Equestrian at the 2004 Summer Olympics – Individual jumping

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The individual jumping event, part of the equestrian program at the 2004 Summer Olympics, was held from 22 August to 27 August 2004 in the Olympic Equestrian Centre on the outskirts of Markopoulo in the Attica region of Greece. Like all other equestrian events, the jumping competition was mixed gender, with both male and female athletes competing in the same division.

Medalists[edit]

Gold Silver Bronze
 Brazil (BRA)  United States (USA)  Germany (GER)
Rodrigo Pessoa Baloubet du Rouet Chris Kappler Royal Kaliber Marco Kutscher Montender

Results[edit]

Qualification round[edit]

Round 1[edit]

10 of the 77 pairs had flawless rides in the first qualifying round. The two riders who were eliminated during the round automatically received a score 20 points higher than the highest other score and continued to compete in the second round.

Rider Country Horse Penalties Total
penalties
Jump Time
1 Peter Wylde  United States Fein Cera 0 0 0
Juan Carlos García  Italy Albin III 0 0 0
Thomas Velin  Denmark Carnute 0 0 0
Malin Baryard  Sweden Butterfly Flip 0 0 0
Antonis Petris  Greece Gredo la Daviere 0 0 0
Peder Fredericson  Sweden Magic Bengtsson 0 0 0
Grant Cashmore  New Zealand Franklins Flyte 0 0 0
Ludo Philippaerts  Belgium Parco 0 0 0
Beezie Madden  United States Authentic 0 0 0
Wim Schröder  Netherlands Montreal 0 0 0
11 Ludger Beerbaum  Germany Goldfever 0 1 1
Otto Becker  Germany Dobels Cento 0 1 1
Cian O'Connor  Ireland Waterford Crystal 0 1 1
McLain Ward  United States Sapphire 0 1 1
Bernardo Alves  Brazil Canturo 0 1 1
Nick Skelton  Great Britain Arko III 0 1 1
17 Kevin Babington  Ireland Carling King 0 2 2
18 Yuka Watanabe  Japan Nike 0 3 3
19 Christian Ahlmann  Germany Cöster 4 0 4
Chris Kappler  United States Royal Kaliber 4 0 4
Jos Lansink  Belgium Cumano 4 0 4
Leopold van Asten  Netherlands Fleche Rouge 4 0 4
Rolf-Göran Bengtsson  Sweden Mac Kinley 4 0 4
Robert Smith  Great Britain Mr Springfield 4 0 4
Bruno Broucqsault  France Dileme de Cephe 4 0 4
Markus Fuchs  Switzerland Tinka's Boy 4 0 4
Stanny van Paesschen  Belgium O de Pomme 4 0 4
Florian Angot  France First de Launay 4 0 4
Jessica Kürten  Ireland Castle Forbes Maike 4 0 4
Gert-Jan Bruggink  Netherlands Joel 4 0 4
31 Eric Navet  France Dollar du Murier 4 1 5
Gerco Schröder  Netherlands Monaco 4 1 5
Peter Eriksson  Sweden Cardento 4 1 5
Fabio Crotta  Switzerland Mme Pompadour M 4 1 5
Bruno Chimirri  Italy Landknecht 4 1 5
Rodrigo Pessoa  Brazil Baloubet du Rouet 4 1 5
Federico Sztyrle  Argentina Who Knows Lilly 4 1 5
Danae Tsatsou  Greece Roble Z 4 1 5
Luciana Diniz  Brazil Mariachi 4 1 5
Rossen Raitchev  Bulgaria Medoc II 4 1 5
Sohn Bong-Gak  South Korea Cim Christo 4 1 5
42 Hwang Soon-Won  South Korea C.Chap 4 2 6
Marion Hughes  Ireland Fortunus 4 2 6
Eugenie Angot  France Cigale du Taillis 4 2 6
Woo Jung-Ho  South Korea Seven Up 4 2 6
Steve Guerdat  Switzerland Olympic 4 2 6
47 Gerardo Tazzer  Mexico Chanel 4 4 8
Álvaro Alfonso de Miranda Neto  Brazil Countdown 23 8 0 8
Vincenzo Chimirri  Italy Delfi Platiere 8 0 8
Martín Dopazo  Argentina Furka du Village 8 0 8
Tadayoshi Hayashi  Japan Swanky 8 0 8
Grzegorz Kubiak  Poland Djane des Fontenis 8 0 8
Marco Kutscher  Germany Montender 8 0 8
54 Federico Fernandez  Mexico Behomio 8 8 1 9
Ramzy Al-Duhami  Saudi Arabia Fall Khaeer 8 1 9
Lucas Werthein  Argentina Warren 8 1 9
Christina Liebherr  Switzerland No Mercy 8 1 9
58 Andre Sakakini  Egypt Casper 8 2 10
59 Ian Millar  Canada Promise Me 8 3 11
60 Kamal Bahamdan  Saudi Arabia Casita 12 0 12
Taizo Sugitani  Japan Lamalushi 12 0 12
Dirk Demeersman  Belgium Clinton 12 0 12
63 Daniel Meech  New Zealand Diagonal 12 1 13
Ibrahim Bisharat  Jordan Qwinto 12 1 13
Hannah Mytilinaiou  Greece Santana 12 1 13
66 Joo Jung-Hyun  South Korea Epsom Gesmeray 12 2 14
Ryuichi Obata  Japan Oliver Q 12 2 14
68 Vladimir Tuganov  Russia Leroy Brown 12 3 15
69 Marcela Lobo  Mexico Joskin 12 4 16
Guy Thomas  New Zealand Madison 16 0 16
71 Roberto Arioldi  Italy Dime de la Cour 16 1 17
72 Gustavo Hernández Leyva  Mexico Minotauro 16 3 19
73 Mark Watring  Puerto Rico Sapphire 24 1 25
74 Bruce Goodin  New Zealand Braveheart 24 4 28
75 Tim Amitrano  Australia Mr Innocent 36 2 38
76 Emmanouela Athanassiades  Greece Rimini Z Eliminated 58
Gregorio Werthein  Argentina Calwaro El Eliminated 58

