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Temporal range: 55–0 Ma

Eocene to present[1]
Epinephelus guttatus - pone.0010676.g050.png
Epinephelus guttatus
Epinephelus tukula 2573.jpg
Epinephelus tukula
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Serranidae
Subfamily: Epinephelinae
Genus: Epinephelus
Bloch, 1793

Epinephelus is a genus of fishes in the family Serranidae found in Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans.


The 89 recognized species in this genus are:[2]


  1. ^ Sepkoski, J.J.Jr (2002): A Compendium of Fossil Marine Animal Genera. Archived July 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Bulletins of American Paleontology, 363: 1-560.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2016). Species of Epinephelus in FishBase. June 2016 version.
  3. ^ Johnson, J., & Worthington Wilmer, J. (2019): Epinephelus fuscomarginatus (Perciformes: Epinephelidae), a new species of grouper from off the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Zootaxa, 4674.3.
  4. ^ Golani, D., Askarov, G. & Dashevsky, Y. (2015): First record of the Red Sea spotted grouper, Epinephelus geoffroyi (Klunzinger, 1870) (Serranidae) in the Mediterranean. BioInvasions Records, 4 (2): 143–145.
  5. ^ Tucker, S.J., Kurniasih, E.M. & Craig, M.T. (2016): A New Species of Grouper (Epinephelus; Epinephelidae) from the Indo-Pacific. Copeia, 104 (3): 658-662.

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