Equipment of the Royal Malaysian Navy

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The equipment of the Royal Malaysian Navy can be subdivided into: vessels, aircraft, munitions, radar, small arms, vehicles, and attire.

Current ships[edit]

All RMN ships carry the prefix KD (Malay: Kapal Di-Raja, literally "Royal Ship"), which is equivalent to "His Majesty's Ship" in English. The training vessel Tunas Samudra, however, carries a KLD prefix (Kapal Layar Di-Raja) to mean "His Majesty's Sailing Ship".

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Submarines
Scorpéne Scorpene Tunku Abdul Rahman.jpg Attack Submarine KD Tunku Abdul Rahman
KD Tun Abdul Razak
 France 2 Armament:
Frigates
Maharaja Lela Egyptian Navy Gowind corvette El Fateh (971).jpg Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) KD Maharaja Lela[1]
KD Syarif Masahor[1]
KD Raja Mahadi[1]
KD Mat Salleh[2]
[to be determined]
[to be determined]
 France
 Malaysia
2+(4) Delivery schedule starting in 2019.[3][4][5][4][6][7]
Armament:[8]
Lekiu RAN-IFR 2013 D3 143.JPG Frigate KD Jebat
KD Lekiu
 UK 2 Armament:[11]
Corvettes
Kasturi KDKasturi.jpg Corvette KD Kasturi
KD Lekir
 Germany 2 Armament:[12]
Laksamana Sandakan Sabah Laksamana-Muhammad-Amin-01.jpg Corvette KD Laksamana Hang Nadim
KD Laksamana Tun Abdul Jamil
KD Laksamana Muhammad Amin
KD Laksamana Tan Pusmah
 Italy 4 Armament:[13]
Offshore Patrol Vessels
Kedah IMDEX 2007 Malaysian ship (523652840).jpg Offshore patrol vessel KD Kedah
KD Pahang
KD Perak
KD Terengganu
KD Kelantan
KD Selangor
 Germany
 Malaysia
6 Armament:[14]
Keris Littoral Mission Ship (LMS) KD Keris[15]
[to be determined]
[to be determined]
[to be determined]
 China
 Malaysia
2+(2) Delivery schedule starting in 2019.[16][17]

Armament:Including guns,missiles and torpedo according to role.

Fast attack crafts
Perdana Teniente Orella LM37.jpg Missile boat KD Perdana
KD Serang
KD Ganas
KD Ganyang
 France 4 Armament:[18]
Handalan 20080702-Faliron-P73-Pezopoulos (cropped).jpg Missile boat KD Handalan
KD Perkasa
KD Pendekar
KD Gempita
 Sweden 4 Armament:[19]
Jerung ARA Intrepida (P 85).jpg Gunboat KD Jerung
KD Todak
KD Paus
KD Yu
KD Baung
KD Pari
 Germany 6 Armament:[20]
Keris Sandakan Sabah Naval-Base-KD-Sri-Perlis-01.jpg Gunboat KD Sri Perlis
KD Sri Johor
 UK 2 Armament:[21]
Sri Tiga Fast troop vessel KD Sri Tiga
KD Sri Gaya
 Malaysia 2 Armament:
  • 1 x 20mm gun
CB90 ARM Armelnath 1.jpg Fast assault craft Tempur 11
Tempur 12
Tempur 13
Tempur 14
Tempur 15
Tempur 21
Tempur 22
Tempur 23
Tempur 24
Tempur 25
Tempur 32
Tempur 33
Tempur 34
Tempur 41
Tempur 42
Tempur 43
Tempur 44
 Sweden 17
Mines counter-measure vessels
Mahamiru MM Crotone M5558.jpg Minesweeper KD Mahamiru
KD Jerai
KD Ledang
KD Kinabalu
 Italy 4
Amphibious warfare ships/Multi-purpose support ships/Auxiliary ships
Sri Indera Sakti KD Sri Indera Sakti-2.jpg Multi-purpose support ship KD Sri Indera Sakti
KD Mahawangsa
 Germany 2
Bunga Mas Lima Auxiliary ship KA Bunga Mas Lima
KA Bunga Mas Enam
 Malaysia 2 132m ship with combat and support capabilities.
Tun Azizan Auxiliary ship KA Tun Azizan  Malaysia 1 102m ship with combat and support capabilities.[22]
Submarine rescue ships
Mega Bakti Submarine rescue ship MV Mega Bakti  Singapore 1
Training ships
Gagah Samudera Training ship KD Gagah Samudera
KD Teguh Samudera
 South Korea
 Malaysia
2
Tunas Samudera Tunas Samudera.jpg Training ship KLD Tunas Samudera  UK 1
Hydrographic survey vessels
Perantau Hydro ship KD Perantau  Germany 1
Dayang Sari Hydro ship MV Dayang Sari  Malaysia 1
Aishah Hydro ship MV Aishah  Malaysia 1 [23]

