Épinard

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"Épinard" is French for "spinach" and other plants, such as the Algarrobo of tropical America (Prosopis).
Épinard
Epinard (FR).jpg
Sire Badajoz
Grandsire Gost
Dam Épine Blanche
Damsire Rock Sand
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1920
Country France
Colour Chestnut
Breeder Pierre Wertheimer
Owner Pierre Wertheimer
Trainer H. Eugene Leigh
Record 20:12-6-0
Earnings £1,285 plus 376,975 fr[1]
Major wins
Prix Yacowlef (1922)
Prix des Coteaux (1922)
Grand Criterium (1922)
Prix de la Forêt (1922)
Critérium de Maisons-Laffitte (1922)
Prix d'Ispahan (1923)
Prix du Gros Chêne (1923)
Stewards' Cup (1923)
Awards
French Champion 2-Year-Old Male Horse (1922)
U.S. Champion Older Male Horse (1924)
Last updated on 28 September 2011

Épinard (1920–1942) was a French Thoroughbred racehorse which was given the French name for spinach. He is considered a racing legend by French racing authority France Galop.

He was a chestnut stallion sired by Badajoz from Epine Blanche by the British Triple Crown winner Rock Sand. Epine Blanche was conceived in the U.S.A. and foaled in France. She was out of an American mare named White Thorn by Nasturtium, who was a brilliant two-year-old. Epine Blanche was also the dam of the race winner Epinette III by Mont Bernina.[2] Épinard was inbred to the undefeated racehorse, St. Simon in the third and fourth generation (4m x 4f).[1]

Racing career[edit]

Owned and bred by one of France's leading horsemen, Pierre Wertheimer, Épinard made his racing debut at two by winning the Prix Yacowlef at the Deauville Racecourse. He dominated his age group in France, winning four important races and earning 1922 champion honours. As a three-year-old, he continued to win in France before being sent to compete in England. At the Goodwood Racecourse near Chichester, he won the 1923 Stewards' Cup, defeating a strong field including Pharos. After conceding a great deal of weight, he finished second by a neck to Verdict in the Cambridgeshire Handicap.

In October 1923, Epsom Derby winner Papyrus was sent to the United States to compete in a much- ballyhooed match race against Kentucky Derby winner Zev. After the American horse easily won, the following year the racing world began to talk about Épinard taking on America's best. Following negotiations with leading American horsemen August Belmont, Jr., James Shevlin, and Matt Winn, Wertheimer agreed to send Épinard to compete in a series of three American races billed as the International Special.

Épinard arrived at the port of New York on the Cunard Line's luxury liner, the RMS Berengaria. The races were to be held at Belmont Park and Aqueduct Racetrack in New York and at Latonia Race Track in Kentucky; it was the first time Épinard raced on a dirt track. He finished second in all three of the International Specials. Épinard's 1924 performances earned him U.S. Champion Older Male Horse honours, although he lost all four times he ran in America. The fourth race was his last career start, the Laurel Stakes, when he finished fifth to Special #1 winner Wise Counsellor.

Stud record[edit]

Retired to stand at stud after his four-year-old season, Épinard had limited success as a sire. In 1926, he was standing in the US, and two years later he returned to France. In 1930, he made another trip to America only to return to France in 1932.[3]

His progeny included Epithet (won Hopeful Stakes), Rentenmark (won Prix Ganay) and Rodosto, winner of 1933 French 2,000 Guineas and the English Classic, the 2,000 Guineas.[4] Épinard was reportedly commandeered during the German occupation of France, and was last seen as a cart horse before he died in 1942.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Birch, Franklin E., Pedigrees of Leading Winners 1912-1959, The Thoroughbred Breeders Assoc., London, 1960
  2. ^ Sale, G.C. & M.R. Ross (1956). Meres de Gagnets en France 1941 a 1955. London: The British Bloodstock Agency. p. 82. 
  3. ^ Leicester, Sir Charles (1974). Bloodstock Breeding. London: J.A. Allen & Co. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-85131-129-6. 
  4. ^ National Horseracing Museum (UK) Retrieved 2011-07-30.
  5. ^ Épinard's five-generation pedigree and race record Retrieved 2011-07-30.