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ghost orchid
Epipogium aphyllum flowers.jpg
Epipogium aphyllum flowers
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Epipogieae
Subtribe: Epipogiinae
Genus: Epipogium
  • Ceratopsis Lindl.
  • Epipogon J. G. Gmel., spelling variation
  • Epipogion St.-Lag., spelling variation
  • Galera Blume
  • Podanthera Wight

Epipogium is a genus of terrestrial achlorophyllous myco-heterotrophic orchids. The genus is sympodial with no root. Leaves are scale-like. Flowers are non-resupinate, arranged in terminal racemes. Stigmas are 2-lobed and the rostellum is ventrally situated and not prominent.[2]


Three species are currently recognized as of June 2014:[1][3]

  • Epipogium aphyllum Swartz 1814 - widespread across much of Europe and northern Asia from Spain to Kamchatka and south to the Himalayas
  • Epipogium japonicum Makino 1904 - Japan (Honshu), Taiwan (Hengchun Peninsula), China (Sichuan).
  • Epipogium roseum (D.Don) Lindl. 1857 disjunct distribution: tropical Africa; also Indian Subcontinent, China, Japan, Southeast Asia (Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines etc.), New Guinea, Australia and some islands of the western Pacific


External links[edit]