Equipment of the Syrian Army

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List of modern equipment of the Syrian Arab Army.[1] The vast majority of Syrian military equipment was Soviet manufactured but the organization and military doctrine of the armed forces followed a mix of French and Western influences as the Soviet Union closely guarded its operational principles and never shared them with client states.[2] The accuracy of the data is difficult to assess due to the ongoing Syrian Civil War, as weapons and vehicles are acquired and lost during battles.

Small arms[edit]

Pistols[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Makarov PM Semi-automatic pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union Пистолет Макарова.png 8-round magazine. Main service pistol of the Syrian Army.
Tokarev TT-33 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev TT 33 Pistol.jpg 8-round magazine.
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Belgium Browning High-Power 9mm IMG 1526.jpg 13-round magazine. It is the main police service pistol.

Carbines[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AKS-74U Carbine 5.45×39mm M74  Soviet Union Aks74u.jpg 30-round magazine, limited usage.[3]
9A-91 Carbine 9×39mm  Russia 9A-91.jpg 20-round magazine. Limited usage by the Syrian Army. Seen during the Rif Dimashq offensive (March–August 2013) in Qaboun.
AK-104 Carbine 7.62×39mm M43 Izhmash Rifles - AK-103 with GP-34 Grenade Launcher and AK-104.jpg 30-round magazine. With the arrival of Russian military advisers in late 2015, some Syrian Army units were equipped with AK-104s attached with telescopic sights.It largely used by Syrian Police[4]

Assault rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AK-47 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43/M67  Soviet Union AK47.jpg 30-round magazine, used mostly by National Defence Force.
AKM / AKMS Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43 Akm rifle fullstock.jpg 30-round magazine, main service rifle.
AK-74M Assault rifle 5.45×39mm M74 Ak-74mpdomain.JPG 30-round magazine, used by Airborne Special Forces.[5]
Zastava M70 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Yugoslavia Zastava M-70.jpg 30-round magazine, moderate usage by Syrian Army.
MPi-KM Assault rifle 7.62x39mm M43  East Germany MPi-Km 72.jpg 30-round magazine, moderate usage by Syrian Army.
Type 56 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  People's Republic of China Norinco type 56.jpg 30-round magazine, used mostly by National Defence Force.[6]
Sa vz. 58 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Czechoslovakia Sa 58-JH01.jpg 30-round magazine.
AMD 65 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43 People's Republic of Hungary AMD-65M behajtott válltámasszal.jpg 30-round magazine.
StG 44[7][8] Assault rifle 7.92×33mm Kurz Nazi Germany Nazi Germany Sturmgewehr 44.jpg 30-round magazine. Delivered by the CSSR, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union in the 50s. Around 5,000 captured by the opposition forces.

Sniper rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Dragunov SVD Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union SVD Dragunov.jpg 10-round magazine, main sniper rifle.
PSL Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR Romania Socialist Republic of Romania Psl sniper rifle.jpeg 10-round magazine.
Zastava M91 Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Sniper Zastava M91.jpg 10-round magazine.
Steyr SSG 69 Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  Austria Steyr SSG 69.jpg 5-round magazine.
Orsis T-5000 Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  Russia ORSIS T-5000 .308Win Sniping competition for The Armourers Day 06.jpg 5-round magazine. In late 2015, Russia supplied the Syrian Army with the Orsis T-5000.[4]
ASVK Anti-materiel rifle 12.7×108mm KSVK1.jpg 10-round detachable box magazine, limited usage.[9]
OSV-96 Anti-materiel rifle 12.7×108mm ОСВ-96 12,7-мм снайперская винтовка - МАКС-2009 02.jpg 5-round magazine.
Sayyad-2 Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG  Iran Steyr HS .50-frontal-scope.jpg Single shot bolt-action. Copy of Austrian HS .50. Limited service with Syrian Army.[4]

Light machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
RPD Light machine gun 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union 7,62 mm RPD light machine gun.JPG 100-round drum magazine, former main service LMG.
RPK Soviet RPK.JPEG 40-round magazine or 75-round magazine. Main service LMG of the Syrian Army.