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Image Version Type Origin Quantity Notes
Helicopters
Westland Lynx
A Royal Malaysian Navy Super Lynx helicopter prepares to land on the flight deck of the littoral combat ship USS Freedom (LCS 1) in the South China Sea during landing qualifications June 18, 2013, as part 130618-N-PD773-083.jpg
Super Lynx 300 Anti-submarine warfare  UK 6 Equipped with torpedoes or MBDA Sea Skua anti-ship missile and also use as OTHT.
Eurocopter Fennec
Fennec3H131COAN.jpg
AS 555SN Surface surveillance  France 6 Combat and OTHT capable.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
Scan Eagle
US Navy 1005268-N-RC844-159 A Scan Eagle Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).jpg
Patrol UAV  USA 12 Transferred from USA.[24]

Munitions[edit]

Helicopter/ship missiles and ship/submarine torpedoes[edit]

Model Image Type Origin Quantity Notes
Air-to-surface missile (ASM) and surface-to-air missile (SAM)
Sea Skua US Navy 020312-N-6077T-004 Sea Skua Anti-Ship missile.jpg Air-to-surface missile  UK 50[25] Used by Westland Lynx helicopter.[26][27]
Aspide Misil Aspide.jpg Surface-to-air missile  Italy 18 Used by Laksamana class corvette.[28][29]
MICA MICA P6230072.JPG Point defence missile system, surface-to-air missile  France unknown To be installed on Maharaja Lela class frigate/SGPV.[30]
Sea Wolf Defence Imagery - Missiles 10.jpg Guided missile system, surface-to-air missile  UK 65[25] Used by Lekiu class frigate.[31][32][33]
Anti-ship missile (AShM) and land-attack missile (LACM)
NSM NSM PICT0001.JPG Anti-ship and land-attack missile  Norway 100 (ordered)[25] To be installed on Maharaja Lela class frigate/SGPV.[30]
Exocet ExocetVersions.JPG Anti-ship missile  France 50[25] MM40 Block 2. Used by Lekiu class frigate and Kasturi class corvette.[33][34]
Otomat Otomat Mk 2 MGP 2007.jpg Anti-ship and coastal attack  Italy 48[25] Otomat Mk 2. Used by Laksamana class corvette.[29]
Torpedoes
A244-S Torpedo  Italy 75[25] Used by Lekiu class frigate,Kasturi class corvette and Laksamana class corvette.[35][36]
Black Shark Torpedo  Italy 30[25] Used by Scorpene class submarine.[37]
Exocet ExocetVersions.JPG Torpedo  France 40[25] SM39. Used by Scorpene class submarine.[38]

Radar[edit]