Round 2[edit]

The second qualifying round was also the first team round. Only one pair continued to progress without any penalties, though 27 had 10 or fewer.

Rider Country Horse Penalties Round 1
penalties
Total
penalties
Jump Time
1 Beezie Madden  United States Authentic 0 0 0 0
2 Juan Carlos García  Italy Albin III 0 1 0 1
Ludger Beerbaum  Germany Goldfever 0 0 1 1
4 Kevin Babington  Ireland Carling King 0 1 2 3
5 Wim Schröder  Netherlands Montreal 4 0 0 4
Antonis Petris  Greece Gredo la Daviere 4 0 0 4
Ludo Philippaerts  Belgium Parco 4 0 0 4
Gert-Jan Bruggink  Netherlands Joel 0 0 4 4
Chris Kappler  United States Royal Kaliber 0 0 4 4
Rolf-Göran Bengtsson  Sweden Mac Kinley 0 0 4 4
Thomas Velin  Denmark Carnute 4 0 0 4
12 Rodrigo Pessoa  Brazil Baloubet du Rouet 0 0 5 5
13 Nick Skelton  Great Britain Arko III 4 1 1 6
Yuka Watanabe  Japan Nike 0 3 3 6
Otto Becker  Germany Dobels Cento 4 1 1 6
16 Florian Angot  France First de Launay 4 0 4 8
Christian Ahlmann  Germany Cöster 4 0 4 8
Peder Fredericson  Sweden Magic Bengtsson 8 0 0 8
Leopold van Asten  Netherlands Fleche Rouge 4 0 4 8
Marco Kutscher  Germany Montender 0 0 8 8
Malin Baryard  Sweden Butterfly Flip 8 0 0 8
Markus Fuchs  Switzerland Tinka's Boy 4 0 4 8
23 Peter Eriksson  Sweden Cardento 4 0 5 9
Bernardo Alves  Brazil Canturo 8 0 1 9
Christina Liebherr  Switzerland No Mercy 0 0 9 9
McLain Ward  United States Sapphire 8 0 1 9
27 Eugenie Angot  France Cigale du Taillis 4 0 6 10
28 Peter Wylde  United States Fein Cera 12 0 0 12
Grant Cashmore  New Zealand Franklins Flyte 12 0 0 12
Dirk Demeersman  Belgium Clinton 0 0 12 12
Robert Smith  Great Britain Mr Springfield 8 0 4 12
Stanny van Paesschen  Belgium O de Pomme 8 0 4 12
33 Cian O'Connor  Ireland Waterford Crystal 12 0 1 13
Fabio Crotta  Switzerland Mme Pompadour M 8 0 5 13
Jessica Kürten  Ireland Castle Forbes Maike 8 1 4 13
Gerco Schröder  Netherlands Monaco 8 0 5 13
Bruno Chimirri  Italy Landknecht 8 0 5 13
38 Woo Jung-Ho  South Korea Seven Up 8 0 6 14
39 Hwang Soon-Won  South Korea C.Chap 8 1 6 15
40 Martín Dopazo  Argentina Furka du Village 8 0 8 16
Álvaro Alfonso de Miranda Neto  Brazil Countdown 23 8 0 8 16
42 Rossen Raitchev  Bulgaria Medoc II 12 0 5 17
