In geometry, an epitrochoid (// or //) is a roulette traced by a point attached to a circle of radius r rolling around the outside of a fixed circle of radius R, where the point is at a distance d from the center of the exterior circle.
The parametric equations for an epitrochoid are
The parameter θ is geometrically the polar angle of the center of the exterior circle. (However, θ is not the polar angle of the point on the epitrochoid.)
The paths of planets in the once popular geocentric system of deferents and epicycles are epitrochoids with for both the outer planets and the inner planets.
The orbit of the Moon, when centered around the Sun, approximates an epitrochoid.
- List of periodic functions
- Rosetta (orbit)
- Apsidal precession
- J. Dennis Lawrence (1972). A catalog of special plane curves. Dover Publications. pp. 160–164. ISBN 0-486-60288-5.
- Epitrochoid generator
- Weisstein, Eric W. "Epitrochoid". MathWorld.
- Visual Dictionary of Special Plane Curves on Xah Lee 李杀网
- Interactive simulation of the geocentric graphical representation of planet paths
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Epitrochoid", MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive, University of St Andrews
- Plot Epitrochoid -- GeoFun