Equipment of the Finnish Army
Armour and other vehicles
|Germany||Main Battle Tank||20 (100)
Total 120 (200)
|Finland has agreed to purchase 100 used Leopard 2A6 tanks from the Netherlands. The first 20 vehicles arrived in Finland on 14 May 2015. The remaining 80 vehicles will be delivered between 2016 and 2019.|
|Infantry fighting vehicles|
|CV-9030 FIN||Sweden||Infantry Fighting Vehicle||102|
|BMP-2||Soviet Union||Infantry Fighting Vehicle||94||All vehicles will be modernized with thermal imaging and Polish multi-spectral camouflage Berberys-R between 2015 and 2019.|
|Armoured personnel carriers (tracked)|
|MT-LBV||Soviet Union||Armoured personnel carrier||389|
|Armoured personnel carriers (wheeled)|
|Patria AMV XA-360||Finland||Armoured personnel carrier||62||With Protector (RWS) remote weapon station.|
|Sisu Pasi XA-180/185
Sisu Pasi XA-202
Sisu Pasi XA-203 OWS
|Finland||Armoured personnel carrier||260
|70 vehicles built in the 1980s will be modernized between 2014 and 2017. A further 210 vehicles may be modernized between 2017 and 2021.|
|Daimler Mercedes-Benz G300
Mercedes-Benz Geländewagen 270 CDI
|Germany||Armoured Utility Vehicle|
|Land Rover Defender 110||United Kingdom||Utility Vehicle|
|Toyota Hilux||Japan||Pickup truck|
|BV206S||Sweden||Tracked articulated all-terrain transport vehicle||~20||Some were included in the a joint purchase from Norway and Sweden (two batches, 123 in 2012 and another 171 in 2013).|
|BV206 D6N||Sweden||Tracked articulated all-terrain transport vehicle||~400||Some 274 have recently been purchased from Norway in two batches (123 in 2012 and another 171 in 2013).|
|Sisu NA-120 GT
Sisu NA-12 GT KV1
|Finland||Tracked articulated, all-terrain transport vehicle||~250||All vehicles will be sold off by 2017.|
|Lynx GLX 5900|| Finland
|Polaris Sportsman 500/800 EFI
|Military engineering vehicles|
|Leopard 2L|| Germany
|Leopard 2R|| Germany
|BLG-60M2|| East Germany
|Sisu E15TP Leguan|| Germany
|Sisu RA-140 DS||Finland||Mine clearance vehicle|
|Field gun/Towed howitzer|
|155 K 98||Finland||Field gun||54||Supports readiness brigades with indirect fire. Equipped with an auxiliary power unit|
|155 K 83-97||Finland||Field gun||107||Provides indirect fire support for various units and is used to form heavy artillery battalions under direct supreme HQ command.|
|152 K 89||Soviet Union||Field gun||24||Provides indirect fire support for Jaeger and infantry brigades as well as battlegroups.|
|130 K 54||Soviet Union||Field gun||76||130 mm towed field gun, also used by the coastal artillery.|
|122 H 63||Soviet Union||Towed howitzer||471||The main artillery support of Jaeger and infantry brigades as well as battlegroups.|
|122 PSH 74||Soviet Union||Self-propelled howitzer||72||Supports mechanized and motorized battlegroups with indirect fire.|
|Multiple rocket launcher|
|298 RSRAKH 06
Driver training vehicle
|Used for long-range strikes against enemy reserves, command posts, and combat support organizations up to operational depth at the point of main effort.|
