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Entandrophragma is a genus of eleven species of deciduous trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae, restricted to tropical Africa. At least some of the species attain large sizes, reaching 40–50 m tall, exceptionally 60 m, and 2 m in trunk diameter. The leaves are pinnate, with 5-9 pairs of leaflets, each leaflet 8–10 cm long with an acuminate tip. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with five yellowish petals about 2 mm long, and ten stamens. The fruit is a five-valved capsule containing numerous winged seeds. In 2016 a specimen of Entandrophragma excelsum towering more than 80 m was identified at Kilimanjaro.
- Entandrophragma angolense (Welw.) C.DC.
- Entandrophragma bussei Harms ex Engl.
- Entandrophragma candollei Harms
- Entandrophragma caudatum (Sprague) Sprague
- Entandrophragma congoense (De Wild.) A.Chev.
- Entandrophragma cylindricum (Sprague) Sprague
- Entandrophragma delevoyi De Wild.
- Entandrophragma excelsum (Dawe & Sprague) Sprague
- Entandrophragma palustre Staner
- Entandrophragma pierrei A.Chev.
- Entandrophragma spicatum (C.DC.) Sprague
- Entandrophragma utile (Dawe & Sprague) Sprague
The timber of a few species is well known. These are traded under separate names and can be used more or less like mahogany, with that of Entandrophragma cylindricum perhaps closest to a mahogany-type wood. The wood has a density of 660 kg per cubic meter.
- Utile. Niche Timbers. Accessed 20-09-2009.
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- Tiama Entandrophragma angolense
- Kosipo Entandrophragma candollei
- Sapeli Entandrophragma cylindricum
- Sipo (Utile) Entandrophragma utile