Jos Lansink  Belgium Cumano 12 1 4 17
44 Luciana Diniz  Brazil Mariachi 12 1 5 18
45 Daniel Meech  New Zealand Diagonal 4 2 13 19
46 Vincenzo Chimirri  Italy Delfi Platiere 12 0 8 20
Grzegorz Kubiak  Poland Djane des Fontenis 12 0 8 20
48 Federico Fernandez  Mexico Behomio 8 12 0 9 21
Ian Millar  Canada Promise Me 8 2 11 21
Eric Navet  France Dollar du Murier 16 0 5 21
51 Ibrahim Bisharat  Jordan Qwinto 8 1 13 22
52 Vladimir Tuganov  Russia Leroy Brown 8 0 15 23
53 Kamal Bahamdan  Saudi Arabia Casita 12 0 12 24
54 Tadayoshi Hayashi  Japan Swanky 16 1 8 25
55 Steve Guerdat  Switzerland Olympic 20 0 6 26
Sohn Bong-Gak  South Korea Cim Christo 16 5 5 26
Ramzy Al-Duhami  Saudi Arabia Fall Khaeer 16 1 9 26
Andre Sakakini  Egypt Casper 16 0 10 26
59 Roberto Arioldi  Italy Dime de la Cour 8 2 17 27
Joo Jung-Hyun  South Korea Epsom Gesmeray 12 1 14 27
61 Taizo Sugitani  Japan Lamalushi 16 0 12 28
62 Guy Thomas  New Zealand Madison 12 1 16 29
63 Hannah Mytilinaiou  Greece Santana 24 2 13 39
64 Marcela Lobo  Mexico Joskin 20 5 16 41
65 Danae Tsatsou  Greece Roble Z 32 7 5 44
66 Gustavo Hernández Leyva  Mexico Minotauro 32 1 19 52
67 Bruce Goodin  New Zealand Braveheart 28 0 28 56
68 Mark Watring  Puerto Rico Sapphire 36 3 25 64
69 Gregorio Werthein  Argentina Calwaro El 12 2 58 72
70 Emmanouela Athanassiades  Greece Rimini Z 8 9 58 75
71 Tim Amitrano  Australia Mr Innocent 44 4 38 86
72 Gerardo Tazzer  Mexico Chanel Eliminated
Lucas Werthein  Argentina Warren Eliminated
Ryuichi Obata  Japan Oliver Q Eliminated
75 Bruno Broucqsault  France Dileme de Cephe Retired
Federico Sztyrle  Argentina Who Knows Lilly Retired
Marion Hughes  Ireland Fortunus Retired

Round 3[edit]

The third individual qualifier was also the second team round. All athletes competed individually regardless of their team's qualification. 45 pairs advanced to the final round. Only three pairs from any single NOC could advance. This meant that all pairs through 51st place were qualified, as that was the lowest place that would allow for no less than 45 pairs to advance after teams that had four qualified pairs selected three of them. Since there was a tie for 51st place, a total of 46 pairs advanced.

