Eophrynus prestvicii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eophrynus prestvicii
Temporal range: 318.1–299 Ma
Late Carboniferous (Gzhelian age) [1]
Eophrynus prestvicii BU669.jpg
Fossil of Eophrynus prestvicii (BU 699, Lapworth Museum, University of Birmingham, UK), whitened with ammonium chloride to improve contrast. A. Dorsal view. B. Ventral view.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Trigonotarbida
Family: Eophrynidae
Genus: Eophrynus
Species: Eophrynus prestvicii
(Buckland, 1837)

Eophrynus prestvicii is an extinct species of arachnid belonging to the order Trigonotarbida.

Historical background[edit]

The first trigonotarbid was described in 1837 from the Coal Measures of Coalbrookdale in England by the famous English geologist Dean William Buckland.[2] He believed it to be a fossil beetle and named it Curculoides prestvicii. A much better preserved example was later discovered from Coseley near Dudley; also in the English West Midlands conurbation. Described in 1871 by Henry Woodward,[3] he correctly identified it as an arachnid and renamed it Eophrynus prestvicii – whereby the genus name comes from ἠώς (eos, meaning 'dawn'), and Phrynus, a genus of living whip spider (Amblypygi).

Description[edit]

Eophrynus prestvicii can reach a length of about 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in). These arachnids were similar to modern spiders, they but could not produce silk. Recent x-ray imaging revealed that Eophrynus prestvicii were covered by protective spikes on the back-half of its body. This creature had long legs enabling it to run and hunt on the forest floor.[4] Scientists at Imperial College London created a detailed 3D computer model of the arachnid from fossils.[5][6]

Distribution[edit]

This species is known from a handful of good quality fossils preserved inside siderite concrections. Fossils of this species have been found in the Carboniferous sediments of United Kingdom.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Paleobiology Database
  2. ^ William Buckland (1837). Treatise IV. Geology and mineralogy with reference to natural theology. The Bridgewater treatises on the power, wisdom and goodness of God as manifested in the creation. (2nd ed.). London: William Pickering. 
  3. ^ H. Woodward (1871). "On the discovery of a new and very perfect Arachnide from the ironstone of the Dudley Coal-field". Geological Magazine. 8 (9): 1–4. 
  4. ^ "X-rays bring extinct spiders back to life". Planet Earth online. 5 August 2009. Retrieved 2014-06-11. 
  5. ^ Science Daily
  6. ^ Russell Garwood, Jason A. Dunlop & Mark D. Sutton (2009). "High-fidelity X-ray micro-tomography reconstruction of siderite-hosted Carboniferous arachnids". Biology Letters. 5 (6): 841–844. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2009.0464. PMC 2828000Freely accessible. PMID 19656861.