Medium machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
DS-39 Degtyaryov Medium machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union DS39 machine gun 1.jpg 250-round belt. Limited service with Syrian Army, mostly in reserve.
SG-43 Goryunov SG DF-ST-86-08093.jpg 200 or 250-round belts. Limited service with Syrian Army, most common variant SGMT is mounted on T-55 tanks.

Heavy machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
DShK 1938 Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union Expomil 2005 01 TR-85M1 02 Mitraliera PKT.jpg 50-round belt, moderate usage.
KPV 14.5×114mm ZPU-1-batey-haosef-1.jpg 40-round belt, moderate usage.
NSV 12.7×108mm 12,7 NSV Turku 3.JPG 50-round belt, main service HMG of the Syrian Army.
Kord  Russia 12,7-мм пулемет Корд - Интерполитех-2011 01.jpg 50-round belt, limited usage,mostly used by Syrian Police.[9]

General-purpose machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
PKM General-purpose machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union PKM machine gun in storage.jpeg 100-round magazine, main service machine gun of the Syrian Army.
Pecheneg machine gun[10]  Russia PKP Pecheneg (1).jpg 100 and 200-round magazine, Limited usage.
Type 67  People's Republic of China ChineseType672MG.jpg Limited usage.
Type 80 VOA Arrott - A View of Syria, Under Government Crackdown 08.jpg 100-round magazine, moderate usage.

Grenades[edit]

Name Type Diameter Origin Photo Notes
F-1 Hand grenade 55mm  Soviet Union F1 grenade travmatik com 01 by-sa.jpg 4 meter kill radius, 3.5-4 second fuse.
RGD-5 58mm Grenade RGD-5 Navy.jpg Propels ~350 fragments, 5 meter kill radius, 3.2-4 second fuse.
RPG-43 Anti-tank grenade 95mm Kim Shin-jo weapons RPG43 (1).JPG 75mm RHA penetration, hard impact activates impact fuse.
RKG-3 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (183-29).jpg 170 mm RHA penetration, impact fuse.

Grenade launchers[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AGS-17 Automatic grenade launcher 30×29mm grenade  Soviet Union 30-мм автоматический гранатомет АГС-17 Пламя.jpg Belt fed with 29-round drums, high rate of fire. Seen in use by the Syrian Republican Guard.
GP-25[11] Grenade launcher 40x53mm grenade GP-30M Interpolitex-2012.jpg Single shot under-barrel grenade launcher.

Mines[edit]

Name Type Detonation Origin Photo Notes
PMN mine Anti-personnel mine Pressure  Soviet Union PMN (rechts) und PMN 2.jpeg ~240g TNT, anti-personnel blast mine.
PMD series mines PMD-6 2 (ORDATA).jpg Wooden box with a slot and detonator.
TM-35 mine Soviet TM-35 mine at the Museum on Sapun Mountain in Sevastopol.jpg 2.8 kg of TNT.
TM-38 mine Russian - TM-38 landmine.jpg Detonates when there is 440 lbs of pressure.
TM-41 mine TM-41 2 (ORDATA).jpg 3.9 kg of Amatol or TNT, short cylinder with the entire top surface being used as a pressure plate.
TM-44 mine TM-41 4 (ORDATA).jpg 5.4 kg of Amatol, broadly similar to the earlier, smaller, TM-41 mine.
TM-46 mine TM-46 AP-mine.JPEG 5.7 kg of TNT.
TM-57 mine TM-57 held with tilt fuze.jpg 6.3 kg of TNT.
TM-62 series of mines 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (183-19).jpg 7.5 kg of TNT.
TM-72 mine Magnetic influence fuse 100 mm RHA penetration, cylindrical metal-cased anti-tank mine.
TM-83 mine Seismic sensors  Russia 9.6 kg of TNT.
TM-89 mine 6.7 kg of TNT.
TMA-3 mine Pressure  Yugoslavia Panzermine TMA-3.jpg 6.5 kg of TNT.
TMA-4 mine Panzermine TMA-4.jpg 5.5 kg of TNT.
TMA-5 mine Panzermine TMA-2(A).jpg 5.5 kg of TNT.