Rider Country Horse Penalties Round 1+2
penalties
Total
penalties
Jump Time
1 Beezie Madden  United States Authentic 0 0 0 0
2 Ludger Beerbaum  Germany Goldfever 0 0 1 1
3 Rolf-Göran Bengtsson  Sweden Mac Kinley 0 0 4 4
4 Nick Skelton  Great Britain Arko III 0 0 6 6
5 Marco Kutscher  Germany Montender 0 0 8 8
Gert-Jan Bruggink  Netherlands Joel 4 0 4 8
Chris Kappler  United States Royal Kaliber 4 0 4 8
Kevin Babington  Ireland Carling King 4 1 3 8
9 Juan Carlos García  Italy Albin III 8 0 1 9
10 Thomas Velin  Denmark Carnute 4 2 4 10
Otto Becker  Germany Dobels Cento 4 0 6 10
12 Eugenie Angot  France Cigale du Taillis 0 1 10 11
13 Antonis Petris  Greece Gredo la Daviere 8 0 4 12
Wim Schröder  Netherlands Montreal 8 0 4 12
Peder Fredericson  Sweden Magic Bengtsson 4 0 8 12
Malin Baryard  Sweden Butterfly Flip 4 0 8 12
17 Jessica Kürten  Ireland Castle Forbes Maike 0 0 13 13
18 Rodrigo Pessoa  Brazil Baloubet du Rouet 8 1 5 14
19 Christian Ahlmann  Germany Cöster 8 0 8 16
Leopold van Asten  Netherlands Fleche Rouge 8 0 8 16
21 Florian Angot  France First de Launay 8 1 8 17
Christina Liebherr  Switzerland No Mercy 8 0 9 17
McLain Ward  United States Sapphire 8 0 9 17
Fabio Crotta  Switzerland Mme Pompadour M 4 0 13 17
Jos Lansink  Belgium Cumano 0 0 17 17
Gerco Schröder  Netherlands Monaco 4 0 13 17
27 Bruno Chimirri  Italy Landknecht 4 1 13 18
28 Peter Eriksson  Sweden Cardento 8 2 9 19
29 Daniel Meech  New Zealand Diagonal 0 1 19 20
Ludo Philippaerts  Belgium Parco 16 0 4 20
Dirk Demeersman  Belgium Clinton 8 0 12 20
Stanny van Paesschen  Belgium O de Pomme 8 0 12 20
33 Robert Smith  Great Britain Mr Springfield 8 1 12 21
Hwang Soon-Won  South Korea C.Chap 4 2 15 21
Markus Fuchs  Switzerland Tinka's Boy 12 1 8 21
36 Cian O'Connor  Ireland Waterford Crystal 8 1 13 22
37 Martín Dopazo  Argentina Furka du Village 8 0 16 24
Yuka Watanabe  Japan Nike 16 2 6 24
Peter Wylde  United States Fein Cera 12 0 12 24
40 Rossen Raitchev  Bulgaria Medoc II 8 0 17 25
41 Steve Guerdat  Switzerland Olympic 0 2 26 28
Álvaro Alfonso de Miranda Neto  Brazil Countdown 23 12 0 16 28
43 Woo Jung-Ho  South Korea Seven Up 16 0 14 30
44 Ian Millar  Canada Promise Me 8 2 21 31
Sohn Bong-Gak  South Korea Cim Christo 4 1 26 31
46 Vladimir Tuganov  Russia Leroy Brown 8 1 23 32
Vincenzo Chimirri  Italy Delfi Platiere 12 0 20 32
48 Grant Cashmore  New Zealand Franklins Flyte 20 1 12 33
49 Luciana Diniz  Brazil Mariachi 16 0 18 34
50 Kamal Bahamdan  Saudi Arabia Casita 12 0 24 36
51 Taizo Sugitani  Japan Lamalushi 8 1 28 37
Grzegorz Kubiak  Poland Djane des Fontenis 16 1 20 37
Joo Jung-Hyun  South Korea Epsom Gesmeray 8 2 27 37
54 Federico Fernandez  Mexico Behomio 8 16 1 21 38
55 Ibrahim Bisharat  Jordan Qwinto 20 0 22 42
56 Roberto Arioldi  Italy Dime de la Cour 20 1 27 48
57 Ramzy Al-Duhami  Saudi Arabia Fall Khaeer 28 0 26 54
58 Marcela Lobo  Mexico Joskin 16 1 41 58
Guy Thomas  New Zealand Madison 28 1 29 58
60 Hannah Mytilinaiou  Greece Santana 20 6 39 65
61 Bernardo Alves  Brazil Canturo Eliminated
62 Eric Navet  France Dollar du Murier Retired
Tadayoshi Hayashi  Japan Swanky Retired
Andre Sakakini  Egypt Casper Retired
Danae Tsatsou  Greece Roble Z Retired
Gustavo Hernández Leyva  Mexico Minotauro Retired
Bruce Goodin  New Zealand Braveheart Retired
Mark Watring  Puerto Rico Sapphire Retired
Gregorio Werthein  Argentina Calwaro El Retired
Emmanouela Athanassiades  Greece Rimini Z Retired
Tim Amitrano  Australia Mr Innocent Retired

Final round[edit]

Round A[edit]

Beezie Madden was assessed her first penalties of the event in the fourth round. Unfortunately for her but fortunately for many of the other pairs, all the scores had reset after the third qualifying round.