Model Image Type Origin Quantity Notes
Radar
Thales Nederland SMART-S Mk.II Smart-s cropped.jpg Search radar  Netherlands 6 Installed on Maharaja Lela class frigate/SGPV.[39]
Ericsson SEA-GIRAFFE Sea GIRAFFE 3 D radar on Polish Corvette.PNG Search radar  Sweden 2 Installed on Lekiu class frigate.[40]
TRS-3D Korvette Braunschweig (F 260) 06.jpg Search radar  Germany 6 Installed on Kedah class corvette/NGPV.[41]

Weapons[edit]

The standard weapons of all RMN personnel is Glock 17, Heckler & Koch P9S service pistols, M4 carbines, M16 rifles and FN MAG 58 general purpose machine guns. The RMN PASKAL units are often equipped with the most common specialised firearms including combat shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, carbines, sniper rifles, light machine guns, and grenade-based weapons that are generally found in most counter-terrorist tactical teams. The following are some of the weapons of the RMN ground forces:

Model Image Type Calibre Origin Version Details
Pistols
Glock ARMS & Hunting 2012 exhibition (474-23).jpg Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Austria Glock 17
Glock 18C
Glock 19
Glock 26
Glock 34
Glock 17 is the standard service pistol for navy personnel.
Glock 18C to Glock 34 is used by PASKAL.[42]
P9 HK P9S PDRM.jpg Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Germany P9S Limited service.[42]
P11 HK P11 mit pruefgeraet.jpg Underwater Pistol 7.62×36mm  Germany P11 Used by PASKAL.[42]
P30 Heckler & Koch P30 pistol.JPG Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Germany P30 Used by PASKAL.[42]
SP1 VektorSP1.jpg Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  South Africa SP1 Limited service.[42]
Shotguns
FP6 H&KFabarmFP6entry.jpg Shotgun 12 bore  Italy FP6 Used by PASKAL.[42]
M870 M870mcs.jpg Shotgun 12-gauge  USA M870 Used by PASKAL as a breaching shotgun.[42]
M1100 Remington 1100 Tactical 8 Rounds.jpg Shotgun 12-gauge  USA M1100 Used by PASKAL.[42]
Submachine guns
MP5 HK MP5 in two versions used by PASKAL.JPG Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum  Germany MP5A5
MPK-A5
MP5N
MP5SD6
MLI
The weapon comes in multiple variants, from the standard MP5A5, MP5K-A5, MP5N and the suppressed MP5SD6. Used by PASKAL in night operations, close quarters (especially VBSS/GOPLATS), hostage rescue, and escort. A standard MP5A5 has been fitted with an RM Equipment M203PI grenade launcher.[42]
MP7 MP7A1 REMOV.jpg Submachine gun HK 4.6×30mm  Germany MP7A1
MP7A2
Used by PASKAL.[42]
P90 P90--.png Submachine gun FN 5.7×28mm  Belgium P90 Used by PASKAL.[42]
UMP HKUMP45.JPG Submachine gun .45 ACP  Germany UMP45 Used by PASKAL.[42]
Rifles
M4 PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.jpg Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO  USA
 Malaysia
M4
M4A1 SOPMOD
Standard service rifle for Malaysian Armed Forces
Equipped with SOPMOD kit features a shortened quick-detachable M203 grenade launcher and leaf sight, an Insight Technologies AN/PEQ-2A visible laser/infrared designator, along with ECOS-N optical sight (a variant of the Aimpoint CompM2) and a night vision sight. Used by PASKAL.[42]
M16 M16A1 brimob.jpg Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO  USA M16A1 Still in used reservists or ceremonial only.
AK-100 Oboronexpo2014part4-39.jpg Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO  Russia AK-101
AK-102
Used by PASKAL. Limited service.[42]
G36 GewehrAG36.jpg Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany G36C
G36E
G36KE
Used by PASKAL.[42]
HK416 HK416.jpg Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany D10RS
D14.5RS
D20RS
Used by PASKAL.[42]
M8 Xm8 sideview.jpg Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany
 USA
XM8 Compact
XM8 Carbine
XM8 AR/DMR
XM8 LMG