Anti-tank[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
RPG-2 Recoilless rifle  Soviet Union RPG2 and PG2 TBiU 37.jpg PG-2 (82 mm)
RPG-7 Rocket-propelled grenade RPG-7V1 grenade launcher - RaceofHeroes-part2-22.jpg Ammunition: PG-7V (85 mm) PG-7VL (93 mm) PG-7VR (64/105mm) OG-7V (40 mm).
RPG-18 RPG-18-cutaway.JPG 64 mm.
RPG-29 RPG-29 USGov.JPG 65 mm & 105 mm.
RPG-75  Czechoslovakia
RPG-7V1 grenade launcher - RaceofHeroes-part2-22.jpg
68 mm.
M79 Osa Anti-tank rocket launcher  Yugoslavia M79-OSA.jpg 90 mm. Captured from rebel groups.
SPG-9 Recoilless rifle  Soviet Union Spg 9 from libya.jpg 73 mm.
B-10 B-10-82mm-recoilless-rifle-batey-haosef-2-1.jpg 82 mm.
B-11 B-11-107mm-recoilless-rifle-batey-haosef-2-1.jpg 107 mm.
M40  Iran Ammunition-Hill-106mm-recoilless-rifle-M40-1.jpg 106 mm.
SS.11 Anti-tank missile 486  France Ss11 01.jpg
HOT 1000  France
 West Germany
Long Range Anti-tank Weapon HOT 3 - ILA2002-clean.jpg
3M6 Shmel (AT-1 Snapper) 486  Soviet Union 2P26 Panzerabwehrraketen.JPG
3M11 Falanga (AT-2 Swatter) 200 AT-2c Swatter.JPG In storage.
9K11 Malyutka (AT-3 Sagger) 410 Malyutka.JPG Possibly in storage.[1] Used during the Syrian Civil War.
9K111 Fagot (AT-4 Spigot) 150[1] Фагот ПТРК 9К111.jpg
9M113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel) 40[1] Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg
9K115 Metis (AT-7 Saxhorn) N/A POLK 9K115 Metis.jpg
9M117 Bastion (AT-10 Stabber) 800[1] TulaStateArmsMuseum2013-26.jpg
9M119 Svir (AT-11 Sniper) N/A  Russia 9M119F1 Invar-M.jpg
9K115-2 Metis-M (AT-13 Saxhorn-2) N/A Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg Presence confirmed by use of looted 9K115-2 systems by rebels.[12]
9M133 Kornet (AT-14 Spriggan) 2500 at least [1] 9M133 Kornet.JPG
Saeghe-2s  Iran Dragon 04.jpg
Toophan Toophan Fars.jpg
BGM-71 TOW N/A  United States Jesus Christ Brigade BGM-71E.png During the April 2018 East Qalamoun offensive, dozens of TOW missiles and several TOW launchers were seized from rebel groups. They were at an ammunition storage site inside of a cave in the Al-Batra mountain range.[13]

MANPADS[edit]

Combined total of 4,000+ launchers.

