The language has a partially reduced system, compared to proto-Edoid, of eight vowels; these form two harmonic sets, /i e a o u/ and /i ɛ a ɔ ʊ/.
Epie has only one clearly phonemic nasal stop, /m/; [n] alternates with [l], depending on whether the following vowel is oral or nasal. (The other approximants, /j ɣ w/, are also nasalized in this position: see Edo language for a similar situation.) The inventory is:
|Plosive||p b||t d||k ɡ||k͡p ɡ͡b|
|Fricative||f v||s z|
- Epie at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Epie". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Archangeli & Pulleyblank, 1994. Grounded phonology, p 181ff
- Jeff Mielke, 2008. The emergence of distinctive features, p 136ff;
also found in Variation and gradience in phonetics and phonology, p 26ff
- Thomas, Elaine and Kay Williamson. 1967. "Wordlists of delta Edo: Epie, Engenni, Degema." In Occasional Papers 8, p. 105. Accra: Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan.
|This Niger–Congo language-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Nigeria-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|