Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||09h 45m 51.07330s|
|Declination||23° 46′ 27.3208″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||2.98|
|Spectral type||G1 II|
|U−B color index||+0.47|
|B−V color index||+0.808|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||4.86 ± 0.33 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: –45.61 mas/yr
Dec.: –9.21 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||13.22 ± 0.15 mas|
|Distance||247 ± 3 ly
(75.6 ± 0.9 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||–1.49|
|Surface gravity (log g)||2.2 cgs|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||–0.28 dex|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||8.1 km/s|
Epsilon Leonis (ε Leo, ε Leonis) is the fifth brightest star in the constellation Leo, consistent with its Bayer designation Epsilon. The star has the traditional names Ras Elased (Australis), Asad Australis and Algenubi, all of which derive from the Arabic رأس الأسد الجنوبي rās al-’asad al-janūbī, which means "the southern (star) of the lion's head"; australis is Latin for "southern".
Epsilon Leonis has a stellar classification of G1 II, with the luminosity class of II indicating that, at an age of 162 million years, it has evolved into a bright giant. It is much larger and brighter than the Sun with a luminosity 288 times and a radius 21 times solar. Consequently, its absolute magnitude is actually –1.49, making it one of the more luminous stars in the constellation, significantly more than its alpha star, Regulus. Algenubi's apparent brightness, though, is only 2.98. Given its distance of about 247 light-years (76 parsecs), the star is more than 3 times the distance from the Sun than Regulus. At this distance, the visual magnitude of Epsilon Leonis is reduced by 0.03 as a result of extinction caused by intervening gas and dust.
Algenubi exhibits the characteristics of a Cepheid-like variable, changing by an amplitude of 0.3 magnitude every few days. It has around four times the mass of the Sun and a projected rotational velocity of 8.1 km s−1. Based upon its iron abundance, the metallicity of this star's outer atmosphere is only around 52% of the Sun's. That is, the abundance of elements other than hydrogen and helium is about half that in the Sun.
- van Leeuwen, Floor (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752v1, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357 Note: see VizieR catalogue I/311.
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- Takeda, Yoichi; Sato, Bun'ei; Murata, Daisuke (August 2008), "Stellar parameters and elemental abundances of late-G giants", Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan 60 (4): 781–802, arXiv:0805.2434, Bibcode:2008PASJ...60..781T, doi:10.1093/pasj/60.4.781
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- Kaler, James B., "ALGENUBI (Epsilon Leonis)", Stars (University of Illinois), retrieved 2010-05-10