In academic publishing, an eprint or e-print is a digital version of a research document (usually a journal article, but could also be a thesis, conference paper, book chapter, or a book) that is accessible online, whether from a local institutional, or a central (subject- or discipline-based) digital repository.
Digital versions of materials other than research documents are not usually called e-prints, but some other name, such as e-books.
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- Crow, Raym (2006). The Case for Institutional Repositories: A SPARC Position Paper Archived 2011-02-04 at the Wayback Machine. Discussion Paper. Scholarly Publication and Academic Resources Coalition, Washington, D.C.
- Swan, A. and Carr, L. (2008). "Institutions, their repositories and the Web". Serials Review, 34 (1).