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
9K32 Strela-2 (SA-7) Man portable air defence system 4,000+[1]  Soviet Union SA-7.jpg
9K34 Strela-3 (SA-14) Man portable air defence system 100[1] SA-14 missile and launch tube.jpg
9K38 Igla-1 (SA-16) Man portable air defence system N/A Igla line drawing.png
9K38 Igla (SA-18) Man portable air defence system N/A[1]  Russia SA-18 misil y lanzador.jpg
9K338 Igla-S (SA-24) Man portable air defence system N/A IGLA-S MANPADS at IDELF-2008.jpg Delivered by Russia.
FN-6 Man portable air defence system N/A  People's Republic of China Captured from rebel groups. FN-6 MANPADS were one of the heavy weaponry the rebels surrendered during their final withdrawal to the Idlib Governorate from the Northern Homs pocket.[14]

Vehicles[edit]

Tanks[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
PT-76B Amphibious light tank 100  Soviet Union Verkhnyaya Pyshma Tank Museum 2012 0181.jpg Most likely in service in the Tartus Governorate. Not seen in use during the Syrian civil war.
T-55/MV/AM/AMV Main battle tank 2,250[1] T-55 skos RB.jpg Some upgraded.[15] Around 200 destroyed, damaged, salvaged for parts or captured by anti-government insurgents since March 2011.
T-62/K/M 1,000[1] T-62 BRL.jpg Around 150 destroyed, damaged, salvaged for parts or captured by anti-government insurgents since March 2011.[16] Additional vehicles T-62M delivered by Russia.[17]
T-72/M/A/AV / TURMS-T/M1 TURMS-T / B/B obr. 1989[18]/BM/B3[19] 1,600[1] (T-72s, in 2015)
20[4] (T-72B3)
Iraqi T-72 tank fires at targets, 2010.jpg More than 1600 in 2010, many upgraded by Russia, 122 by Italy, many by the Syrians according too, around 305 destroyed. Jane's.[20][21] Approximately 300 in 2014.[22] T-72Bs as well as ones with Kontakt-5 were delivered by Russia in 2015-2016.[23]
T-90/A/AM[24] 65+[25][26]  Russia T-90-ET 2010.jpg First observed in the Southern Aleppo offensive on November 29, 2015.[27] Russia supplied T-90 1992 models and T-90As in late 2015. Russia has supplied T-90 tanks to the Tiger Forces and 4th Mechanized Division.[23][28]

Infantry fighting vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BMP-1 Infantry fighting vehicle 2,450[1]  Soviet Union Bmp-1-DMSC9112086 JPG.jpg 200 donated to Iran during the Iran–Iraq War - Around 500 destroyed, damaged and captured by anti-government insurgents since March 2011. Additional vehicles delivered by Russia.[29]
BMP-2 100[1] Czech-made BVP2 Infantry Combat Vehicles in Afghanistan.JPG Deployed in Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign, 10 lost in the civil war.

Armoured personnel carriers[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BTR-40 Armoured personnel carrier 120  Soviet Union BTR-40.jpg
BTR-50 550 BTR-50-latrun-1-2.jpg
BTR-60PB/PU-12 650 BTR-60PB NVA.JPG Most were scrapped.[30]. Others are used by police and security forces.
BTR-152 300 BTR-152-TCM-20-hatzerim-2.jpg Mostly used by Law enforcement in Syria, 7 lost in the civil war.
BVP-1 AMB-S Field ambulance 100  Soviet Union
 Czechoslovakia
BAHNA 2018 - 389.jpg Variant of the BMP-1. Deployed in the Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign in Syrian Civil War, 48 lost in the civil war.
BRDM-2 Amphibious Armoured scout car 700  Soviet Union BRDM 2 TBiU 24 2.jpg Some armed with 9K11 Malyutka ATGM.
1,200 received from the Soviet Union by 1975. Around 20 lost in the civil war.[31]. Also some are used by police forces.
BTR-70 Armoured personnel carrier N/A  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 086.jpg
BTR-80/82A 50+ Engineering Technologies - 2012 (3-14).jpg Several BTR-80s were given by Russia in 2013, more BTR-82s delivered in 2015[32]
MT-LB Armoured personnel carrier N/A RWS2017-37.jpg
BPM-97 Armoured personnel carrier  Russia KAMAZ-43269 Vystrel (BMP-97) REA-2009.jpg
OT-64 SKOT Armoured personnel carrier  Czechoslovakia
 Poland
OT-64 SKOT.jpg 300 OT-64C ordered from Czechoslovakia in 1976 and delivered between 1977 and 1979, possibly most scrapped.
Otokar Cobra Infantry mobility vehicle 1  Turkey Paradbaku98.jpg Syrian Army captured an Otokar Cobra from ISIS during the East Aleppo Offensive.[33] Before that, ISIS captured it from the Turkish military during the Battle of al-Bab.

