Epidendrum nocturnum

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Epidendrum nocturnum
Epidendrum nocturnum.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Genus: Epidendrum
Subgenus: Epidendrum subg. Epidendrum
Section: Epidendrum sect. Planifolia
Subsection: Epidendrum subsect. Umbellata
E. nocturnum
Binomial name
Epidendrum nocturnum

Epidendrum nocturnum (the "nocturnal epidendrum") is the type species of the genus Epidendrum of the Orchidaceae (Orchid family). The species occurs in Florida, Bahamas, West Indies, Central America to northern Brazil and the Guyanas. Epidendrum nocturnum is common in South Florida.

It is usually autogamous (flowers self-pollinate) and sometimes cleistogamous (flowers self-pollinate before they open).

The haploid chromosome number of E. nocturnum has been determined as n = 20. The diploid chromosome number has been determined both as 2n = 40 and as 2n = 80.[1]

In 1984, the variety E. nocturnum var. guadeloupense was determined to have a diploid chromosome number of 2n = 42—48. On November 7, 2010, Kew did not recognize the existence of this variety in its World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.


  1. ^ Felix, Leonardo P.; Guerra, Marcelo (2010). "Variation in chromosome number and the basic number of subfamily Epidendroideae (Orchidaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 163 (2): 252. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2010.01059.x.
  • Reichenbach, H. G. (1861). "Orchides". In Müller, Karl. Walpers Annales Botanices Systematicae. 6. Berlin. p. 404.

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