Rider Country Horse Penalties Total
penalties
Jump Time
1 Jessica Kürten  Ireland Castle Forbes Maike 0 0 0
Nick Skelton  Great Britain Arko III 0 0 0
3 Daniel Meech  New Zealand Diagonal 0 1 1
4 Cian O'Connor  Ireland Waterford Crystal 4 0 4
Ludo Philippaerts  Belgium Parco 4 0 4
Wim Schröder  Netherlands Montreal 4 0 4
Thomas Velin  Denmark Carnute 4 0 4
Chris Kappler  United States Royal Kaliber 4 0 4
Marco Kutscher  Germany Montender 4 0 4
10 Sohn Bong-Gak  South Korea Cim Christo 4 1 5
11 Bruno Chimirri  Italy Landknecht 4 2 6
12 Joo Jung-Hyun  South Korea Epsom Gesmeray 8 0 8
Taizo Sugitani  Japan Lamalushi 8 0 8
Vincenzo Chimirri  Italy Delfi Platiere 8 0 8
Ian Millar  Canada Promise Me 8 0 8
Álvaro Alfonso de Miranda Neto  Brazil Countdown 23 8 0 8
Martín Dopazo  Argentina Furka du Village 8 0 8
Hwang Soon-Won  South Korea C.Chap 8 0 8
Robert Smith  Great Britain Mr Springfield 8 0 8
Dirk Demeersman  Belgium Clinton 8 0 8
McLain Ward  United States Sapphire 8 0 8
Christina Liebherr  Switzerland No Mercy 8 0 8
Rodrigo Pessoa  Brazil Baloubet du Rouet 8 0 8
Peder Fredericson  Sweden Magic Bengtsson 8 0 8
Otto Becker  Germany Dobels Cento 8 0 8
Juan Carlos García  Italy Albin III 8 0 8
Kevin Babington  Ireland Carling King 8 0 8
Rolf-Göran Bengtsson  Sweden Mac Kinley 8 0 8
Ludger Beerbaum  Germany Goldfever 8 0 8
30 Jos Lansink  Belgium Cumano 12 0 12
Leopold van Asten  Netherlands Fleche Rouge 12 0 12
Malin Baryard  Sweden Butterfly Flip 12 0 12
Gert-Jan Bruggink  Netherlands Joel 12 0 12
Beezie Madden  United States Authentic 12 0 12
35 Vladimir Tuganov  Russia Leroy Brown 12 1 13
36 Fabio Crotta  Switzerland Mme Pompadour M 16 0 16
Antonis Petris  Greece Gredo la Daviere 16 0 16
Eugenie Angot  France Cigale du Taillis 16 0 16
39 Yuka Watanabe  Japan Nike 12 5 17
40 Luciana Diniz  Brazil Mariachi 20 0 20
Grant Cashmore  New Zealand Franklins Flyte 20 0 20
Florian Angot  France First de Launay 20 0 20
43 Rossen Raitchev  Bulgaria Medoc II 20 1 21
44 Grzegorz Kubiak  Poland Djane des Fontenis 24 0 24
45 Kamal Bahamdan  Saudi Arabia Casita 24 1 25
46 Markus Fuchs  Switzerland Tinka's Boy Retired

Round B[edit]

The 18-way tie for twelfth place resulted in 29 pairs advancing to the second round of the final. A jump-off was required to break the tie for the silver medal. Royal Kaliber, an American horse ridden by Chris Kappler, was injured during the jump-off and the pair halted. Despite the injury, they received bronze medals. Rodrigo Pessoa and his horse Baloubet du Rouet earned 4 penalties in the jump-off, completing the course in 49.42 seconds.

