Epistrophe eligans

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Epistrophe eligans
Epistrophe eligans01.jpg
male
Epistrophe eligans-pjt.jpg
female
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Genus: Epistrophe
Species: E. eligans
Binomial name
Epistrophe eligans
(Harris, 1780)
Synonyms

Epistrophe eligans is a European species of hoverfly.[1][2][3][4]

Description[edit]

External images For terms see Morphology of Diptera
Wing length 6·25-9·5 mm. Eyes bare. Stigma pale yellow.Tergite 4 with smaller yellow markings than tergite 3 or tergite 4 black. [4] [5] [6][7] The larva is illustrated by Rotheray (1993) [8] The male genitalia are figured by Dusek and Laska (1967).[9]

Distribution[edit]

Palaearctic .[10] South Sweden to Iberia. Ireland East through Central and South Europe into Turkey and European Russia as far as the Caucasus.[11]

Habitat.Ireland

Biology[edit]

The habitat is deciduous woodland and scrub, suburban gardens, parks.[12] Found by tracksides, clearings. Flowers visited include white umbellifers, Acer pseudoplatanus, Cistus, Crataegus, Endymion, Euonymus, Euphorbia, Ilex, Prunus spinosa, Stellaria, Viburnum opulus.[13] The flight period is April to June (earlier in Southern later at higher altitudes and northerly latitudes). The larva is aphid feeding on shrubs and trees.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ball, S.G.; Morris, R.K.A. (2000). Provisional atlas of British hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae). Monks Wood, UK: Biological Record Centre. pp. 167 pages. ISBN 1-870393-54-6. 
  2. ^ Morris, Roger K. A. (1999). Hoverflies of Surrey. Surrey Wildlife Trust. p. 244. ISBN 0-9526065-3-4. 
  3. ^ Stubbs, Alan E.; Falk, Steven J. (1983). British Hoverflies: An Illustrated Identification Guide. British Entomological & Natural History Society. p. 253, xvpp. 
  4. ^ a b Van Veen, M.P. (2004). Hoverflies of Northwest Europe, Identification Keys to the Syrphidae (hardback). Utrecht: KNNV Publishing. p. 254. ISBN 90-5011-199-8. 
  5. ^ Van der Goot,V.S. (1981) De zweefvliegen van Noordwest - Europa en Europees Rusland, in het bijzonder van de Benelux. KNNV, Uitgave no.32: 275pp. Amsterdam.
  6. ^ Bei-Bienko, G.Y. & Steyskal, G.C. (1988) Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR, Volume V: Diptera and Siphonaptera, Part I. Amerind Publishing Co., New Delhi. ISBN 81-205-0080-6.
  7. ^ Coe, R.L. (1953) Diptera: Syrphidae. Handbks.ident.Br.insects, 10(1): 1-98. R.ent.Soc.London. pdf
  8. ^ Rotheray G., 1993 Colour Guide to Hoverfly Larvae Diptera, Syrphidae in Britain and Europe Dipterists Forum pdf
  9. ^ Dusek, J. & Laska, P. (1967) Versuch zum aufbau eines Naturlichen Systems mitteleuropaischer Arten der Unterfamilie Syrphinae (Diptera). Acta sc.nat.Brno, 1: 349-390.
  10. ^ Fauna Europaea
  11. ^ Peck, L.V. (1988) Syrphidae. In: Soos, A. & Papp, L. (eds.) Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera, 8: 11-230. Akad.Kiado, Budapest.
  12. ^ Speight, M.C.D. (2011). "Species accounts of European Syrphidae (Diptera)" (PDF). Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae. 65: 285pp. 
  13. ^ de Buck, N. (1990) Bloembezoek en bestuivingsecologie van Zweefvliegen (Diptera, Syrphidae) in het bijzonder voor België. Doc.Trav. IRSNB, no.60, 1-167.