Episcopal Diocese of San Joaquin
Diocese of San Joaquin
|Cathedral||St. James Episcopal Cathedral|
Location of the Diocese of San Joaquin
The Episcopal Diocese of San Joaquin (EDSJ) is a diocese of the Episcopal Church (TEC), located in central California with its headquarters in Modesto. It can trace its roots back to the earliest days of American settlement in California.
In 1910, the Episcopal Diocese of California petitioned the General Convention to create the Missionary District of San Joaquin from a portion of its territory. The Diocese of California ceded 14 counties in central California (and the 23 Episcopal congregations within those counties) back to the General Convention. The General Convention formed those 14 counties into the Missionary District of San Joaquin. In 1961, the Missionary District of San Joaquin petitioned the General Convention for "consent to the formation of a new Diocese out of the whole of the Missionary District of San Joaquin." The General Convention accepted the petition and approved the proposed diocesan constitution and canons, thus forming the Episcopal Church's Diocese of San Joaquin.
Over the years, the diocese had become known as one of the more conservative dioceses within the Episcopal Church. Due to ongoing disagreements with the national church in matters such as the blessing of same-sex relationships and the ordination of women a rift developed within the diocese between those who wished to remain in the Episcopal Church and a majority who wished to leave. On December 8, 2007, a majority of the delegates at the diocese's convention voted to leave the Episcopal Church in order to form the Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin. The remaining clergy and laity who did not vote to leave continue to constitute the Episcopal Diocese of San Joaquin. Various court decisions have determined that those who left largely did so as individuals and not as a diocese.
Until this vote, the diocese was one of the most conservative within the Episcopal Church. The diocese had been one of the last three that did not ordain women (the others were the dioceses of Quincy and Fort Worth). The pre-separation Episcopal Diocese of San Joaquin had a membership of approximately 8,500.
On January 11, 2008, Katharine Jefferts Schori, the Presiding Bishop, inhibited John-David Schofield from the exercise of the office of a bishop. On March 1, 2008, Schofield tendered his resignation from the House of Bishops of the Episcopal Church, although he continued on as the bishop of the Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin. On March 12, 2008, he was deposed by action of the House of Bishops.
A special diocesan convention met on March 29, 2008, in Lodi, California elected Jerry Lamb (retired bishop of Northern California) as provisional bishop of a reorganized Episcopal Diocese of San Joaquin. Jefferts Schori stated that "The Episcopal Church will continue in the Diocese of San Joaquin, albeit with new leadership." The Executive Council of the Episcopal Church as a whole agreed to provide $700,000 to help defray the expenses associated with reorganization in San Joaquin and other dioceses facing similar challenges. At the regular diocesan convention in October 2008, delegates voted to create an "equality commission", charged with affirming marginalized communities within the diocese, including women, lesbians and gays, as well as several ethnic groups.
On October 17, 2008, the standing committee of the Episcopal Diocese of San Joaquin determined that 16 deacons and 36 priests who opted to realign with the Southern Cone had abandoned the communion of the Episcopal Church. This decision paved the way for Lamb to remove the 52 clergy. In June 2009, Episcopal leaders deposed all clergy (61 in all) who had joined Schofield in affiliating with an Anglican diocese in Argentina.
Bishops since the diocesan controversy
On March 5, 2011, Chester Lovelle Talton was formally seated at Holy Family Church in Fresno as the diocese's provisional bishop. Talton succeeded Jerry A. Lamb, who had served as provisional bishop since February 2008. Lamb had announced his intention to retire and called for the special meeting, in accordance with the diocesan constitution.
Court cases and rulings
On July 21, 2009, the Superior Court of California ruled that the diocese cannot leave the Episcopal Church and that Lamb is the head of the diocese. Schofield was found not to be the head of the diocese and was ordered to relinquish all money, property and any assumed authority. However, on November 11, 2010, the lower court's ruling was overturned by the 5th appellate court, remanding the property issues to be retried by the lower court under neutral principles. The appeals court, however, also ruled that several matters of fact had been established in the trial record and were not subject to re-litigation. These included that Schofield had been inhibited from all episcopal actions in January 2008, that in March 2008 he had been deposed; and that from the date of the special convention in March 2008, Lamb was the bishop of the Episcopal diocese.
Litigation over parish property has resulted in court orders awarding various properties to the Episcopal diocese, including churches in Bakersfield, Sonora, Turlock, and Ridgecrest. Other cases involving parish property remain unsettled.
