Enterprise, Oregon

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Enterprise, Oregon
City
Aerial view of Enterprise
Aerial view of Enterprise
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°25′27″N 117°16′37″W / 45.42417°N 117.27694°W / 45.42417; -117.27694Coordinates: 45°25′27″N 117°16′37″W / 45.42417°N 117.27694°W / 45.42417; -117.27694
Country United States
State Oregon
County Wallowa
Incorporated 1889
Government
 • Mayor Steve Lear
Area[1]
 • Total 1.53 sq mi (3.96 km2)
 • Land 1.53 sq mi (3.96 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,757 ft (1,145 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,940
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,888
 • Density 1,268.0/sq mi (489.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97828
Area code(s) 458 and 541
FIPS code 41-23500[2]
GNIS feature ID 1141885[4]
Website www.enterpriseoregon.org

Enterprise is a city in and the county seat of Wallowa County, Oregon, United States.[5] The population was 1,895 at the 2000 census, and 1,940 in the 2010 census.[6]

History[edit]

Enterprise, c.1912
Near Enterprise, Oregon

Enterprise was platted in 1886,[7] and in 1887 residents considered Bennett Flat, Wallowa City, Franklin, and other possibilities before voting for Enterprise during a community meeting in a tent owned by a mercantile company.[8] The name was meant to reflect "the policy of its inhabitants".[9] In November 1887, a post office was established in the community, and Catherine Akin became the first postmaster.[8] The city was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 21, 1889.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.53 square miles (3.96 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 242
1900 396 63.6%
1910 1,242 213.6%
1920 1,895 52.6%
1930 1,379 −27.2%
1940 1,709 23.9%
1950 1,718 0.5%
1960 1,932 12.5%
1970 1,680 −13.0%
1980 2,003 19.2%
1990 1,905 −4.9%
2000 1,895 −0.5%
2010 1,940 2.4%
Est. 2014 1,886 [11] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,940 people, 871 households, and 522 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,268.0 inhabitants per square mile (489.6/km2). There were 965 housing units at an average density of 630.7 per square mile (243.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 0.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.[2]

There were 871 households of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 46 years. 21.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.5% were from 45 to 64; and 21.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,895 people, 821 households, and 522 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,289.7 people per square mile (497.7/km²). There were 952 housing units at an average density of 647.9 per square mile (250.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.46% White, 0.05% African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.06% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population.[2]

There were 821 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.80.[2]

In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.[2]

The median income for a household in the city was $31,429, and the median income for a family was $39,338. Males had a median income of $29,688 versus $22,232 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,755. About 6.7% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.[2]

Climate[edit]

Enterprise has a humid continental climate (Köppen Climate Classification Dfb), one of the less common climate types in Oregon.

On June 11, 1968, an F2 tornado hit Wallowa County, north of Enterprise. The tornado cut a path between 8 mi (13 km) and 10 miles (16 km) long, and between 0.5 miles (0.8 km) and 2 miles (3 km) wide. About 1,800 acres (728 ha) of prime timber were destroyed, with an estimated loss of between 5 and 50 million dollars.[13]

