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The condition induced by the absoption of large volumes of toxins, produced by Clostridum perfringens, from the intestines is known as Enterotoxemia.[1] There are several strains of C.perfringens (Type B, Type C & Type D) that may lead to the development of this gastrointestinal condition.[2]

Lamb Dysentery[edit]

A form of Enterotoxemia caused by an infection of Type B C. perfringens, affecting lambs whom are less than 3 weeks old. Lambs often die before displaying clinical signs, nonetheless common behaviours of lambs with this condition include, cessation of nursing, lethargy, and recumbency. Diarrhea is typical as well, death usually occurs within a few days.[3]

Calf Enterotoxemia[edit]

A form of Enterotoxemia caused by Type B or Type C C.perfringens. Calves less than 1 month of old are affected. The symptoms include, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, convulsions, and opisthotonos. Death may occur within a few days but recovery from this form is possible.[3]

Overeating Disease or Pulpy Kidney[edit]

A form of Enterotoxemia caused by Type D C. perfringens that occurs in Sheep and Goats.[4] When an animal is exposed to a rapid increase in dietary carbohydrates, the bacteria begin to proliferate causing a significant rise in the concentration of toxins.[5] Clinical signs include, anorexia, abdominal pain, and liquid diarrhea (scours) that may contain blood.[4]



  1. ^ Alabama Cooperative Extension System. 2007. Enterotoxemia (Overeating Disease) in Sheep and Goats. Retrieved from http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/U/UNP-0089/UNP-0089.pdf
  2. ^ Uzal, F. A.; Vidal, J. E.; McClane, B. A.; Gurjar, A. A. (2010-01-01). "Clostridium Perfringens Toxins Involved in Mammalian Veterinary Diseases". The open toxinology journal. 2: 24–42. ISSN 1875-4147. PMC 3917546Freely accessible. PMID 24511335. 
  3. ^ a b "Enterotoxemias - Generalized Conditions - Veterinary Manual". Veterinary Manual. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  4. ^ a b "News : Enterotoxemia in Sheep and Goats | The College of Veterinary Medicine at UGA". vet.uga.edu. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  5. ^ "..::VET'S CORNER//Clostridium Perfringens in Domestic Farm Animals::..". www.colorado-serum.com. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 

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