Envelope journalism

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Envelope journalism (also envelopmental journalism,[1] red envelope journalism,[2] white envelope journalism,[2] Ch'ongi,[2] wartawan amplop[3]) is a colloquial term for the practice of bribing corrupt journalists for favorable media coverage.

The term seems to be most commonly used in Asiathe Philippines,[1] China,[2] Korea,[2] India and Indonesia.[3]

The term arose from the envelopes used to hold cash bribes, given ostensibly as tokens of appreciation for attending a press conference.[1]

More recently, the term ATM journalism has arisen, to indicate the change to electronic transfer of bribes to journalists' bank accounts.[1]