Phantasmal poison frog

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Phantasmal poison frog
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dendrobatidae
Genus: Epipedobates
Species: E. tricolor
Binomial name
Epipedobates tricolor
(Boulenger, 1899)

Prostherapis tricolor Boulenger, 1899
Phyllobates tricolor (Boulenger, 1899)
Dendrobates tricolor (Boulenger, 1899)
Ameerega tricolor (Boulenger, 1899)
Colostethus paradoxus Rivero, 1991

The phantasmal poison frog or phantasmal poison-arrow frog (Epipedobates tricolor) is a species of poison dart frog. It is endemic to Ecuador and known from the Andean slopes of the central Ecuador in Bolívar Province.[2] They have radiant color. This species is endangered, and there are only a few locations in the wild where they are known to live.


The phantasmal poison frog has a snout-to-vent length of about 22.6 mm (0.9 in). It has a wide head and truncated snout and the skin is smooth. The first finger is longer than the second, and all the digits are partially webbed. The dorsal surface is usually green or yellow and there are longitudinal stripes.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The phantasmal poison frog is known only from a number of locations in central Ecuador on the Andean slopes of Bolívar Province at heights of between 319 and 1,769 m (1,047 and 5,804 ft) above sea level. Its natural habitat is the leaf litter on the floor of the tropical forest, especially near streams, and in wetlands.[1]


The species inhabits the Chocoan tropical and subtropical rainforest. Habitats include deforested areas as well as natural forests. They are found in banana and cacao plantations, and pastures near streams. The males carry the tadpoles to sites with running water. The frogs secrete epibatidine, a chemical of pharmacological interest.


The phantasmal poison frog is listed as "Endangered" by the IUCN. This is because of its limited range, estimated to be less than 5,000 square kilometres (1,900 sq mi) and the apparent decline in numbers of this species.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Luis A. Coloma (2004). "Epipedobates tricolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Epipedobates tricolor (Boulenger, 1899)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Coloma; et al. (2011). "Epipedobates tricolor". Anfibios de Ecuador. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 

External links[edit]