Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||04h 28m 37.00s|
|Declination||+19° 10′ 50″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||+3.53|
|B−V color index||1.014|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: 106.19 ± 0.38 mas/yr
Dec.: -37.84 ± 0.30 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||22.24 ± 0.25 mas|
|Distance||147 ± 2 ly
(45.0 ± 0.5 pc)
|Mass||2.7 ± 0.1 M☉|
|Radius||12.692 ± 0.545  R☉|
|Luminosity||97 ± 8 L☉|
|Temperature||4901 ± 20 K|
|Metallicity||+0.17 ± 0.04|
|Age||625 × 106  years|
Epsilon Tauri (abbreviated ε Tauri or ε Tau) is an orange giant star located approximately 45 parsecs (147 light-years) from the Sun in the constellation of Taurus. It has the traditional name Ain (Arabic عين for "eye") and was given the name Oculus Boreus (Latin for "Northern eye") by John Flamsteed. An extrasolar planet (designated Epsilon Tauri b, later named Amateru) is believed to be orbiting the star.
It is a member of the Hyades open cluster. As such its age is well constrained at 625 million years. It is claimed to be the heaviest among planet-harboring stars with reliable initial masses although the star HD 13189 is potentially more massive. Given its large mass, this star, though presently of spectral type K0 III, was formerly of spectral type A that has now evolved off the main sequence into the giant phase. It is regarded as a red clump giant; that is, a core-helium burning star.
It has an 11th magnitude companion 182 arcseconds from the primary.
Epsilon Tauri is the star's Bayer designation; it also bears the Flamsteed designation of 74 Tauri. On discovery the planet was designated Epsilon Tauri b (or Ain b). In July 2014 the International Astronomical Union launched a process for giving proper names to certain exoplanets. The process involved public nomination and voting for the new names. In December 2015, the IAU announced the winning name was Amateru for this planet.
The winning name was based on that submitted by the Kamagari Astronomical Observatory of Kure, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan: namely 'Amaterasu', the Shinto goddess of the Sun, born from the left eye of the god Izanagi. The IAU substituted 'Amateru' - which is a common Japanese appellation for shrines when they enshrine Amaterasu - because 'Amaterasu' is already used for an asteroid (10385 Amaterasu).
In 2007 a massive extrasolar planet was reported orbiting the star with a period of 1.6 years in a somewhat eccentric orbit. Its discoverers claimed it was the first planet ever discovered in an open cluster.
(in order from star)
|b (Amateru)||>7.6 (± 0.2) MJ||1.93 (± 0.03)||594.9 (± 5.3)||0.151 (± 0.023)||—||—|
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- Gerard T. van Belle and Kaspar von Braun (2009). "Directly Determined Linear Radii and Effective Temperatures of Exoplanet Host Stars" (abstract). The Astrophysical Journal. 694 (2): 1085–1098. arXiv:. Bibcode:2009ApJ...694.1085V. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/694/2/1085.(web Preprint)
- Sato, Bun'ei; et al. (2007). "A Planetary Companion to the Hyades Giant ε Tauri". The Astrophysical Journal. 661 (1): 527–531. Bibcode:2007ApJ...661..527S. doi:10.1086/513503.
- Flamsteed, John (1725). Historia Coelestis Britannica. H. Meere. p. 47.
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- NameExoWorlds: An IAU Worldwide Contest to Name Exoplanets and their Host Stars. IAU.org. 9 July 2014
- NameExoWorlds The Process
- Final Results of NameExoWorlds Public Vote Released, International Astronomical Union, 15 December 2015.
- NameExoWorlds The Approved Names
- "Star Names". Frosty Drew Observatory. Retrieved 2008-06-24.
- Epsilon Tauri at the SIMBAD Astronomical Database.