Epsom (UK Parliament constituency)

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Epsom
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Location of Surrey within England.
County Surrey
Major settlements Epsom, Ewell and Ashtead
18851974 (1974)
Number of members One
Replaced by Epsom and Ewell
Created from East Surrey

Epsom was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. From its creation in 1885 until its abolition in 1974, it was always held by the Conservative Party.

History[edit]

The constituency was established for the 1885 general election from part of the East Surrey constituency. It was abolished for the February 1974 general election and largely replaced by the new Epsom and Ewell constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

1885–1918: The Sessional Divisions of Epsom and Kingston (comprising most of Elmbridge) as excluding "the part of the civil parish of Kingston [and] the Municipal Borough of Kingston-on-Thames", and the (mainly rural) civil parishes of Effingham and Mickleham to the south-west and south respectively.

1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Epsom, Leatherhead, and Sutton, and the Rural District of Epsom.

1950–1974: The Municipal Borough of Epsom and Ewell, and the Urban District of Leatherhead.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[1] Party
1885 Constituency created.
1885 George Cubitt Conservative
1892 Thomas Bucknill Conservative
1899 by-election William Keswick Conservative
1912 by-election Henry Keswick Conservative
1918 George Blades Conservative
1928 by-election Sir Archibald Southby Conservative
1947 by-election Malcolm McCorquodale Conservative
1955 Peter Rawlinson Conservative
Feb 1974 Constituency abolished. See Epsom and Ewell.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1885: Epsom[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Cubitt 4,621 n/a
Liberal R. Harris 2,368 n/a
Majority 2,253 n/a
Turnout n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1886: Epsom[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Cubitt unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General election 1892: Epsom[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Bucknill 5,123 n/a
Liberal Thomas Brassey 2,720 n/a
Majority 2,403 n/a
Turnout n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General election 1895: Epsom[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Bucknill unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
William Keswick
Epsom by-election, 1899[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Keswick unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General election 1900: Epsom[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Keswick unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Aston
General election 1906: Epsom[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Keswick 7,313 n/a
Liberal Alfred Withall Aston 6,221 n/a
Majority 1,092 n/a
Turnout n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Sir Albert Rollit
General election January 1910: Epsom[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Keswick 10,919
Liberal Albert Rollit 5,232
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General election December 1910: Epsom[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Keswick unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
Henry Keswick
Epsom by-election, 1912[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Keswick unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

General election 1914/15:

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: Epsom[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist
Labour James Chuter Ede
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General election 1922: Epsom[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Rowland Blades
Labour Somerville Hastings
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1923: Epsom[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Rowland Blades 14,230 71.0
Labour John Langdon-Davies 5,807 29.0
Majority 8,423 42.0
Turnout 55.6
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1924: Epsom[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Rowland Blades 20,017 79.5
Labour Philip Butler 5,149 20.5
Majority 14,868 59.0
Turnout 67.1
Unionist hold Swing
Epsom by-election, 1928[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Archibald Southby 13,364 60.3 −19.2
Liberal Samuel Parnell Kerr 5,095 23.0 n/a
Labour Helen Mary Keynes 3,719 16.8 −3.7
Majority 8,269 37.2 −21.8
Turnout 51.2 −5.9
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General election 1929: Epsom[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Archibald Southby 24,720 57.8 −2.5
Liberal Samuel Parnell Kerr 10,422 24.3 +1.3
Labour Stanley James Wells Morgan 7,662 17.9 +1.1
Majority 14,298 33.5 −3.7
Turnout 67.7 +16.5
Unionist hold Swing −1.9

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General election 1931: Epsom[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Archibald Southby 44,076 85.34
Labour Stanley James Wells Morgan 7,571 14.66
Majority 36,505 70.68
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1935: Epsom[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Archibald Southby 49,948 72.14
Labour Stanley James Wells Morgan 19,286 27.86
Majority 30,662 44.29
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

General election 1939/40:

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General election 1945: Epsom[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Archibald Southby 27,081 49.91
Labour Edward Shackleton 20,533 37.84
Liberal James Morgan Fowler 6,643 12.24
Majority 6,548
Turnout 74.87
Conservative hold Swing
Epsom by-election, 1947[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm McCorquodale 33,633 61.0 +11.1
Labour R. Bishop 17,339 31.5 −6.3
Liberal David Cairns 4,121 7.5 −4.7
Majority 16,447 33.0
Turnout 16,294
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General election 1950: Epsom[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm McCorquodale 33,103 60.73
Labour Frank Martin Hardie 15,256 27.99
Liberal N. Geoffrey Hudson 6,153 11.29
Majority 17,847 32.74
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Epsom[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm McCorquodale 36,333 68.66
Labour Frank Martin Hardie 16,584 31.34
Majority 19,749 37.32
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Epsom[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Rawlinson 36,779 71.44
Labour Arthur Bertram Spencer Soper 14,706 28.56
Majority 22,073 42.87
Turnout 77.56
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1959: Epsom[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Rawlinson 35,484 62.88
Labour D. Eric Heather 11,039 19.56
Liberal Robert William M. Walsh 9,910 17.56
Majority 24,445 43.32
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General election 1964: Epsom[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Rawlinson 31,959 55.05
Liberal Robert William M. Walsh 13,968 24.06
Labour Alan Lee Williams 12,131 20.89
Majority 17,991 30.99
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1966: Epsom[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Rawlinson 31,434 54.59
Labour Cyril Carter 13,841 24.04
Liberal Robert William M. Walsh 12,305 21.37
Majority 17,593 30.55
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General election 1970: Epsom[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Rawlinson 35,541 61.41
Labour E. Guy Wilson 12,767 22.06
Liberal Peter Hasler Billenness 9,563 16.52
Majority 22,774 39.35
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)
  2. ^ a b c d Liberal Yearbook 1907.
  3. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons, 1901.
  4. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons, 1916
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F. W. S. Craig, Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949.
  6. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973, by F. W. S. Craig, Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1973.

Coordinates: 51°20′N 0°16′W / 51.33°N 0.27°W / 51.33; -0.27