Used by PASKAL. Available in four variants: the XM8 Compact Carbine or PDW, XM8 Carbine, Automatic Rifle, Designated marksmen rifle and Light machine gun.[42]
Machine guns
Ameli Ameli Ejército español.jpg Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO  Spain Ameli Standard general purpose machine gun. Used by PASKAL.[42]
Minimi FN MINIMI Standard Right.jpg Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium Minimi Belt-fed but can be used with STANAG magazines. Standard squad automatic weapon. Used by PASKAL.[42]
MG4 H&KMG4.jpg Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany MG4-KE Standard squad automatic weapon, in service since 2010. Used by PASKAL.[42]
MAG Kulspruta 58 001.jpg General purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO  Belgium MAG Standard general purpose machine gun. Used by all branches of the Royal Malaysian Navy. It can be attached to both navy assault vessels and tripods.[42]
SS-77 24- Saudi Border Guards Machine Gun (My Trip To Al-Jenadriyah 32).jpg General purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO  South Africa SS-77 Standard general purpose machine gun. Mounted on PASKAL's Rigid Hull Fender Boat (RHFB).[42]
M2 M2-Catlanit002.jpg Heavy machine gun .50 BMG  USA M2HB
GAU-21
Mounted on vessels or tripods.
Anti-aircraft machine gun, mounted on navy helicopters.
Designated marksman rifle (DMR) and Sniper rifles
AR-50 ArmaLite AR50 A1 APA Accessories.jpg Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG  USA AR-50 Used by PASKAL.
AW Accuracy International AW.png Sniper rifle .308 Winchester  UK AW Used by PASKAL.[42]
AW50 AW50.png Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG  UK AW50 Standard long range and anti-materiel sniper rifle. Used by PASKAL as counter-sniper.[42]
DSR-1 AMP DSR-1 Koalorka.jpg Sniper rifle .308 Winchester  Germany DSR-1 Used by PASKAL.[42]
HK417 Heckler & Koch HK417 Sniper Rifle of PASKAL.JPG Sharpshooter rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  Germany HK417 Used by PASKAL.[42]
MSG-90 MSG 90 rifle museum 2014.jpg Sharpshooter rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  Germany MSG-90A1 Used by PASKAL.[42]
M24 M24 Rifle (7414626896).jpg Designated marksman rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  USA M40A1 Used by PASKAL.[42]
M14 M14 Stand-off Munitions Disruptor (SMUD) (7414626342).jpg Sharpshooter rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  USA M14 Limited service.[42]
RC-50 Robar RC-50 anti material sniper rifle.JPG Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG  USA RC-50F Standard long range and anti-materiel sniper rifle. Used by PASKAL as counter-sniper.[42]
Grenade-based weapons
AG36 HK AGCEGLM.jpg Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR  Germany AG36 Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher. Attached to HK416, G36 and XM8 some in stand-alone system. Used by PASKAL.[42]
M320 PEO M320 Grenade Launcher.jpg Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR  Germany M320 Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher. Attached to M4A1, HK416, G36 and XM8 some in stand-alone system. Used by PASKAL.[42]
HK GMG HK GMW.jpg Automatic grenade launcher 40x53mm  Germany GMG Has a 320rpm rate of fire and an effective range of 1,500 m (4,900 ft)-2,000 m (6,600 ft). It is used for the suppression of enemy infantry and can be mounted on PASKAL assault boats and tripods.[42]
M203 PEO M203A2 Grenade Launcher.jpg Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR  USA M203
M203A1
M203A2
M203PI
Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher. Attached to M4/M4A1 (M203A1/A2), MP5A5 (M203PI) and M16A1 (M203).[42]
Mk 3 Mk3A2 Grenade.gif HE grenade  USA Mk3A2
AN-M14 AN-M14 grenade.png Incendiary grenade  USA
Mk 141 Mod 0 Flashbang  USA
AN M18 M18 Grenade.svg Smoke grenade  USA