On April 2, 2014, a California Superior Court has ruled that the 160-year-old St. John the Evangelist Church in downtown Stockton, California, is to be used for the mission of the Episcopal Church. St John's was suddenly returned to the EDSJ on April 17, 2014, just days before Easter. Easter services were arranged by newly elected David Rice who thought it important that no lapse in services should be allowed to occur. On May 7, 2014, Anne Smith celebrated the Eucharist at St. John's, Stockton. She was the first woman to celebrate the Eucharist at St. John's in its more than 150 year history and 38 years after the Episcopal Church approved the ordination of women.
In May 2014 the courts announced a tentative decision ordering the remaining 27 properties and various other assets to be returned to the Episcopal diocese. St. James Cathedral, the former diocesan offices, the Evergreen Conference Center Oakhurst (ECCO) near Yosemite National Park, the diocesan investment trust and 25 other church properties, valued at about $50 million, are included in the May 5 decision. In the 41-page opinion in the case brought by the Episcopal Church and its Diocese of San Joaquin, Fresno County Superior Court Judge Donald S. Black also said that "because a diocese is a geographical construct of the Church, it makes no sense that a diocese can ‘leave’ the Church; it does not exist apart from the Church." On August 18, 2014, in a letter to the Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin, Eric Menees announced that he has decided to appeal this decision to the Fifth District Court of Appeals. On April 5, 2016 the Fifth District Court of Appeals ruled in favor of the Diocese of San Joaquin and found that Schofield's attempts to transfer title to the properties was void. On July 13, 2016 the California State Supreme Court denied the petition of the Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin for review. In essence, and practically speaking, this is a conclusion to the case involving the Anglican Diocese Holding Corp. properties.
List of bishops
- Louis Childs Sanford, 1911-1944 (Missionary Bishop)
- Sumner F. D. Walters, 1944-1968 (Missionary Bishop 1944-1961)
- Victor M. Rivera, 1968-1989
- John-David Schofield, 1989-2008
* Jerry A. Lamb, 2008-2011 (Provisional)
* Chester Talton, 2011-2014 (Provisional)
- David Rice, 2017–present (Provisional 2014-2017)
- Diocese of San Joaquin v Scofield, Superior Court of California, County of Fresno, May 5, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014
- San Joaquin votes to leave Episcopal Church, realign with Southern Cone Archived 2008-10-01 at the Wayback Machine, Episcopal Life online, The Episcopal Church, December 8, 2007. Retrieved September 26, 2008
- Presiding Bishop inhibits San Joaquin bishop, Episcopal Life Online, The Episcopal Church, January 11, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2008
- Letter from Schofield to Schori and the House of Bishops, March 1, 2007, Episcopal cafe. Retrieved September 26, 2008.
- House of Bishops consents to deposition of John-David Schofield, William Cox Episcopal Life Online, The Episcopal Church, March 12, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2008
- San Joaquin Episcopalians anchor reorganization in themes of resurrection, hope, Episcopal Life Online, The Episcopal Church, March 12, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2008
- The Living Church Foundation | Presiding Bishop Eyes New Leadership for Diocese of San Joaquin
- Christian Post: "Episcopal Diocese Approves Commission to Support Gays" (sic), 28 October 2008
- Realigning clergy are charged with abandonment of communion, Episcopal News Service, October 17, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- "Episcopal Church Ousts 61 Clergy In Gay Bishop Dispute", The Huffington Post, June 28, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- "it was a full and festive day", Episcopal Life San Joaquin, April 2011, Volume 1, Number 3. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- "David Rice elected, seated as bishop provisional", Episcopal News Service, March 31, 2014. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- Order on Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Adjudication, Lamb v Scofield, Superior Court of California, County of Fresno, Central Division, July 21, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- Opinion Schofield v Diocese of San Joaquin et. al., California Fifth District Court of Appeals, November 18, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- Episcopal Life San Joaquin Quarterly Volume 2, Number 3, Summer 2013. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- Court rules St. John’s belongs to the Episcopal Church, Episcopal News Service, April 14, 2014. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- The Friday Reflection, April 18, 2014. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- The Friday Reflection, May 16, 2014. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- Calif. court’s preliminary decision: return 27 properties to Episcopalians, Episcopal News Service, May 16, 2014. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- Final Judgement and Decision to Appeal, August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- Opinion, Diocese of San Joaquin v. Gunner Retrieved April 6, 2016
- Anglican Diocese of San Joaquin Legal Updates Retrieved July 15, 2016
- Church History / Volume 19 / Issue 01 / March 1950, pp 69-70, American Society of Church History, July 28, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2014
- Sumner Walters obit, ancestry.com, July 4, 2000. Retrieved August 26, 2014