Epistrophe nitidicollis

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Epistrophe nitidicollis
Epistrophe nitidicollisDSC02171.jpg
male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Genus: Epistrophe
Species: E. nitidicollis
Binomial name
Epistrophe nitidicollis
(Meigen, 1822)

Epistrophe nitidicollis is a European and North American species of hoverfly.[1][2][3]

Description[edit]

External images For terms see Morphology of Diptera
Wing length 8-11·25 mm. Face wide,clear yellow,lightly dusted at eye margin.Legs yellow except dark coxae.Thorax blackish and shiny and tergites equally black and yellow.Similar to E. melanostoma but slightly narrower, tergite 5 with black band and scutellum black-haired.[4] [5] [6] [7] The male genitalia are figured by Hippa (1968).[8]The larva is described and figured by Dusek and Laska(1959) .[9]

Distribution[edit]

Palaearctic and Nearctic. Fennoscandia South to Iberia. Ireland East through North, Central and South Europe East into Russia then Siberia to the Pacific coast (Kamchatka, Sakhalin Island).North America from Alaska south to California and South Carolina.[10][11] [12]

Habitat.Ireland

Biology[edit]

Habitat is deciduous forest, scrub and macquis.[13]Arboreal, descending to visit flowers of white umbellifers, Caltha, Cistus, Euphorbia, Prunus, Ranunculus, Rubus, Taraxacum.[14] The flight period is May to June (earlier in southern Europe, later at higher altitudes and northerly latitudes). The larva feeds on aphids.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Ball, S.G.; Morris, R.K.A. (2000). Provisional atlas of British hoverflies (Diptera, Syrphidae). Monks Wood, UK: Biological Record Centre. pp. 167 pages. ISBN 1-870393-54-6. 
  2. ^ Morris, Roger K. A. (1999). Hoverflies of Surrey. Surrey Wildlife Trust. p. 244. ISBN 0-9526065-3-4. 
  3. ^ Stubbs, Alan E.; Falk, Steven J. (1983). British Hoverflies: An Illustrated Identification Guide. British Entomological & Natural History Society. p. 253, xvpp. 
  4. ^ Van Veen, M. (2004) Hoverflies of Northwest Europe: identification keys to the Syrphidae. 256pp. KNNV Publishing, Utrecht.addendum
  5. ^ Van der Goot,V.S. (1981) De zweefvliegen van Noordwest - Europa en Europees Rusland, in het bijzonder van de Benelux. KNNV, Uitgave no.32: 275pp. Amsterdam.
  6. ^ Bei-Bienko, G.Y. & Steyskal, G.C. (1988) Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR, Volume V: Diptera and Siphonaptera, Part I. Amerind Publishing Co., New Delhi. ISBN 81-205-0080-6.
  7. ^ Coe, R.L. (1953) Diptera: Syrphidae. Handbks.ident.Br.insects, 10(1): 1-98. R.ent.Soc.London. pdf
  8. ^ Hippa, H. (1968) A generic revision of the genus Syrphus and allied genera (Diptera: Syrphidae) in the Palearctic region, with descriptions of the male genitalia. Acta Ent.Fenn., 25: 1-94.
  9. ^ Dusek, J. & Laska, P. (1959) Beitrag zur Kenntnis einiger unbekannter aphidophager syrphiden-larven (Dipt., Syrphidae). Acta Soc.ent.Cechoslov., 57(3): 279-292.
  10. ^ Fauna Europaea
  11. ^ Peck, L.V. (1988) Syrphidae. In: Soos, A. & Papp, L. (eds.) Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera, 8: 11-230. Akad.Kiado, Budapest.
  12. ^ Vockeroth, J. R. (1992). The Flower Flies of the Subfamily Syrphinae of Canada, Alaska, and Greenland (Diptera: Syrphidae). Part 18. The Insects and Arachnids of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Government Pub Centre. pp. 1–456. 
  13. ^ Speight, M.C.D. (2011). "Species accounts of European Syrphidae (Diptera)" (PDF). Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae. 65: 285pp. 
  14. ^ de Buck, N. (1990) Bloembezoek en bestuivingsecologie van Zweefvliegen (Diptera, Syrphidae) in het bijzonder voor België. Doc.Trav. IRSNB, no.60, 1-167.