Attire[edit]

Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Digitalise grey camouflage RMN Digital Camouflage Pattern.jpg The Royal Malaysian Navy (Malay: Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia, TLDM) introduces the new digital camo pattern during 59th Merdeka Day Parade on 31 August 2016.
Harimau Gurun desert pattern ATM Digital Desert pattern.JPG It is a variant of Malay Tigerstripe Woodland pattern but with earth-brown stripes on a light green and sand-coloured background.
Working Dress Uniform Female RMN along with Navy PASKAL frogman strike team members during 57th NDP.JPG

Former Asset[edit]

Ships[edit]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Submarines
Agosta class OuessantBrest2005.jpg Submarine Ouessant (S623)  France 1 Used submarine transferred by French Navy to Royal Malaysian Navy.RMN operated this submarine before the commissioning of new Scorpene class submarine.Now this submarine used as museum ship.
Frigates
KD Hang Tuah (Second Generation KD Hang Tuah Labuan 20070915.jpg Frigate KD Hang Tuah (F76)  UK 1 KD Hang Tuah (F76) used as museum ship.
KD Hang Tuah (First Generation) HMS Loch Insh 1944 IWM FL 14742.jpg Frigate KD Hang Tuah (F433)  UK 1 Scrapped
KD Rahmat KD Rahmat.jpg Frigate KD Rahmat (F24)  UK 1 Scrapped
Patrol vessels
Musytari class Offshore patrol vessel KD Musytari
KD Marikh
 Malaysia 2 Transferred to Malaysian Coast Guard
Keris class Sandakan Sabah Naval-Base-KD-Sri-Perlis-01.jpg Patrol vessel KD Keris
KD Sundang
KD Badek
KD Renchong
KD Tombak
KD Lembing
KD Serampang
KD Panah
KD Kerambit
KD Beladau
KD Kelewang
KD Rentaka
 UK 12
Multi-purpose support ships/Amphibious warfare ships
KD Sri Inderapura USS Spartanburg County (LST-1192) Landing Ship Tank KD Sri Inderapura  USA 1 Scrapped
Hydrographic survey vessels
KD Mutiara Hydro ship KD Mutiara  Malaysia 1 Retired on 20 July 2018[43]

Aircraft[edit]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Helicopter
Westland Wasp Wasp XT420 606.jpg Anti-submarine warfare Wasp MK 1  UK 12

Procurement[edit]

