Epwell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Epwell
St Anne Epwell Geograph-2451010-by-Sarah-Charlesworth.jpg
St Anne's parish church
Epwell is located in Oxfordshire
Epwell
Epwell
Location within Oxfordshire
Area4.63 km2 (1.79 sq mi)
Population285 (2011 Census)
• Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSP3540
Civil parish
  • Epwell
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBanbury
Postcode districtOX15
Dialling code01295
PoliceThames Valley
FireOxfordshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
WebsiteEpwell Oxfordshire
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
52°03′36″N 1°29′02″W / 52.060°N 1.484°W / 52.060; -1.484Coordinates: 52°03′36″N 1°29′02″W / 52.060°N 1.484°W / 52.060; -1.484

Epwell is a village and civil parish in the north of Oxfordshire about 6 miles (10 km) west of Banbury. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population's as 285.[1]

Epwell's toponym is believed to be derived from the Old English Eoppa's Well.[2]

Manor[edit]

In 1279 Robert Danvers held a fee at Epwell. It was an exclave of the Hundred of Dorchester until the 18th century, when it was transferred to the Hundred of Banbury.[3][4]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Anne was originally Early English. Several of the present windows are Decorated Gothic and were added later. Next the Perpendicular Gothic bell tower was added. Two windows on the north side of the church were added late in the 16th century.[5] The church is a Grade II* listed building.[6]

St Anne's parish is a member of the Benefice of Wykeham, along with the parishes of Broughton, Shutford, Sibford Gower, Swalcliffe and Tadmarton.[7]

Mills[edit]

Epwell had a watermill and a windmill. The watermill building survives: it is just east of the village and was built early in the 18th century.[8] The windmill was a tower mill northwest of the village. It was built of stone, had patent sails and a domed cap, and last worked in 1912.[9]

Amenities[edit]

The Chandler's Arms public house was built late in the 17th century and extended in the 19th century.[10] The pub was controlled by the Hook Norton Brewery,[11] but by January 2013 its freehold was offered for sale.[12] It is now a free house.[13]

Epwell had a parish school. It is now the village hall.[14]

References[edit]

The Chandlers Arms in 2006
  1. ^ "Area: Epwell (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  2. ^ "About Our Village: A History". Epwell Oxfordshire. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  3. ^ Lobel 1962, pp. 1–4.
  4. ^ Lobel & Crossley 1969, pp. 1–4.
  5. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 595.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Anne  (Grade II*) (1369555)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  7. ^ Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Wykeham". Church of England. Archived from the original on 4 December 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Epwell Mill House  (Grade II) (1046861)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  9. ^ Foreman 1983, p. 125.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Chandler's Arms Public House and Attached Mounting Block  (Grade II) (1199982)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  11. ^ "The Chandlers Arms". Hooky Pubs. Hook Norton Brewery. Archived from the original on 31 December 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  12. ^ "Chandlers Arms Epwell". Colliers International. January 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  13. ^ The Chandlers Arms
  14. ^ "Village Hall". Epwell Oxfordshire. Retrieved 11 November 2015.

Sources and further reading[edit]

The green and thatched 17th-century cottages in Birds Lane

External links[edit]