Epacris

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Epacris
Epacris longiflora 04.jpg
Epacris longiflora
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Epacris
J.R.Forst.
Species

See text

Epacris is a genus of about forty species of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. It was formerly treated in a closely related but separate family Epacridaceae, but the various genera within Epacridaceae including Epacris have been revised in their relationships to each other and brought under the common umbrella of the Ericaceae. The genus Epacris is native to eastern and southeastern Australia (southeast Queensland south to Tasmania and west to southeast South Australia), New Caledonia and New Zealand. The species are known as heaths or Australian heaths.

Description[edit]

Plants in the genus Epacris are shrubs with simple leaves that are a similar colour on both surfaces and with flowers arranged singly in leaf axils near the ends of the branches, sometimes extending along the branches. Each flower is surrounded by many bracts and five, usually glabrous sepals. The petals are joined to produce a cylindrical or bell-like tube with five lobes on the end. There are five stamens which are mostly enclosed in the tube, and a single style which protrudes from the tube. The fruit is a capsule.[1]

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

The genus Epacris was first formally described in 1797 by Antonio José Cavanilles, who published the description in Icones et Descriptiones Plantarum.[2] Cavanilles did not specify a type species but in 1983 Edward Groesbeck Voss nominated Epacris longiflora as the lectotype. The genus name (Epacris) is derived from an Ancient Greek word meaning "pointed at the end".[3]

Distribution[edit]

Species of Epacris are found in all Australian states except the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Two species are found in New Zealand and one in New Caledonia.[4]

Species[edit]

The following is a list of species recognised by the Australian Plant Census as at September 2019:[5]

The National Herbarium of New South Wales also lists Epacris browniae,[6] Epacris muelleri[7] and Epacris rhombifolia[8] and the Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria accepts E. rhombifolia.[9]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Powell, Jocelyn M. "Epacris". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Epacris". APNI. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  3. ^ Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 303.
  4. ^ Albrecht, David E. "Epacris". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Epacris". APNI. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Epacris browniae". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Epacris muelleri". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Epacris rhombifolia". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Epacris rhombifolia". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 1 January 2018.