Epie language

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Epie
Native toNigeria
RegionBayelsa state
Native speakers
90,000 (2016)[1]
Niger–Congo
Language codes
ISO 639-3epi
Glottologepie1238[2]

Epie (or Epie-Atissa) is a language spoken in Nigeria by the Epie-Atissa people.

Phonology[edit]

The language has a partially reduced system, compared to proto-Edoid, of eight vowels; these form two harmonic sets, /i e a o u/ and /i ɛ a ɔ ʊ/.[3]

Epie has only one clearly phonemic nasal stop, /m/; [n] alternates with [l], depending on whether the following vowel is oral or nasal. (The other approximants, /j ɣ w/, are also nasalized in this position: see Edo language for a similar situation.) The inventory is:[4]

  Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Labio-velar
Nasal m      
Implosive   ɓ   ɗ
Plosive p  b t  d k  ɡ k͡p  ɡ͡b
Fricative f  v s  z  
Trill   (r)      
Approximant   l [n] j ɣ w

References[edit]

  1. ^ Epie at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Epie". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Archangeli & Pulleyblank, 1994. Grounded phonology, p 181ff
  4. ^ Jeff Mielke, 2008. The emergence of distinctive features, p 136ff;
    also found in Variation and gradience in phonetics and phonology, p 26ff

Further reading[edit]

  • Thomas, Elaine and Kay Williamson. 1967. "Wordlists of delta Edo: Epie, Engenni, Degema." In Occasional Papers 8, p. 105. Accra: Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan.