Entsagen, WAB 14

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Entsagen
by Anton Bruckner
Jurij Tavčar - Brezmadežna.jpg
Virgin Mary by Jurij Tavčar
Key B-flat major
Catalogue WAB 14
Form Cantata
Text Oskar van Retwitz
Language German
Composed c. 1851 (c. 1851): St. Florian Abbey
Dedication Michael Arneth
Vocal SATB choir or quartet – ST soloist
Instrumental Organ or piano

The cantata Entsagen (Renunciation), WAB 14, is a cantata composed by Anton Bruckner in c. 1851.

History[edit]

Bruckner composed the cantata for the name-day of prior Michael Arneth, the prior of the St. Florian Abbey. The piece was intended to be performed on Arneth's name-day. It is not known when it was performed.[1]

Why Bruckner has chosen this unsound text for the name-day of his Maecenas remains unexplained. Perhaps he has put so into music his resignation following his father's death or Aloisia Bogner's refusal of his proposal of marriage.[2][3]

The manuscript is stored in the archive of the St. Florian Abbey. A facsimile of the cantata was first issued in band II/2, pp. 47-58 of the Göllerich/Auer biography. The cantata was thereafter issued by Ludwig Daxsperger in 1956.[1] It is put in Band XXII/1 No. 2 of the Gesamtausgabe.[4]

Text[edit]

The work is based on the poem Amaranth by Oskar von Redwitz.

O Maria!
Du Jungfrau mild und hehr!
Du zogst mich, mutterlos,
Zu deines Sohnes Ehr',
Die treu'ste Mutter groß!
Lehr' mich auch nun ertragen
Den Willen meines Herrn,
Gehorsam im Entsagen,
Du des Gehorsams Stern!
Spiegel der Demut, Maria!

O Maria!
Du Quell der heil'gen Lieb'!
Nimm meine Lieb' mir ab,
Und der so treu sie gieb,
Die schon den Ring ihm gab!
Nichts Andres mir gewähre,
Als dass er glücklich sei!
Lass mir nur diese Zähre
Und steh' mir tröstend bei,
Mutter der Liebe, Maria!

O Maria!
Du starker Himmelsschild!
O deck' ihn immerdar,
Im lauten Schlachtgefild,
In heimlicher Gefahr!
Ich will nicht sein begehren,
Doch ewig segn' ich ihn;
Mit deinen Engelheeren
O woll' sein Haupt umziehn,
Mächtige Herrin, Maria![5]

O Mary!
Noble and clement virgin!
You raised me, the motherless,
To the glory of your Son,
You most faithful Mother!
Teach me also to bear now
The will of my Lord,
Obedient in renunciation,
You, star of obedience!
Mirror of humility, Mary!

O Mary!
You source of holy love!
Take my love off me
And give it so faithfully to her
who already gave him the ring!
Nothing else grat me
Than that he be happy.
Just leave me this tear
And comfort me,
Mother of love, Mary!

O Mary!
Strong shield of Heaven!
O protect him for ever,
On the noisy battlefield,
In secret danger!
I do not want to desire him,
However I bless him for ever.
With your armies of angels
O surround his head,
Powerful Lady, Mary!

Setting[edit]

The 126-bar long work in B-flat major is scored for SATB choir or quartet, soprano or tenor soloist, and organ (or piano).[1]

The cantata is a ‘spiritual song’ in three sections,[6] in ABA' form:[3]

  1. Choir: O Maria! Du Jungfrau mild und hehr!, bittend und mit Andacht
  2. Aria: O Maria! Du Quell der heil'gen Lieb'!, langsam, betend - soprano or tenor soloist
  3. Choir: O Maria! Du starker Himmelsschild!, bittend und mit Andacht

The outer sections are in the form of Protestant chorale,[6] with in bars 16-19 (Die treu'ste Mutter groß!) and 110-113 (In heimlicher Gefahr!) a direct quotation from "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden".[3] The expressive middle section, a solo for soprano or tenor in F major, is with large intervals and strong modulation. The contrapuntal accompaniment by the organ (or piano) has some reminiscences of the baroque opera.[3]

Discography[edit]

There is no commercial recording of Entsagen as yet.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c C. van Zwol, pp. 711-712
  2. ^ The 16-year old Aloisia Bogner, alias Louise or Luise Bogner, was the older daughter of Michaël Bogner, by whom Bruckner had a living accommodation. Bruckner composed for her the lieder Der Mondabend and Frühlingslied, and the piano works Four Lancier-Quadrille, WAB 120, and Steiermärker, WAB 122.
  3. ^ a b c d U. Harten, p. 145
  4. ^ Gesamtausgabe – Kantaten und Chorwerke mit Orchester
  5. ^ Oskar von Redwitz, Amaranth (29. Auflage), Franz Kirchheim, Mainz, 1874, pp. 112-113
  6. ^ a b C. Howie, Chapter II, pp. 22

Sources[edit]

  • August Göllerich, Anton Bruckner. Ein Lebens- und Schaffens-Bild, c. 1922 – posthumous edited by Max Auer by G. Bosse, Regensburg, 1932
  • Uwe Harten, Anton Bruckner. Ein Handbuch. Residenz Verlag, Salzburg, 1996. ISBN 3-7017-1030-9
  • Anton Bruckner – Sämtliche Werke, Band XXII/1: Kantaten und Chorwerke I (1845–1855), Musikwissenschaftlicher Verlag der Internationalen Bruckner-Gesellschaft, Franz Burkhart, Rudolf H. Führer and Leopold Nowak (Editor), Vienna, 1987
  • Cornelis van Zwol, Anton Bruckner 1824–1896 – Leven en werken, uitg. Thoth, Bussum, Netherlands, 2012. ISBN 978-90-6868-590-9
  • Crawford Howie, Anton Bruckner - A documentary biography, online revised edition

External links[edit]