|122 RAKH 89 M1||Czechoslovakia||MLRS||34||Czech 122 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher, originally 36 units bought from East German stocks. Used to support mechanised and motorised units.|
|BMP-1TJ||Soviet Union||Forward observation vehicle||10|
|NASAMS II FIN||Norway||Surface-to-air missile system||24||Medium-range, mobile air-defence system that holds six AIM-120 C-7 AMRAAM missiles at ready. They are primarily used to protect the Capital Region. Also known as ITO 12.|
|ITO 05 (ASRAD-R)
ITO 05M (MANPADS)
|Surface-to-air missile system||16
|ITO 05 is a short-range, mobile air-defence system that holds four RBS 70 missiles at ready and protects the readiness brigades as well as the Capital Region. Every ITO 05 launch unit is paired with a ITO 05M MANPADS. ITO 05M also protects the readiness brigades' Jaeger and armoured battalions.|
|ITO 90M (Crotale NG)||France||Surface-to-air missile system||20||Short-range, mobile all-weather weapon system that holds eight VT-1 missiles at ready and is used to protect targets and troops vital to national defence.|
|ITO 15||United States||MANPADS||200||FIM-92F Stinger-RMP Block I missiles. Surplus Stinger-missiles were brought from Denmark to be used for training purposes.|
|35 ItK 88||Switzerland||Twin-barreled AA autocannon||16||Originally 35 ItK 58. 35 ItK 88 is a modernized Oerlikon KD that incorporates features such as a digital fire-control system, automatic re-loading and, since the 2000s, a new radar system.|
|23 ItK 95
23 ItK 61 (ZU-23-2)
|Soviet Union||Twin-barreled AA autocannon||45
|Commonly known as "Sergei". ItK 95 is a modernized variant, where the gun is gyro-stabilized and has an auxiliary power unit, a laser range finder and a digital fire-control system.|
|ITPSV 90 Marksman||United Kingdom||Self-propelled, twin-barreled AA autocannon
|The T-55AM chassis will be replaced with a Leopard 2A4 chassis in 2015.|
- Sisu E13TP - 8×8 Finland heavy transport (60 vehicles)
- Sisu E11T - 8×8 Finland heavy transport
- Tatra 815 - 8×8 Czech Republic heavy truck
- Mercedes-Benz Actros 3553 - 8×4 Germany heavy truck
- Mercedes-Benz Actros 4160 - 8×4 heavy truck (5 vehicles)
- Sisu SM312 - 8×4 Finland
- Scania P144G - 8×4 Sweden
- Scania P164C - 8×4 Sweden
- Scania P164G - 8×4 Sweden
- Scania R480 - 8×4 Sweden
- Scania R500 - 8×4 Sweden
- Scania P420 - 6×4 Sweden
- Scania 114C - 6×4 Sweden
- Scania 114G - 6×4 Sweden
- Scania 124G - 6×4 Sweden
- Scania 164G - 6×4 Sweden
- Scania G480 - 6×4 Sweden
- Mercedes-Benz Actros 2741 - 6×6 Germany
- Sisu E11T - 6×6 Finland
- Sisu SA-240 Rasi - 6×6 Finland
- Sisu SA-241 Rasi - 6×6 Finland
- Sisu Kontio - 6×2 Finland
- Sisu SK-250 - 6×2 Finland
- DAF YAD4442 - 4×4 Netherlands
- DAF YAS4442 - 4×4 Netherlands
- Mercedes-Benz Atego 1018 - 4×4 Germany
- Mercedes-Benz Atego 1323 - 4×4 Germany
- Mercedes-Benz Atego 1623 - 4×4 Germany
- Sisu A2045 - 232 4×4 Finland vehicles for delivery 2009-2010 with an option for an additional 240 vehicles to be bought after 2010.
