Entandrophragma

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Entandrophragma
Sapele Tree Congo Brazzaville.jpg
Sapele Tree
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Subfamily: Cedreloideae
Genus: Entandrophragma
C. DC.
Species

See text.

Entandrophragma candollei - MHNT

Entandrophragma is a genus of twelve known species of deciduous trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae, restricted to tropical Africa.[1][2] At least some of the species attain large sizes, reaching 40–50 m tall, exceptionally 60 m, and 2 m in trunk diameter. The leaves are pinnate, with 5-9 pairs of leaflets, each leaflet 8–10 cm long with an acuminate tip. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with five yellowish petals about 2 mm long, and ten stamens. The fruit is a five-valved capsule containing numerous winged seeds. In 2016 a specimen of Entandrophragma excelsum towering more than 80 m was identified at Kilimanjaro.[3]

Species[edit]

Uses[edit]

The timber of a few species is well known. These are traded under separate names and can be used more or less like mahogany, with that of Entandrophragma cylindricum perhaps closest to a mahogany-type wood. The wood has a density of 660 kg per cubic meter.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Klaus Kubitzki (10 December 2010). Flowering Plants. Eudicots: Sapindales, Cucurbitales, Myrtaceae. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 194–. ISBN 978-3-642-14397-7. 
  2. ^ Entandrophragma C. DC. in Bull. Herb. Boissier 2:582 t.21 (1894)
  3. ^ https://www.newscientist.com/article/2114073-africas-tallest-tree-measuring-81m-found-on-mount-kilimanjaro
  4. ^ Utile. Niche Timbers. Accessed 20-09-2009.

External links[edit]

Tiama Entandrophragma angolense
Kosipo Entandrophragma candollei
Sapeli Entandrophragma cylindricum
Sipo (Utile) Entandrophragma utile