Environmental issues in Ethiopia

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As in many neighboring countries, most environmental issues in Ethiopia relate to deforestation and endangered species.

Geological issues[edit]

The Main Ethiopian Rift is geologically active and susceptible to earthquakes. Hot springs and active volcanoes are found in its extreme east close to the Red Sea. Elsewhere, the land is subject to erosion, overgrazing, deforestation, and frequent droughts. Water shortages are common in some areas during the dry season. The causes of degradation are primarily the demand for more land for agriculture, fuel and construction as well as for grazing grounds.

Endangered animals[edit]

Ethiopian wolf[edit]

The Ethiopian wolf is one of the rarest and most endangered of all canid species. The numerous names given to this species reflect previous uncertainties about its taxonomic position. However, the Ethiopian wolf is now thought to be related to the wolves of the genus Canis, rather thasold for about US $175 each to taxidermists who then retail the stuffed lions for US $400. "For the time being our immediate solution is to send them to the taxidermists, but the final and best solution is to extend the zoo into a wider area," Muhedin said.[1]

The director of the wildlife division of Ethiopia's Ministry of Agriculture said he had no idea the lions were being culled.[citation needed]



  1. ^ Amber Henshaw, "Rare zoo lion cubs poisoned", BBC News website, originally published 22 November 2006 (accessed 8 January 2010)
  • Haileselassie, A. (2004) “Ethiopia’s struggle over land reform,” World Press Review 51.4, 32(2). Expanded Academic ASAP.
  • Hillstrom, K. & Hillstrom, C. (2003). Africa and the Middle east; a continental Overview of Environmental Issues. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.
  • Maddox, G.H. (2006). Sub-Saharan Africa: An environmental history. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
  • McCann.J.C.(1990). "A Great Agrarian cycle? Productivity in Highland Ethiopia, 1900 - 1987," Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 20:3, pp. 389–416. (Retrieved November 18, 2006 from JSTOR database)
  • McCann, J.C. (1999). Green land, Brown land, Black land: An environmental history of Africa 1800-1990. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.
  • Mongabay.com "Ethiopia statistics." (Retrieved November 18, 2006)
  • Parry, J (2003). "Tree choppers become tree planters," Appropriate Technology, 30(4), 38-39. Retrieved November 22, 2006, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 538367341)
  • Parry, K (2003) "Perceptions of forest cover and tree planting and ownership in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia” unasylva, vol 54 Iss: 213 (2003), pp. 18(2).
  • Sucoff, E. (2003). "Deforestation", Environmental Encyclopedia, at pp.358–359. Detroit: Gale.
  • Williams, M. (2006). Deforesting the earth: From prehistory to global crisis: An Abridgment. Chicago: University Press.

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.