Enyo lugubris

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Mournful sphinx
Enyo lugubris sjh.JPG
Enyo lugubris, adult
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Sphingidae
Genus: Enyo
Species: E. lugubris
Binomial name
Enyo lugubris
(Linnaeus, 1771)[1]
Synonyms
  • Sphinx lugubris Linnaeus, 1771
  • Sphinx fegeus Cramer, 1779
  • Epistor luctuosus Boisduval, 1875
  • Epistor lugubris delanoi Kernbach, 1962

Enyo lugubris, the mournful sphinx, is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is found from Argentina and Paraguay to Uruguay, Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil and the West Indies through Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama to Mexico and the United States, where it has been recorded from Arizona east to Florida and north to South Carolina. Strays have been recorded from Arkansas, north to Illinois, Michigan and New York.

The wingspan is 50–60 mm. The body and wings are dark brown. The forewing has a large black patch covering most of the outer half of the wing. There is a pale tan cell spot, and a fairly straight median line to the inside of the cell spot.[2]

Adults are on wing year round in the tropics (including southern Florida and Louisiana). Further north, they are on wing from August to November.

The larvae probably feed on Vitus tiliifolia and other Vitaceae species, such as Vitis, Cissus and Ampelopsis. In Florida larvae have been reported on Cissus sicyoides and Ampelopsis arborea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. Archived from the original on 2012-11-09. Retrieved 2011-10-19. 
  2. ^ "Silkmoths". Silkmoths.bizland.com. Archived from the original on 2015-05-09. Retrieved 2011-10-19. 

Subspecies[edit]

  • Enyo lugubris lugubris
  • Enyo lugubris delanoi (Kernbach, 1962) (Galapagos Islands)

External links[edit]