Climate data for Enterprise
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 60
(16)
66
(19)
73
(23)
83
(28)
89
(32)
92
(33)
95
(35)
96
(36)
91
(33)
85
(29)
68
(20)
60
(16)
96
(36)
Average high °F (°C) 33.9
(1.1)
40.0
(4.4)
47.3
(8.5)
56.7
(13.7)
65.5
(18.6)
72.3
(22.4)
82.9
(28.3)
82.1
(27.8)
73.3
(22.9)
61.2
(16.2)
45.3
(7.4)
36.5
(2.5)
58.08
(14.48)
Daily mean °F (°C) 23.9
(−4.5)
29.3
(−1.5)
35.2
(1.8)
42.8
(6)
50.2
(10.1)
56.1
(13.4)
62.9
(17.2)
61.3
(16.3)
54.2
(12.3)
45.2
(7.3)
33.8
(1)
27.0
(−2.8)
43.49
(6.38)
Average low °F (°C) 13.9
(−10.1)
18.6
(−7.4)
23.0
(−5)
28.9
(−1.7)
34.8
(1.6)
39.9
(4.4)
42.8
(6)
40.4
(4.7)
35.1
(1.7)
29.1
(−1.6)
22.3
(−5.4)
17.5
(−8.1)
28.86
(−1.74)
Record low °F (°C) −18
(−28)
−33
(−36)
−10
(−23)
3
(−16)
16
(−9)
22
(−6)
28
(−2)
23
(−5)
13
(−11)
3
(−16)
−16
(−27)
−32
(−36)
−33
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) .91
(23.1)
.70
(17.8)
.99
(25.1)
1.17
(29.7)
1.66
(42.2)
2.08
(52.8)
0.69
(17.5)
0.78
(19.8)
1.01
(25.7)
1.08
(27.4)
1.00
(25.4)
1.02
(25.9)
13.10
(332.7)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.9
(27.7)
7.5
(19.1)
7.0
(17.8)
2.2
(5.6)
0.4
(1)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(2)
4.7
(11.9)
7.9
(20.1)
41.6
(105.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11 10 13 14 13 11 7 6 6 8 14 11 124
Source: WRCC,[14] Weatherbase [15]

Economy[edit]

Enterprise, which is the county seat, has numerous privately owned and operated restaurants including Lear's Main Street Pub, The Range Rider Cafe, Heavenly's, The Red Rooster, Cloud Nine Bakery and Cafe, Happy Garden (Chinese Food), and Thai Enterprise. It has only one chain store of any kind, the local Subway Sandwich shop and is proud of it's lack of chain stores. It is also the home of Terminal Gravity Brewery and Pub, which distributes statewide.[16] The Wallowa Memorial Hospital is a primary employer, employing about 152 individuals.

Many cattlemen and farmers live in the Enterprise area including representatives of the Oregon Cattleman's Association, the Wallowa County Stockgrowers, and other groups. Livestock continues to be the largest sector of Wallowa County’s agricultural economy, which is vastly dominated by cattle. There are currently over 24,000 mother cows that are in the permanent herds with an additional 8,000 cattle from other areas grazing for the summer. There is nearly 5,000 head of sheep that summer in the county. These operations produce over $17.9 million of farm gate sales. The crops portion of agriculture is much more diversified with nearly 9,000 acres of wheat, 4,200 acres of barley, with nearly 29,000 acres of hay (alfalfa, grass, and grain) grown. If you add to that the incidental “tree farm” income, crops in Wallowa County produce over $25 million. The total agricultural farm gate sales for Wallowa County was $43,519,000 in 2007.[17] Enterprise has several commercial greenhouses that sell nursery stock and numerous individuals within the local community also grow vegetables in private greenhouses. The organization of private growers into a brokerage is an ongoing project and several private growers feature their wares at the Enterprise Farmers Market every Thursday throughout the summer.

Two bronze foundaries, Parks Bronze and TW Bronze, are situated in Enterprise and numerous artists, craftsmen and musicians call Enterprise home.

Education[edit]

Enterprise with the Wallowa Mountains in the distance

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ PSU:Population Research Center
  7. ^ Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon. Oregon Historical Society. p. 29. ISBN 0-87595-073-6. 
  8. ^ a b McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 333. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 120. 
  10. ^ Leeds, W. H. (1899). "Special Laws". The State of Oregon General and Special Laws and Joint Resolutions and Memorials Enacted and Adopted by the Twentieth Regular Session of the Legislative Assembly (Salem, Oregon: State Printer): 858. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ Miller, George R. "Oregon Tornadoes: More Fact Than Fiction". George R. Miller. Retrieved February 2014. 
  14. ^ "Monthly Normals for Enterprise". NOAA. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  15. ^ "Enterprise, Oregon". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  16. ^ Terminal Gravity Brewing - About. Retrieved September 2009.
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ Melton, Kimberly (October 11, 2010). "Oregon native, Willamette University grad Dale Mortensen wins Nobel Prize in economics". The Oregonian. Retrieved August 14, 2011. 

External links[edit]