Non-inclined orbit

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A non-inclined orbit is an orbit which is contained in the plane of reference. The inclination is 0 for prograde orbits, and π (180°) for retrograde orbits. If the plane of reference is the equator, these orbits are called equatorial; if the plane of reference is ecliptic, they are called ecliptic. As these orbits lack nodes, the ascending node is usually taken to lie in the reference direction (usually the vernal equinox), and thus the longitude of the ascending node is taken to be zero. Also, the argument of periapsis is undefined.

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