- Sisu SA-130 Masi - 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SA-150 Masi - 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SA-151 Masi - 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SL171 - 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SK181 MIL - 4×4 Finland
- Sisu SA-110 Sammakko - 4×4 Finland armoured truck manufactured between A-45 and Sisu SA-151 (only some 6 produced and used in UN missions)
- Sisu Karhu - 4×2 Finland
- Scania P380 - 4×4 Sweden
|9.00 PIST 2008 (Glock 17)||Austria||Pistol||Specially made RTF2 checkering texture around the grip, 20 N (4.5 lbf) trigger pull, self illuminating tritium sights and a 17+1-round magazine.|
|9.00 PIST 2003 (P99)||Germany||Pistol||Special forces and military police.|
|9.00 PIST 80-91 (FN HP-DA)||Belgium||Pistol|
|9.00 PIST SIG Sauer||Germany||Pistol||Peace-keepers and military marching bands.|
|7.62 RK 62
7.62 RK 76
|Finland||Assault rifle||350,000||Will be supplemented by RK 62M|
|7.62 RK 95 TP
||Finland||Assault rifle||20,000||Modernized standard assault rifle|
|7.62 RK 72 TP||East Germany||Assault rifle||East German-made AKMS (MPi-KMS-72). Purchased in the 1990s in large numbers for reserve troops. Folding stock version is used by various tank, APC and IFV crewmen.|
|7.62 RK 56 and 7.62 RK 56 TP||China||Assault rifle||Chinese-made copies of the AK-47, purchased in the 1990s in large numbers for reserve troops, but not commonly used.|
|Heckler & Koch G36||Germany||Assault rifle||Operated by the border guards rapid response unit.|
|FN SCAR||Belgium||Assault rifle||300-500||Used by special forces|
|12 HAUL REM 870||United States||Shotgun||Standard shotgun.|
|8.6 TKIV 2000||Finland||Sniper rifle|
|7.62 TKIV 85||Finland||Sniper rifle|
|7.62 TKIV Dragunov||Soviet Union||Sniper rifle|
|12.7 TKIV 2000||United States||Sniper rifle|
|12.7 TKIV 2000||United States||Sniper rifle|
|9.00 KP 2000 (MP5)||Germany||Submachine gun||Special forces.|
|7.62 KK PKM
7.62 KK PKT
|Soviet Union||General-purpose machine gun||Standard general-purpose machine gun. 7.62 KK PKT is used in all IFV's in the Finnish army.|
|7.62 KVKK 62||Finland||Light machine gun||Being gradually replaced by PKM.|
|12.7 ITKK 96||Soviet Union||Anti-aircraft machine gun||Standard heavy machine gun|
|12.7 RSKK 2005||United States||Heavy machine gun||Found on the Patria AMV's Kongsberg weapon turrets.|
|7.62 KK MG3||Germany||General-purpose machine gun||Light armament on Leopard 2 tanks and NH90 helicopters.|
|M134D-H Minigun||United States||Minigun||Used as light armament on NH90 helicopters by the Utti Jaeger Brigade.|
|40 KRKK 2005||Germany||Grenade machine gun|
|40 KRPIST 2002||Germany||Grenade launcher|
|AMOS-FIN (XA 361)|| Finland
|Mortar carrier||18||120mm twin-barrel mortar on a Patria AMV platform.|
|120 KRH 92||Finland||Mortar (weapon)||698|
|81 KRH 71 Y||Finland||Mortar|
|102 RSLPSTOHJ NLAW|| Sweden
|Anti-tank weapon||1,500||Disposable, man-portable, short range fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile system. More NLAW-missiles will be delivered from Sweden 2015-2016.|
|140 launch units for anti-tank purpose MR version. 18 ER version launchers for anti-ship use. 300 Spike-MR missiles and 400 Spike-ER missiles.|
|PSTOHJ 83 MA (BGM-71E)
PSTOHJ 83 MB (BGM-71F)
|United States||Anti-tank missile|
|112 RSKES APILAS||France||Anti-tank weapon||Portable one-shot 112 mm recoilless anti-tank weapon. Colloquially known as jumppaputki ("Gym tube")|
|66 KES 12 (M72 EC LAW Mk.I)
66 KES 88
66 KES 12 RAK (M72 ASM RC)
|United States||Anti-tank weapon
||Colloquially known as kessi.|
|95 S 58-61||Finland||Anti-tank weapon||<1,000||95mm recoilless anti-tank weapon. Colloquially known as musti ("Blackie"); the weapon makes a loud, distinctly dog bark-like sound when fired.|
|VP 2010||Finland||Directional fragmentation weapon||Anti-personnel command-detonated directional fragmentation weapon with 1.3 kg FPX explosive.|
|VP 84||Austria||Anti-vehicle mine||Anti-vehicle directional fragmentation mine with 11.5 kg explosive. Used against lightly armored vehicles.|
|TM 65 77||Finland||Anti-tank mine||Pressure detonated blast mine with 9.5 kg TNT.|
|Moniherätepanssarimiina 12||Finland/ East Germany||Anti-tank mine||High explosive mine using either East German made TM-62 explosive or new compatible Finnish explosive part and a Finnish multiple sensor detonator.|
|POM 87 94||Finland||Anti-tank mine||Shaped charge mine with 4 kg explosive.|
|KP 87||Finland||Anti-vehicle mine||Off-route EFP anti-vehicle mine with 1.6 kg explosive.|
The NH90 TTH (Tactical Transport Helicopters) is the main type of transport helicopters used, having replaced Soviet Mi-8s. The Army also uses Hughes 500 D and E helicopters in reconnaissance and training roles. The Finnish Army has 11 unmanned reconnaissance airplanes (RUAG Ranger), which are used for reconnaissance and artillery targeting purposes. The Finnish Army is also field testing Patria's new mini-UAV.
