Environmental statistics is the application of statistical methods to environmental science. It covers procedures for dealing with questions concerning both the natural environment in its undisturbed state and the interaction of humanity with the environment. Thus weather, climate, air and water quality are included, as are studies of plant and animal populations.
Environmental statistics covers a number of types of study:
Baseline studies to document the present state of an environment to provide background in case of unknown changes in the future;
Targeted studies to describe the likely impact of changes being planned or of accidental occurrences;
Regular monitoring to attempt to detect changes in the environment.