S&P 500 Component
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
|Leo Denault, Chairman and CEO|
|Services||Electricity (and natural gas in New Orleans and Baton Rouge)|
|Revenue||US$10.113 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended 2020)|
|US$1.769 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended 2020)|
|US$1.406 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended 2020)|
|Total assets||US$58.239 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended 2020)|
|Total equity||US$10.961 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended 2020)|
Number of employees
|13,504  (2017)|
Entergy Corporation is a Fortune 500 integrated energy company engaged primarily in electric power production and retail distribution operations in the Deep South of the United States. Entergy is headquartered in New Orleans, Louisiana, and generates and distributes electric power to 2.9 million customers in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas. Entergy has annual revenues of $11 billion and employs more than 13,000 people.
Entergy traces its history to November 13, 1913, with the formation of Arkansas Power Company. Founder Harvey C. Couch used sawdust from a lumber company to bring electricity to rural Arkansas. In the 1920s, Couch set his sights on buying electric companies in other states. In 1923, he merged four independent companies in Mississippi into Mississippi Power and Light. Two years later, he formed Louisiana Power and Light to provide power to his Mississippi customers from northern Louisiana's natural gas fields.
Meanwhile, in 1922, the Electric Bond and Share Company (EBASCO, a subsidiary of General Electric) under Sidney Z. Mitchell merged several competing streetcar and electric utilities into New Orleans Public Service. Mitchell began turning his attention to other territories, and eventually began competing with Couch. The two men ultimately decided to merge their resources. In 1925, Electric Power and Light Corporation was formed, an EBASCO subsidiary headquartered in New Orleans, with Couch as its president. It was the parent company for Mississippi Power and Light, Louisiana Power and Light, New Orleans Public Service, and Arkansas Power and Light.
EBASCO fought the constitutionality of the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, losing a Supreme Court case in 1938, and was ordered dissolved under the provisions of that act in 1949. Mississippi Power and Light, Louisiana Power and Light, New Orleans Public Service and Arkansas Power and Light were deemed to be an integrated system, and were reorganized under the control of a new holding company, Middle South Utilities. It changed its name to Entergy in 1989, and merged/bought Gulf States Utilities, based in Beaumont, Texas, as of 12:00 midnight, January 1, 1994.
In the late 1990s, Entergy pursued a strategy of global expansion into unregulated markets, acquiring substantial facilities in Australia, Argentina, and the United Kingdom. Shareholder dissatisfaction with the results of this strategy led to a shakeup of management, culminating with the ouster of longtime CEO Ed Lupberger in 1998. Lupberger was replaced by Wayne Leonard, formerly of Cinergy, who supervised the company's disinvestment from overseas holdings.
Since its inception, Entergy has been headquartered in New Orleans. That city had also been home to Entergy's various corporate predecessors since 1925. After Hurricane Katrina hit the city of New Orleans in August 2005, Entergy temporarily relocated the 1,500 employees and contractors who worked at the headquarters to other cities, including Clinton, Mississippi, Little Rock, Arkansas, and The Woodlands, Texas. In April 2006, the company began moving back into its New Orleans headquarters.
Paul Hinnenkamp was named Chief Operating Officer and senior vice president in November 2015. He replaced Mark Savoff, who announced his retirement a few months earlier.
In 2011, Entergy and Coulomb Technologies, an electric vehicle charging station maker, began to donate free electric vehicle charging stations at 16 sites at college campuses in the southern U.S. Its first installation was at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, and is free to use for faculty and students.
- Entergy Arkansas (formerly Arkansas Power and Light Company (AP&L))
- Entergy Louisiana (formerly Louisiana Power and Light Company (LP&L))
- Entergy Gulf States Louisiana (formerly the Louisiana operations of Gulf States Utilities (GSU)) was merged into Entergy Louisiana in 2015.
- Entergy New Orleans (formerly New Orleans Public Service, Inc. (NOPSI))
- Entergy Nuclear
- Entergy Mississippi (formerly Mississippi Power and Light Company (MP&L))
- Entergy Texas (formerly the Texas operations of Gulf States Utilities (GSU))
Former subsidiary company logos
Prior to the use of the current Entergy logo (shown in the summary box at the upper right of this page), each subsidiary had its own distinctive logo. Upon the renaming of the company from Middle South Utilities System to Entergy, the present logo was adopted.
