Epsilon Gruis

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Epsilon Gruis
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Grus
Right ascension  22h 48m 33.29833s[1]
Declination −51° 19′ 00.7001″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 3.466[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type A2 IVn[3]
B−V color index 0.09[2]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)−0.4±2.1[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +108.43[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −64.83[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)25.30 ± 0.48[1] mas
Distance129 ± 2 ly
(39.5 ± 0.7 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)+0.52[5]
Details
Mass1.85[6] M
Surface gravity (log g)3.47±0.14[6] cgs
Temperature8,685±295[6] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]−0.16[3] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)235.1±11.8[5] km/s
Age249[6] Myr
Other designations
ε Gru, CD−51° 13389, FK5 860, GJ 9796, HD 215789, HIP 112623, HR 8675, SAO 247593[7]
Database references
SIMBADdata

ε Gruis, Latinised as Epsilon Gruis, is a blue-white hued star in the southern constellation of Grus. It is visible to the naked eye, having an apparent visual magnitude of 3.5.[2] Based upon an annual parallax shift of 25.30 mas as measured from Earth,[1] it is located around 129 light years from the Sun. The system may be moving closer to the Sun with a radial velocity of about −0.4 km/s.[4]

This is an A-type subgiant of spectral type A2IVn,[3] a star that has used up its core hydrogen and has begun to expand off the main sequence. At the estimated age of 249 million years,[6] it is spinning rapidly with a projected rotational velocity of 235 km/s.[5] This is giving the star an oblate shape with an equatorial bulge that is an estimated 18% larger than the polar radius.[8] The star displays an infrared excess, suggesting the presence of a circumstellar disk of orbiting dust.[9]

Epsilon Gruis is suspected of having a moderately active[10] close companion,[11] which is most likely the source of the weak X-ray emission from these coordinates with a luminosity of 1.3×1028 erg s−1.[10]

See also[edit]

Epsilon Gruis in fiction

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b c Høg, E.; et al. (2000), "The Tycho-2 catalogue of the 2.5 million brightest stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 355: L27, Bibcode:2000A&A...355L..27H, doi:10.1888/0333750888/2862, ISBN 978-0333750889.
  3. ^ a b c Gray, R. O.; et al. (July 2006), "Contributions to the Nearby Stars (NStars) Project: spectroscopy of stars earlier than M0 within 40 pc-The Southern Sample", The Astronomical Journal, 132 (1): 161–170, arXiv:astro-ph/0603770, Bibcode:2006AJ....132..161G, doi:10.1086/504637.
  4. ^ a b Gontcharov, G. A. (November 2006), "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35495 Hipparcos stars in a common system", Astronomy Letters, 32 (11): 759–771, arXiv:1606.08053, Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G, doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065.
  5. ^ a b c Ammler-von Eiff, M.; Reiners, A. (June 2012), "New measurements of rotation and differential rotation in A-F stars: are there two populations of differentially rotating stars?", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 542: A116, arXiv:1204.2459, Bibcode:2012A&A...542A.116A, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201118724.
  6. ^ a b c d e David, Trevor J.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (2015), "The Ages of Early-Type Stars: Strömgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets", The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): 146, arXiv:1501.03154, Bibcode:2015ApJ...804..146D, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/2/146.
  7. ^ "eps Gru". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2017-09-22.
  8. ^ Belle, G. T. (2012), "Interferometric observations of rapidly rotating stars", The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, 20 (1): 51, arXiv:1204.2572, Bibcode:2012A&ARv..20...51V, doi:10.1007/s00159-012-0051-2.
  9. ^ Ertel, S.; et al. (October 2014), "A near-infrared interferometric survey of debris-disk stars. IV. An unbiased sample of 92 southern stars observed in H band with VLTI/PIONIER", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 570: 20, arXiv:1409.6143, Bibcode:2014A&A...570A.128E, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201424438, A128.
  10. ^ a b Schröder, C.; et al. (June 2008), "Magnetic fields in A-type stars associated with X-ray emission", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 484 (2): 479–486, Bibcode:2008A&A...484..479S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078963.
  11. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x.