In the late 1980s, another renovation was taken by the Royal Malaysian Navy. Four Laksamana class corvettes were purchased from Italy. These compact ships were originally built for Iraq, but were not delivered due to international sanctions put in place against Iraq. A prominent addition to the fleet were two Lekiu class frigates. Based on the YARROW F2000 design, the two 2,300-ton frigates are armed with Exocet MM40 II SSM and the Sea Wolf VLS point defence SAM system with accommodation for one Westland Super Lynx helicopter. Malaysia had planned to add new batch of Lekiu frigates but this was cancelled in August 2009. Complementing the two Lekiu frigates are two German-built Kasturi class corvettes which were delivered in the early 1980s. Royal Malaysian Navy also purchased six Kedah class OPV and a batch of Keris class littoral mission ship to boost the fleet. In addition, the construction of six new Maharaja Lela class frigate also will make the Royal Malaysian Navy as a formidable power in the region.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.malaysiandefence.com/keel-laying-ceremony-for-third-lcs/
  2. ^ http://www.malaysiandefence.com/fourth-lcs-keel-laying-ceremony/
  3. ^ http://www.malaysiandefence.com/first-lcs-launch-next-week/
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  5. ^ "Royal Malaysian Navy Releases First Official Image of its LCS-SGPV Corvette". Navy Recognition. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  6. ^ "Boustead to Build Malaysian Navy's SGPV LCSs". DCNS. Naval Today. 17 July 2014. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  7. ^ "LCS will begin operations in 2018, saya Hishammuddin". Bernama. The Borneo Post. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Malaysia's SGPV-LCS Gowind Frigates". Defense Industry Daily. 23 September 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  9. ^ "Letter of Award for NSM ships equipment with Malaysian Boustead Naval Shipyard Sdn Bhd". Navy Recognition. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
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  11. ^ "Lekiu Class, Malaysia". naval-technology.com. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  12. ^ "Kasturi Class Corvettes, Malaysia". naval-technology.com. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  13. ^ "Laksamana Class Missile Corvette, Malaysia". naval-technology.com. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  14. ^ "Kedah Class Offshore Patrol Vessels - Naval Technology". naval-technology.com. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  15. ^ http://www.malaysiandefence.com/keris-launched/
  16. ^ http://www.malaysiandefence.com/joy-to-the-world/
  17. ^ Sue-Lin Wong; Michael Martina; Jeremy Gaunt (1 November 2016). "China and Malaysia sign deals on navy vessels". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  18. ^ "KD PERDANA (3501)". Royal Malaysian Navy. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  19. ^ "KD HANDALAN (3511)". Royal Malaysian Navy. 18 November 2013. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  20. ^ "KD JERONG (3505)". Royal Malaysian Navy. 19 November 2013. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  21. ^ "KD SRI PERLIS (47)". Royal Malaysian Navy. 19 November 2013. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  22. ^ http://www.malaysiandigest.com/news/560801-tun-azizan-mobile-naval-base-deployed-to-sabah-navy-chief.html
  23. ^ "PressReader.com - Connecting People Through News". www.pressreader.com. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
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  25. ^ a b c d e f g h "Trade Registers". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
  26. ^ "Royal Malaysian Navy Orders Sea Skua". MBDA. defense-aerospace.com. 11 October 2001. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  27. ^ Ridzwan Rahmat (16 March 2015). "LIMA 2015: MBDA proposes Sea Venom for Malaysian navy's Super Lynx helicopters". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  28. ^ "TLDM berjaya uji peluru berpandu Aspide" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 4 July 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  29. ^ a b Ridzwan Rahmat; Mrityunjoy Mazumdar (27 April 2015). "Malaysian Navy mulls Chinese kit for Laksamana-class upgrades". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  30. ^ a b Dzirhan Mahadzir (22 March 2015). "LIMA 2015: Malaysia selects NSM, VL Mica for littoral combat ships". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  31. ^ "Britain Signs Through-Life Support Deal for Seawolf Missiles". Defense Industry Daily. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  32. ^ "Penembakan misil Seawolf, bukti siap siaga tinggi TLDM" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  33. ^ a b "Penembakan Misil Bersepadu TLDM dan TUDM di Laut China Selatan" (in Malay). Royal Malaysian Navy. 11 September 2014. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  34. ^ Andrew T. H. Tan (22 May 2014). The Global Arms Trade: A Handbook. Taylor & Francis. pp. 74–. ISBN 978-1-136-96953-9.
  35. ^ "Nelayan terkejut jaring tersangkut torpedo" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  36. ^ Antonia Chiam (21 January 2016). "'Sarawak waters safe from external threats'". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  37. ^ "Malaysian Navy successfully test-fires Black Shark torpedo in South China Sea". Bernama. The Malay Mail. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
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  39. ^ "Thales SMART-S Mk2 radar and CAPTAS- 2 towed sonar confirmed for Malaysia LCS program". navyrecognition.com. 18 February 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  40. ^ "Lekiu Class Frigates, Malaysia". naval-technology.com. 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  41. ^ http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/kedah-class-patrol/
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Dan, Alex (9 February 2016). "PASKAL Malaysian Special Forces Weapons". Military Factory (Small Arms). Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  43. ^ http://www.malaysiandefence.com/keel-laying-for-mmea-opvs/

External links[edit]