Rider Country Horse Penalties Round A
penalties
Total
penalties
Jump Time
1 Cian O'Connor  Ireland Waterford Crystal 0 0 4 4
2 Rodrigo Pessoa  Brazil Baloubet du Rouet 0 0 8 8
Chris Kappler  United States Royal Kaliber 4 0 4 8
4 Marco Kutscher  Germany Montender 4 1 4 9
5 Robert Smith  Great Britain Mr Springfield 4 0 8 12
Dirk Demeersman  Belgium Clinton 4 0 8 12
Peder Fredericson  Sweden Magic Bengtsson 4 0 8 12
Kevin Babington  Ireland Carling King 4 0 8 12
Rolf-Göran Bengtsson  Sweden Mac Kinley 4 0 8 12
Ludo Philippaerts  Belgium Parco 8 0 4 12
11 Thomas Velin  Denmark Carnute 8 1 4 13
Nick Skelton  Great Britain Arko III 12 1 0 13
13 Daniel Meech  New Zealand Diagonal 12 1 1 14
14 Christina Liebherr  Switzerland No Mercy 8 1 8 17
15 Sohn Bong-Gak  South Korea Cim Christo 12 1 5 18
16 Taizo Sugitani  Japan Lamalushi 12 0 8 20
Juan Carlos García  Italy Albin III 8 4 8 20
Ludger Beerbaum  Germany Goldfever 12 0 8 20
19 Otto Becker  Germany Dobels Cento 12 1 8 21
Jessica Kürten  Ireland Castle Forbes Maike 20 1 0 21
21 Bruno Chimirri  Italy Landknecht 16 1 6 23
22 Hwang Soon-Won  South Korea C.Chap 16 0 8 24
23 Martín Dopazo  Argentina Furka du Village 16 1 8 25
24 Ian Millar  Canada Promise Me 20 2 8 30
25 Joo Jung-Hyun  South Korea Epsom Gesmeray Eliminated
Vincenzo Chimirri  Italy Delfi Platiere Eliminated
Álvaro Alfonso de Miranda Neto  Brazil Countdown 23 Eliminated
Wim Schröder  Netherlands Montreal Eliminated
29 McLain Ward  United States Sapphire Retired
Silver medal jump-off[edit]
Rider Country Horse Penalties Time (s)
1 Rodrigo Pessoa  Brazil Baloubet du Rouet 4 49.42
2 Chris Kappler  United States Royal Kaliber Retired

Doping test[edit]

On 8 October 2004, the International Federation for Equestrian Sports (FEI) announced that the A-samples from four Olympic horses had failed doping control, and the Equestrian Federation of Ireland said one of these was Cian O'Connor's horse, Waterford Crystal.[1] The urine B-sample went missing en route to a testing laboratory, prompting a flurry of media interest.[2][3] On 9 November, testing of the blood B-sample confirmed traces of fluphenazine and zuclopenthixol.[3] On 27 March 2005, the FEI gave a ruling disqualifying O'Connor and banning him from competition for three months, while accepting his contention that the drugs were administered by a vet as part of a sedative for a leg injury and were not with intent to enhance performance.[4] O'Connor decided not to appeal and began his suspension on 11 April 2005.[5] He was formally stripped of his medal at the end of the appeal window, on 3 July 2005.[6]

Revised medals[edit]

Rodrigo Pessoa was presented with his gold medal in August 2005 at a ceremony on Copacabana Beach.[7] The revised medal positions are:[7]

Rider Horse Penalties Round A
penalties
Total
penalties
Jump Time
1st, gold medalist(s)  Rodrigo Pessoa (BRA) Baloubet du Rouet 0 0 8 8
2nd, silver medalist(s)  Chris Kappler (USA) Royal Kaliber 4 0 4 8
3rd, bronze medalist(s)  Marco Kutscher (GER) Montender 4 1 4 9

References[edit]

General

Specific
  1. ^ "Medallist's horse failed doping test". RTÉ.ie. 8 October 2004. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "O'Connor 'B' sample goes missing". BBC Online. 1 November 2004. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Passino, Carla (9 November 2004). "O'Connor's B sample tests positive". Horse & Hound. Archived from the original on 24 April 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "O'Connor loses Olympic gold medal". RTÉ.ie. 27 March 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "O'Connor not to appeal FEI ruling". RTÉ.ie. 7 April 2005. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  6. ^ Associated Press (3 July 2005). "Medal to go to Brazil after O'Connor opts against appeal". NewsBank. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Associated Press (29 August 2005). "Brazilian show jumper gets Olympic gold". USA Today. Retrieved 30 July 2012.