Epimedium grandiflorum

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Epimedium grandiflorum
Epimedium grandiflorum 1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Epimedium
Subgenus: Epimedium
Species: E. grandiflorum
Binomial name
Epimedium grandiflorum
C.Morren
Synonyms

Epimedium macranthum var. violaceum (C. Morren & Decne.) Franch.
Epimedium grandiflorum forma violaceum
Epimedium violaceum[1]

Epimedium grandiflorum var thunbergianum4.jpg

Epimedium grandiflorum (large flowered barrenwort, bishop's hat) is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to China, Japan and Korea.[1] It is known as dâm dương hoắc in Vietnamese.

Description[edit]

It is a deciduous perennial growing to 30 cm (12 in), with bright red stems with green heart-shaped leaves (copper-tinged when young) which are slightly hairy on the bottom. In spring it produces pink, white, yellow or purple long-spurred flowers.[2]

Cultivation[edit]

Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden use, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:

  • E. grandiflorum[3]
  • E. grandiflorum 'Nanum'[4]
  • E. grandiflorum 'Rose Queen'[5]
  • E. grandiflorum 'White Queen'[6]

Traditional Chinese medicine[edit]

E. grandiflorum may have anti-impotence properties due to the presence of icariin, a relatively weak inhibitor of PDE5 in comparison to substances like sildenafil (viagra). Western peer-reviewed research into the efficacy of E. grandiflorum as an aphrodisiac is lacking; however, the herb has been used for this purpose in traditional Chinese medicine and is a common ingredient of herbal remedies for impotence.[citation needed] It is commonly packed in a capsule with other ingredients or sold as herbal flakes or powder with the name "horny goat weed".[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Epimedium grandiflorum C. Morren". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-02-25. Retrieved 2010-05-25. 
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Epimedium grandiflorum". Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Epimedium grandiflorum 'Nanum'". Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Epimedium grandiflorum 'Rose Queen'". Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Epimedium grandiflorum 'White Queen'". Retrieved 18 June 2013. 

External links[edit]