Equality Statute between Brazil and Portugal

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Equality Statute between Brazil and Portugal (or Estatuto da Igualdade entre Brasil e Portugal in Portuguese) is an agreement signed between Brazil and Portugal in Brasília on September 7, 1971, which guarantees the Portuguese in Brazil and the Brazilians in Portugal equal rights and duties with their respective nationals.

Subsequently, the provision was repeated in the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Consultation between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Portuguese Republic, signed in Porto Seguro on April 21, 2000, on the anniversary of the 500th anniversary of the Discovery of Brazil.[1]


The Statute guarantees the equivalence of rights between the two countries. Thus, a Brazilian can exercise his political rights in Portugal, being able to vote and to be voted, as well as a Portuguese can offer public competition (and pursue a political career) in Brazil.[2] Brazilian citizens in Portugal who benefit from this status are allowed to acquire the Portuguese citizen card, as well as the Portuguese in Brazil can request the Brazilian identity card.

The only exception is in relation to the respective economic blocs of each country: A Brazilian does not have freedom of movement within the European Union, while the Portuguese do not have the rights of Brazilians within Mercosur, that is, the agreement is only within the countries, rather than an agreement between economic blocs.[3]

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