one of the thirty-eight villages bought by the British East India Company in 1717 and reconstituted as Pancahannagram (fifty-five villages or mouzas). Entally, Pagladanga, Nimakposta, Kamardanga, Gobra and Tangra constituted Dihi Entally. Oriya palanquin-bearers, poor Christians, Muslims, Chinese and other depressed communities such as Dalits, lived in the area. Upper caste Hindus avoided living in the area because of the municipal slaughter house, and Chinese-owned tanneries and piggeries(near Tangra which is close to Entally). However upper-class European resided in the Entally post office (originally known as Intally Post Office) neighbourhood. Rich Hindu milk businessmen occupied an area near the Entally market and forbade low caste to come near their locality (Gopelane, Panbagan Lane).
H. E. A. Cotton describes Entally in the twentieth century as “an area extensively intersected with numerous roads and lanes. It contains a large number of European residences, some of them fine buildings in extensive grounds.” In those days, the Municipal Railway ran along the side of Lower Circular Road (renamed Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Road) and the Lakes by way of Sealdah and conveyed several hundred tonnes of sweepings daily which were employed to raise a square mile of land, which had been bunded off from the lanes for the purpose. South of Entally was the Volunteer Rifle Range constructed in 1877.
In the nineteenth century many factories were set up in Entally because of the low cost of land. Many of them survive to this day.
Entally, Manicktala, Beliaghata, Ultadanga, Chitpur, Cossipore, parts of Beniapukur, Ballyganj, Watganj and Ekbalpur, and parts of Garden Reach and Tollygunj were added to Kolkata Municipal Corporation in 1888.
Entally Market was previously known as "Enayat Ali Market". The spelling became 'Enat_ali', then 'Entali' or 'Entally Market'.
Entally is spread over parts of Ward Nos. 54, 55 and 56 of Kolkata Municipal Corporation, partly under Entally police station and partly under Beniapukur police station. It is bounded by Sealdah and Beliaghata in the north, Tangra in the east, Beniapukur in the south and Taltala in the west.
Entally market is one of the old markets in Kolkata. Shops sell readymade garments, vegetables, groceries, textiles, margarine, fish and fruits.
Loreto Entally was founded as an orphanage in 1845 but it is no longer an orphanage in the strict sense, although orphans continue to be looked after. Day scholars outnumber the boarders but the latter continue to be the nucleus of the school. Loreto Kilkenny has been twinned with Loreto Entally.
Mother Teresa arrived in Kolkata in 1928. While teaching in Loreto Convent at Entally, the slums beyond the school compound engaged her more and more. In 1948, when she secured permission to work fully with the poor and the sick, she established a home in an obscure house in Entally, with a nurse's training and a meager Rs. 5 in her pocket. Her activities spread out subsequently to other areas of Kolkata.
The Sri Sri Radha Mohan Jew temple house is situated in Panbagan Lane in Entally. Many cultural events and seasonal festivals are held here. It is considered to be first establishment in Calcutta to perform daily worship and bhajan of Satya Sai Baba.
Lay Disciple of Sri Ramakrishna, Debendra Nath Majumdar, established Sri Ramakrishna Archanalaya at 39,Deb Lane,Entally in 1902.Devendra Nath started regular worship of Sri Ramakrishna there.He composed lots of devotional songs while spreading the spiritual practice and teaching of his Master Sri Ramakrishna in the locality until his demise in 1911.People often sings the beautiful hymn of eight stanzas 'Bhava-Sagara'...and ending with 'Gurudeva daya-kara dina jane' but very few people know the composer Mahatma Debendra Nath Majumdar,Lay disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Deb.Hearing this song Swami Brahmananda(first president of Ramakrishna Math & Mission) commented, "Debendra composed that song while absorbed in a high plane of consciousness, beyond the reach of ordinary people." Archanalaya celebrated 100 years in 2002 and renovated the old temple with beautiful full sized seated statue of Sri Ramakrishna there, inaugarated by Swami Gahanananda,Vice president of Ramakhrishna Mission that time.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Entally.|
- "Entally Police Station". Kolkata Police. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- Nair, P. Thankappan in The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, pp. 15-18, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.
- Mother Teresa, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. II, p. 81
- Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, p. 223, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
- Bagchi, Amiya Kumar, Wealth and Work in Calcutta, 1860-1921, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, p. 213.
- Detail Maps of 141 Wards of Kolkata, D.R.Publication and Sales Concern, 66 College Street, Kolkata – 700073
- "Entally Market". india9.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- "Loreto Kilkenny twinned with Loreto Entally, India". 1977. loretokk.com. Archived from the original on 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- [Sri Sri Radha Mohan Jew]
- Swami Brahmananda
Kolkata/South travel guide from Wikivoyage