|Studio album by Gang of Four|
|Released||25 September 1979|
|Studio||The Workhouse, Old Kent Road, London|
|Label||EMI, Warner Bros. Records|
|Producer||Andy Gill, Jon King and Rob Warr|
|Gang of Four chronology|
Entertainment! is the debut album by English post-punk band Gang of Four, released in September 1979. This album was released on EMI in the UK and on Warner Bros. in the US. Stylistically, the album draws on punk but also incorporates the influence of funk, dance music, reggae and dub. Its lyrics and artwork reflected the band's left-wing political concerns. It would be an influential release in the burgeoning post-punk movement.
The album was ranked at No. 5 among the top "Albums of the Year" for 1979 by NME. In 2003, the album was ranked number 490 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. In March 2005, Q magazine placed the track "At Home He's a Tourist" at number 52 in its list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Tracks. As of 2009, Entertainment! has sold more than 100,000 copies in the UK. In 2004, Pitchfork listed Entertainment! as eighth best album of the 1970s.
The album's artwork was designed by band members Jon King and Andy Gill. The cover, designed by King, shows the influence of the Situationist International, a group which became famous during the Paris '68 student-led revolution in France. The cover depicts an "Indian" shaking hands with a "cowboy" in three heavily processed versions of the same image, based on a still from one of the Winnetou films starring Lex Barker and Pierre Brice, which had once been popular in communist East Germany as critical narratives of capitalism. The faces are reduced to blobs of red and white — that is, to the stereotypical racial colours. A text that winds around the images reads, "The Indian smiles, he thinks that the cowboy is his friend. The cowboy smiles, he is glad the Indian is fooled. Now he can exploit him." In this way, it approaches themes of exploitation, but taken with the lyrical content of the album, it may also point to simplistic depictions of ethnic, social or political conflict in the media as "cowboys and Indians".
The album's back cover depicts a family whose father says, "I spend most of our money on myself so that I can stay fat", while the mother and children declare, "We're grateful for his leftovers". On the album's inner sleeve, small photographs depicting scenes shown on television are interlaced with text illustrating what the band suggests are the misleading subtexts of media presentation: "The facts are presented neutrally so that the public can make up its own mind"; "Men act heroically to defend their country"; "People are given what they want".
Jon King was the lyricist for 8 of the 12 tracks: "Natural's Not In It", "Not Great Men", "Return The Gift", "Guns Before Butter", "I Found That Essence Rare", "Glass", "Contract", and "At Home He's A Tourist". King authored lyrics for main sections of "Damaged Goods", with Andy Gill writing the middle eight. King & Gill co-authored lyrics to the call and response narrative of "Ether", "5.45", and "Anthrax', the last having a double set of lyrics which run in parallel. The album was co-produced by King & Gill along with Rob Warr, their band manager at the time. It was heavily influenced by Situationism, feminism, and the effect of alienation on personal life; a unifying notion is that "the personal is political". Topics include commodification ("Natural's Not in It", "Return The Gift"), proletarian life ("At Home He's a Tourist"), Great Man theory ("Not Great Men"), Special Category Status prisoners in Northern Ireland ("Ether"), and the impact of media reporting of acts of terrorism and Maoist guerrilla warfare in Latin America ("5.45"). A number of songs apply these themes to challenge traditional concepts of love and love songs ("Anthrax", "Contract") and sex ("Damaged Goods", "I Found That Essence Rare"). In his 2014 monograph on the album, Kevin J. H. Dettmar likens the album to James Joyce's Ulysses, saying; "both are concerned with the importance of narrative, of storytelling, as a mode of experiencing the world...that the stories we tell ourselves about "the way things are" — a body of stories that in another context we might call ideology — profoundly shape our experiences of the world.
|Christgau's Record Guide||A|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Spin Alternative Record Guide||10/10|
"At Home He's a Tourist" reached number 58 in the UK Singles Chart, the highest position of any Gang of Four song. The band were originally asked to perform the song on Top of the Pops. However, when the show's producers heard the line "And the rubbers you hide in your top left pocket" they asked the group to change the word rubbers to rubbish for fear of causing offence; the four band members refused and the appearance was cancelled.
Kurt Cobain listed it in his top fifty albums of all time. The album has attracted praise from rock musicians. Flea of the Red Hot Chili Peppers stated that the first time he heard the record, "It completely changed the way I looked at rock music and sent me on my trip as a bass player."