|NHI NH90||Transport Helicopter||NH90 TTH||20|
|MD Helicopters MD 500||Utility Helicopter||MD 500D
|RUAG Ranger||Unmanned Reconnaissance||11|
|Aeronautics Defense Orbiter||Unmanned Reconnaissance||55 to be delivered|
- "Annual Exchange of Military Information (AEMI) 2016" (PDF) (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "Ensimmäiset Leopard 2A6 -panssarit saapuivat Suomeen" (in Finnish). Yle. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- "Suomi modernisoi noin 100 rynnäkköpanssarivaunua" (in Finnish). Helsingin Sanomat. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
- "Ensimmäinen modernisoitu Pasi tulee maavoimien käyttöön perjantaina" (in Finnish). Helsingin Sanomat. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Puolustusvoimat hankkii käytettyjä telakuorma-autoja Norjasta" (in Finnish). Yle. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- International Institute for Strategic Studies: The Military Balance 2015, p.89
- "Puolustusvoimat > Ajankohtaista > Tiedotteet "Puolustusvoimat hankkii raketinheitinajoneuvoja Tanskasta"" (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Annual Exchange of Military Information (AEMI) 2016" (PDF) (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "SIPRI Arms Transfers Database Trade Register". Stockholm Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
- "Stinger-patterin koulutus alkoi" (in Finnish). Helsingin Sanomat. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- Panssariseminaari 2009
- Blomberg, Olli (2006). "Puolustuksellistakin painoarvoa". Suomalaista Sisua vuodesta 1931 – Monialaosaajasta kuorma-autotehtaaksi (in Finnish). Karjaa: Oy Sisu Auto Ab. p. 304. ISBN 952-91-4918-2.
- Armeija ostaa erikoisjoukoille Nato-yhteensopivat rynnäkkökiväärit. Helsingin Sanomat, 20 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-22.
- "Puolustusvoimien uusi ase: M134D ”Minigun”". Uusi Suomi. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Puolustusvoimat hankkii panssarintorjuntaohjuksia Ruotsista" (in Finnish). Finnish Ministry of Defence. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- "Maavoimat hankkii käytettyjä panssarintorjuntaohjusjärjestelmän ampumalaitteita Hollannista" (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "Viuhkapanos VP 2010" (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "Viuhkapanos VP 84" (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "Telamiina TM 65 77" (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "Karjalan Prikaatin Kilpi 1/2013" (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "Keski-Suomen Maanpuolustaja 3/2012" (PDF) (in Finnish). Keski-Suomen reservipiirit. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "Pohjamiina POM 87 94" (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "Kylkipanos KP 87" (in Finnish). Finnish Defence Forces. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
- Mononen, Tomi (December 2009). "MD500-huoltokoulutushelikopteri tutkimus" (PDF). p. 79. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- "Finland to Field Israeli Orbiter UAVs". Defense Industry Daily. 2 May 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2014.