Enzo G. Castellari
Enzo G. Castellari
Enzo Girolami Castellari
29 July 1938
Rome, Kingdom of Italy
Enzo Girolami Castellari (born 29 July 1938) is an Italian director, screenwriter and actor.
Life and career
Castellari was born on 29 July 1938 in Rome into a family of filmmakers. His father was a boxer turned film maker Marino Girolami. His uncle is filmmaker Romolo Guerrieri and his brother was actor Ennio Girolami. He initially was a boxer like his father and went to school to get a degree in architecture.
Castellari began work on film assisting with various jobs on sets of his father's films. Among his early credits included uncredited roles in directing films such as Few Dollars for Django (1966) and A Ghentar si muore facile (1967). Many of Castellari's early works are Westerns. He received his official credited directorial debut with Renegade Riders (1967), a film shot in Spain and influenced by Sidney J. Furie's film The Appaloosa (1966). After releasing the Western Kill Them All and Come Back Alone (1968), Castellari did a war film titled Eagles Over London.
By the early 1970s, Castellari began exploring other genres as well such as the thriller Cold Eyes of Fear (1971), the comedy Hector the Mighty (1972), and the comedic swashbuckler The Loves and Times of Scaramouche (1976). He directed his first poliziotteschi film with High Crime starring Franco Nero. Nero and Castellari formed a relationship with the film and work together for seven features.
Castellari later noted his work with Nero, stating "I think that to have an actor like Franco Nero is one of the best things that can happen to a director...if it had been possible, I would have made all my films with him" Nero would work with Castellari on the Western Keoma which was only a mild success[clarification needed] in Italy on its release, but would later be praised as one of Castellari's best films. Castellari created further poliziotteschi films in the late 1970s as well as the war film The Inglorious Bastards. Castellari was offered to direct the film Zombi 2, but turned it down as he didn't feel he would be the right director for a horror film.
In the 1980s the popularity of the poliziotteschi faltered and Castellari's film Day of the Cobra with Franco Nero was not popular in the box office. Castellari followed it up with The Last Shark, a film about a small beach town terrorized by a bloodthirsty great white shark. The film was withdrawn from theaters after Universal Studios sued the production for being too similar to the film Jaws. Castellari next film 1990: The Bronx Warriors was a surprise hit that created a small wave of films from Italy inspired by the John Carpenter film Escape from New York. The mid-to-late 1980s work for Castellari was work made for foreign markets such as Light Blast (1985), Striker and Sinbad of the Seven Seas.
In the 1990s, Castellari's work was mostly dedicated to made-for-television productions. Castellari made a comeback film in 2010 with Caribbean Basterds, a film which received a theatrical release in Italy which was a rarity for locally made genre films at the time. Castellari cameoed as a German mortar squad commander in The Inglorious Bastards, and Quentin Tarantino cast Castellari in the cameo role of a German general in his film Inglourious Basterds (2009), which was inspired by Castellari's 1978 film.
In October 2014 Castellari was awarded at the Almería Western Film Festival.
|Renegade Riders||1966||Yes||Yes||Yes||Credited as E.G. Rowland|||
|Any Gun Can Play||1967||Yes||Yes|||
|One Dollar Too Many||1968||Yes|||
|Kill Them All and Come Back Alone||1968||Yes||Yes|||
|Eagles Over London||1969||Yes||Yes|||
|Cold Eyes of Fear||1970||Yes||Yes|||
|Hector the Mighty||1971||Yes||Yes|||
|Sting of the West||1972||Yes|||
|High Crime||1973||Yes||Yes||Role of a Reporter|||
|Cipolla Colt||1975||Yes||Role of the Mexican in the market|||
|The Loves and Times of Scaramouche||1975||Yes||Yes|||
|The Big Racket||1976||Yes||Yes||Role of the Cowardly Storekeeper|||
|The Heroin Busters||1977||Yes||Yes|||
|The Inglorious Bastards||1977||Yes||Role of a German Officer|||
|The House by the Edge of the Lake||1979||Yes|||
|The Shark Hunter||1979||Yes||Role of Il killer|||
|Day of the Cobra||1980||Yes||Role of Warehouse Thug|||
|The Last Shark||1980||Yes|||
|1990: The Bronx Warriors||1982||Yes||Yes||Role of the Vice President|||
|The New Barbarians||1982||Yes||Yes||Credited as Enzo Girolami|||
|Escape from the Bronx||1983||Yes||Yes||Role of the Radio Operato|||
|Tuareg – The Desert Warrior||1984||Yes||Yes||Role of a Prison Guard|||
|Jonathan of the Bears||1994||Yes||Yes|||
- Curti 2013, p. 289.
- Curti 2013, p. 290.
- Hughes, Howard (30 April 2011). Cinema Italiano: The Complete Guide from Classics to Cult. I.B.Tauris. p. 270. ISBN 9781848856073. OCLC 756484421.
- Curti 2013, p. 291.
- Vivarelli, Nick (19 May 2009). "Enzo and Tarantino: 'Basterds' brothers". Variety. Reed Business Information. Reed Elsevier Inc. Archived from the original on 29 August 2009. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
- Martínez, D. (4 September 2014). "El Almería Western Film homenajeará a Enzo G. Castellari y Giuliano Gemma". Diario de Almería. Joly Digital. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- "Films". Enzo G Castellari Official Website. Archived from the original on 13 August 2003. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- Curti, Roberto (23 August 2017). Italian Gothic Horror Films, 1970-1979. McFarland. p. 211. ISBN 1476629609.
- Curti, Roberto (2013). Italian Crime Filmography, 1968–1980. McFarland. ISBN 0786469765.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)