In Autumn 2010, Microsoft used the song "Natural's Not in It" in sports-focused advertisements for the Kinect, its motion-based control system for the Xbox 360 video game system. "Natural's Not in It" was also used during the title sequence of the 2006 film Marie Antoinette. In 2009, King wrote a track by track commentary on the album for Clash. Hugo Burnham's memories of making the album were published in 2014 on the 35th anniversary of the release of the album 
"Anthrax" was used in Jonathan Demme's 2004 remake of The Manchurian Candidate and in Richard Lowenstein's 1986 movie Dogs in Space which featured Michael Hutchence in the lead role. Hutchence cited Gang of Four as a major influence on INXS.
- "Ether" – 3:52
- "Natural's Not in It" – 3:09
- "Not Great Men" – 3:08
- "Damaged Goods" – 3:29
- "Return the Gift" – 3:08
- "Guns Before Butter" – 3:49
- "I Found That Essence Rare" – 3:09
- "Glass" – 2:32
- "Contract" – 2:42
- "At Home He's a Tourist" – 3:33
- "5.45" – 3:48
- "Anthrax" – 4:23
1995 bonus tracks
EMI Records CD issue (mastered by Andy Gill & John King) includes the following singles:
- "Outside the Trains Don't Run on Time" – 3:27
- "He'd Send in the Army" – 3:40
- "It's Her Factory" – 3:08
- "Armalite Rifle" – 2:48
2005 bonus tracks
In addition to the Yellow EP, the Rhino release adds four previously unissued tracks:
- "Guns Before Butter (alternate version)" – 4:25
- "Contract (alternate version)" – 2:48
- "Blood Free" (live at The Electric Ballroom, London) – 3:17
- "Sweet Jane" (live at the American Indian Center) (Lou Reed) – 3:20
- Gang of Four
- Hugo Burnham – drums, vocals
- Dave Allen – bass guitar, vocals
- Andy Gill – guitar, vocals, art design
- Jon King – vocals, melodica, art design
- Rik Walton - engineer
- Davy Phee, Edwin Cross - tape operators
|UK Albums Chart||45|
|1979||"At Home He's a Tourist"/"It's Her Factory"||UK Singles Chart||58|
|1980||"Damaged Goods"/"I Found That Essence Rare"||U. S. Billboard Club Play Singles||39|
- "Albums and Tracks of the Year". NME. 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- Andy Gill (18 September 2009). "Andy Gill meets Andy Gill". The Independent. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
- Pitchfork staff (23 June 2004). "Staff Lists: Top 100 Albums of the 1970s". Pitchfork. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- Liner notes
- Kellman, Andy. "Entertainment! – Gang of Four". AllMusic. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Power, Tony. "Gang of Four: Entertainment!". Blender. Archived from the original on 23 November 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Christgau, Robert (1990). "Gang of Four: Entertainment!". Christgau's Record Guide: The '80s. Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-679-73015-X. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
- Flaherty, Michael (3 February 1995). "The latest in reissues". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- Harvell, Jess (11 May 2005). "Gang of Four: Entertainment!". Pitchfork. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- "Gang of Four: Entertainment!". Q (190): 138. May 2002.
- Walters, Barry (19 May 2005). "Entertainment!". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Considine, J. D. (2004). "Gang of Four". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian. The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. pp. 321–22. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Weisbard & Marks 1995, p. 163.
- Mark Pothier (3 March 2004). "His Gang days are behind him". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
- Dave Simpson (7 January 2005). "Jerky, punky, funky". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
- "Top 50 by Nirvana [MIXTAPE]". Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- Cross, Gaar, Gendron, Martens, Yarm (2013). Nirvana: The Complete Illustrated History. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-7603-4521-4.
- Liner notes to Infinite Zero Archive/American Recordings reissue, 1995
- "Gang of Four Track By Track". Clash. 10 September 2009. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- " Gang of Four's Entertainment!"
- "The Official Charts Company – Entertainment by Gang of Four Search". The Official Charts Company. 6 May 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Full Official Chart History". The Official Charts Company. 6 May 2013. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010.
- Weisbard, Eric; Marks, Craig (1995). Spin Alternative Record Guide. Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75574-8.