Louisiana Power and Light Company, for example (today's Entergy Louisiana) used the logo shown at right extensively from about 1967 to 1989, on buildings equipment, and advertising. Each of Middle South Utilities' subsidiaries used similar-styled logos.
Entergy's service territory includes the southeast corner of Louisiana and the cities of Lafayette and Baton Rouge, the eastern three-fourths of Arkansas and the western half of Mississippi. It also includes part of southeastern Texas, including the Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Conroe-Woodlands-Kingwood areas.
A member of the Fortune 500, Entergy owns and operates power plants with approximately 30,000 megawatts of electric generating capacity, and it is the second-largest nuclear generator in the United States after Exelon Corporation.[verification needed] It had annual revenues of more than $11 billion in 2010 and approximately 15,000 employees.[verification needed]
Entergy's main operating segments consist of the U.S. utility segment and the non-utility nuclear segment. The U.S. utility segment provides retail electricity services to approximately 2.9 million customers in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas. The non-utility nuclear segment owns and operates a total of six nuclear units, and provides support services to one:
- Michigan – Palisades Nuclear Generating Station (scheduled to permanently close in spring of 2022)
- Arkansas – Arkansas Nuclear One Units 1 and 2
- Louisiana – River Bend Nuclear Generating Station and Waterford Nuclear Generating Station
- Mississippi – Grand Gulf Nuclear Generating Station
- Nebraska – support services for the Cooper Nuclear Station through 2014, extended until January 2029
Entergy operates more than 40 plants using natural gas, nuclear, coal, oil and hydroelectric power with approximately 30,000 megawatts of electric generating capacity to serve its 2.9 million customers in the Gulf South. Its extensive transmission system carries approximately 30,000 megawatts of power across more than 15,700 miles (25,300 km) of interconnected lines within a 114,000-square-mile (300,000 km2) area.
Entergy is the only U.S. utility to make the Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI) nine years in a row. The DJSI is a listing of the companies whose overall environmental, social and economic sustainability performance scores were in the top 10 percent for their sector. Entergy was named in 2008 to Forbes list of America's Most Trustworthy Companies, a ranking based on corporate governance practices and accounting transparency.
On February 24, 2010, the Vermont Senate voted to prevent the Vermont Public Service Board from issuing the necessary certificate that would allow for the Vermont Yankee plant  to have its license renewed for another 20 years. The vote will not affect current operation of the plant, and the issue could be revisited by the legislature in either a special session later in 2010 or in its next regular session in 2011.
Entergy Texas operates as a wholly owned subsidiary. This was done to prepare the Texas side for de-regulation under Texas law but later Entergy notified the Texas PUC it would not be splitting the Texas side off as a de-regulated operation (to do so would cost billions). So the Texas side has remained connected to the rest of the Entergy network, though it has its own CEO and until 2012, was based where the former Gulf States Utilities was, in Beaumont, Texas. Entergy Texas has moved to The Woodlands, which is now larger population-wise than the Beaumont area.
New Orleans gas plant astroturf scandal
In May 2018, Entergy New Orleans was embroiled in a scandal surrounding its controversial proposal for a natural gas power plant in East New Orleans. An Entergy subcontractor used Crowds on Demand to artificially lobby council support for the gas plant. The New Orleans City Council ended up fining Entergy New Orleans $5 million for this paid actors scandal.
- Arkansas Power and Light Building, now known as the Entergy Building
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- "Entergy to Continue Operating Palisades Power Plant Until Spring 2022". palisadespower.com. Palisades Power/Entergy. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
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- "Dow Jones Corporate Sustainability". Archived from the original on 2008-08-20. Retrieved 2008-07-07.
- "Entergy - 2018 Integrated Report". www.entergy.com. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- Ray, John J. "Full List: The Most Trustworthy Large-Cap Companies". forbes.com. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- "VY Decommissioning". www.safecleanreliable.com. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
- "City Council approves construction of controversial Entergy plant in New Orleans East". WGNO. 8 March 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Evans, Beau. "New Orleans City Council could subpoena Entergy for info on paid actors". NOLA.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Times-Picayune, Kevin Litten, NOLA com | The. "City Council votes to fine Entergy $5 million for paid actors scandal". NOLA.com. Retrieved 2020-10-11.