Chamaenerion fleischeri

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Chamaenerion fleischeri
Chamerion fleischeri04.jpg
Flowers of Chamaenerion fleischeri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Onagraceae
Genus: Chamaenerion
Species: C. fleischeri
Binomial name
Chamaenerion fleischeri
( Hochst.) Fritsch
Synonyms[1][2][3]

Chamaenerion fleischeri, formerly Epilobium fleischeri, commonly known as Alpine willowherb, is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the Onagraceae family.

Description[edit]

Close-up on a flower of Chamaenerion fleischeri

The biological form of Chamaenerion fleischeri is hemicryptophyte scapose,[4] as its overwintering buds are situated just below the soil surface and the floral axis is more or less erect with a few leaves. This plant reaches on average 10–40 centimetres (3.9–15.7 in) in height. The stem is erect and the leaves are usually glabrous and toothed.[4] This plant is quite similar to Chamaenerion dodonaei, but the last one can reach even a meter in height and has bristly leaves.[4]

Chamaenerion fleischeri has fragrant flowers with four pointed thin dark purple sepals and four bright pink ovate petals. Flowering occurs from late June to August.[4]

Distribution[edit]

This plant is endemic to the Alps, in France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and Austria.

Habitat[edit]

It grows in clusters on moraines, in glaciers, among piles of stones and in alluvial deposits. It prefers siliceous soils, at an altitude of 600–2,700 metres (2,000–8,900 ft) above sea level.[4]

Gallery[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ International Plant Names Index
  2. ^ Flore Alpes.com
  3. ^ Biolib
  4. ^ a b c d e Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia – Edagricole – 1982. Vol. II, pag. 155

External links[edit]