Entre Douro e Minho (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈẽtɾ(ɨ) ˈdo(w)ɾu i ˈmiɲu]) is one of the historical provinces of Portugal which encompassed the country's northern Atlantic seaboard between the Douro and Minho rivers. Contemporaries often referred to the province as simply "Minho". It was one of six provinces Portugal was commonly divided into from the early modern period until 1936, although these provinces were not recognized as official units of government.
History and geography
Since the then separated municipalities of Gaia and Vila Nova were integrated in the administration of Porto city between 1383 and 1518, we can see some old maps showing areas south of the Douro River belonging to the old Entre-Douro-e-Minho territory, while other old maps make the province exactly match the current Viana do Castelo District, Braga District and Porto District.
Nevertheless, if the name Entre-Douro-e-Minho ("Between-Douro-and-Minho") was strictly taken in account, the latter definition would make sense.
On the other hand, Douro Litoral corresponded to nowadays' Porto District plus four municipalities of Aveiro District, and two of Viseu District to the then new Douro Litoral Province. Douro Litoral chieftaincy was attributed to the city of Porto.
Being seen as a trace of Estado Novo policies, the territorial definitions of 1936, though having innocuous and non-political characters, were erased in 1976 soon after the Carnation Revolution. Nevertheless, people still use the designations of 1936 on a daily basis because they more or less accurately correspond to the historical identity of the locals e.g.: "Minhotos", "Durienses", "Beirões", "Ribatejanos", etc., and many books and maps still show them.
Cities before 1936
- Porto (Immemorial city)
- Braga (Immemorial city)
- Penafiel (city since 1770)
- Viana do Castelo (1848)
- Guimarães (1853)
- Barcelos (1928)
- "Regions of Portugal". Statoids.
- "Entre Minho e Douro". 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.
- Entre Douro e Minho from the Portuguese-language Wikipedia. Retrieved January 11, 2006.
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