Epicrates (genus)

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Brazilian rainbow boa, E. c. cenchria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Subfamily: Boinae
Genus: Epicrates
Wagler, 1830
  • Epicrates Wagler, 1830
  • Chilabothrus
    A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844
  • Cliftia Gray, 1849
  • Epicarsius J.G. Fischer, 1856
  • Homalochilus J.G. Fischer, 1856
  • Piesigaster Seoane, 1881
  • Epicrates Boulenger, 1893
  • Boella
    H.M. Smith & Chiszar, 1992[1]
Common names: Greater Antillean boas, rainbow boas, West Indian boas.[2]

Epicrates is a genus of non-venomous boas found in South America, Central America and the West Indies. Ten species are currently recognized, including the rainbow boa.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Found in lower Central America through South America as far south as Argentina, as well as in the West Indies.[1]


Species[2] Taxon author[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name Geographic range[1]
E. argentum Reynolds, 2016 0

Conception Bank silver boa[3]

Conception Island Bank, Bahamas
E. angulifer
2012-02-Schlange vs. Fledermaus 01 anagoria.JPG
Bibron, 1840 0 Cuban boa[2] Cuba and adjacent islands, including Isla de la Juventud, the Archipiélago de los Canarreos (Cayo Cantiles), the Archipiélago de los Colorados off the northern coast of Pinar del Río, the Archipiélago de Sabana-Camagüey (Cayo Guajaba and Cayo Sant María). Also found in the Bahamas.
E. cenchriaT
Rainbow boa peruvian.jpg
(Linnaeus, 1758) 8 Rainbow boa[2] Lower Central America in Costa Rica and Panama. South America east of the Andes in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay and northern Argentina (in the provinces of Chaco, Córdoba, Corrientes, Formosa, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Tucumán).
E. chrysogaster
(Cope, 1871) 2 Turks & Caicos Island boa West Indies, including the Turks Islands (Grand Turk Island uncertain), the Caicos Islands (Middle Caicos, North Caicos, Big Ambergris Cay, Little Ambergris Cay and Long Cay) and likely other parts of the Turks and Caicos Islands. The Bahamas, including Acklins and Crooked Islands, Great Inagua Island and Sheep Cay.
E. exsul
Netting & Goin, 1944 0 Abaco Island boa The Bahamas: Grand Bahama Island and Great Abaco Island, including Elbow Cay and Little Abaco Island.
E. fordii (Günther, 1861) 2 Haitian ground boa Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) and adjacent islands, including Île de la Gonâve, Isla Saona and Isla Cabritos on Enriquillo lake.
E. gracilis (Fischer, 1888) 1 Haitian tree boa Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), north of the Cul de Sac. According to Sheplan & Schwart (1974), on the Valle de Neiba plain.
E. inornatus
Puerto Rican Boa (Epicrates inornatus).jpg
(Reinhardt, 1843) 0 Puerto Rican boa[2] Puerto Rico.
E. monensis
Mona Boa coiled with tongue extended.jpg
Zenneck, 1898 1 Mona boa[2] West Indies: Mona Island and Cayo Diablo near Puerto Rico. The U.S. and British Virgin Islands: St. Thomas, Tortola, Great Camanoe, Necker and Virgin Gorda.
E. striatus
Стройный удав Гродно.JPG
(Fischer, 1856) 7 Hispaniolan boa Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) and adjacent islands, including Île de la Tortue, Île à Vache and Saona Island in the Dominican Republic. The Bahamas: Andros Island, Berry Island (including Chub Cay and Great Harbour Cay), Booby Cay (near onception Island), Cat Island (including Alligator Cay). The Bimini Islands, including East Bimini Island, Easter Cay, North Bimini Island and South Bimini Island. Eleuthera and Long Island. The Exuma Cays, including Compass Cay and Great Exuma Island. New Providence Island, including Rose Island. Ragged Island, including Margaret Cay and Little Ragged Cay.
E. subflavus
Epicrates subflavus.jpg
Stejneger, 1901 0 Jamaican boa[2] Jamaica, including Goat Island.

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Epicrates". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  3. ^ "Silver Boa: Scientists Discover New Snake Species in Bahamas | Biology | Sci-News.com". Breaking Science News | Sci-News.com. Retrieved 2016-06-01. 

External links[edit]