Equal-armed cross

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Basic Greek cross
Minoan cross

The equal-armed cross, also referred to as the square cross, the balanced cross, and the peaceful cross, is a name for the Greek cross when this is found in ancient cultures, predating Christianity.


It is often interpreted as representing either the four seasons, four winds, four elements, or some other aspect of physical nature.[1]


An equal-armed cross (often within a circle) represents the planet Earth in traditional astrological/astronomical symbols. The cross could also be used to represent the union between male and female.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Duchane, Sangeet; Priya Hemenway (2005). Beyond the Da Vinci Code: From the Rose Line to the Bloodline. Amy Ray. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-7607-6625-5.
  2. ^ Stewart, Michael James Alexander; Walid Amine Salhab (2007). The Knights Templar of the Middle East: The Hidden History of the Islamic Origins of Freemasonry. Weiser. ISBN 978-1-57863-346-3.