Military engineering[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BREM-1 / BREM-2[34] Armored recovery vehicle 100  Soviet Union BREM-1 - ETIF-2010 (1).jpg Deployed in the Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign in Syrian Civil War. 4 BREM-1 and 4 BREM-2 lost in the civil war.
IMR-2 Combat engineering vehicle N/A Engineering Technologies - 2012 (5-47).jpg
UR-77 "Meteorit" Mine clearing vehicle / Explosive charge thrower N/A Openwater2016-47.jpg It was deployed during Operation Damascus Steel, the explosive charge was used to destroy trenches and enemy firing positions.[35]

Logistics and utility vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
KrAz-6322 6x6 off-road truck ~70  Ukraine bought before the war.
MAZ-7310 8×8 artillery truck 200  Soviet Union 9P117 9K72.jpg Main role is to carry the R-17 Elbrus Scud-B ballistic missile.
Ural-4320 6×6 off-road truck 500 Ural-4320 - TankBiathlon2013-33.jpg 25 Ural-4320-31 armored trucks were given by Russia to secure transport of Syria's chemical weapons arsenal.[32]
Ural-375D 6×6 4.5 ton truck 350 URAL-375D pic3.JPG Transport vehicle, another use is being a BM-21 multiple rocket launcher.
ZIL 131 6×6 3.5 ton truck 300 Interpolitex 2011 (402-47).jpg Cargo truck, also can become a BM-21 multiple rocket launcher.
ZIL-135 Artillery truck 84 ZIL135 LM vorn.JPG Main role is to carry the FROG-7 ballistic missile.
ZIL-157 6×6 2.5 ton truck 84 ZiL-157 truck in Russia.jpg
KAMAZ-43114 6×6 side truck 100  Russia 106th Guards Airborne Division (394-44).jpg 50 were given by Russia to secure transport of Syria's chemical weapons arsenal.
GAZ-66 4×4 off-road truck 200  Soviet Union ГАЗ-66 в Хабаровске.JPG Transport vehicle for motorized infantry.
GAZ-3308 4×4 utility truck 144[36]  Russia Gorky Automobile Plant in Nizhniy Novgorod (30).jpg Transport vehicle for motorized infantry.
Sinotruk Howo 4×4 side truck N/A  People's Republic of China Sinotruk Howo A7 340 2012 (15142344305).jpg Transport vehicle for motorized infantry.
UAZ-469 Military All-terrain vehicle N/A  Soviet Union Uaz-469-1.jpg
Rys LMV Infantry mobility vehicle N/A  Italy
 Russia
Iveco LMV Lynx photo002.jpg One was in use by the Tiger Forces in the Deir Hafer Plains, Aleppo province.[37]

Artillery[edit]

Mortars[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
PM-37 Mortar 200  Soviet Union Zagan 82 mm moździerz wz 37.jpg 82mm mortar.
2B9 Vasilek N/A 2B9 Vasilek mortar-4058.JPG 82mm mortar.
M1938 200 50mm Company Mortar M1938 (RM-38).jpg 120mm mortar.
PM-43 700 120 mm regimental mortar M1943.jpg 120mm mortar.
M1943 100 160mm Mortar M1943 002.jpg 160mm mortar.
M-160 200  Soviet Union 160-мм миномёт М-160.jpg 160mm mortar.
M-240 10  Soviet Union 240 mm mortar M-240-4043.JPG 240mm mortar. It was deployed during Operation Damascus Steel against militant groups in East Ghouta.[38]

Field artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
ZIS-3 Anti-tank Gun N/A  Soviet Union 76 mm divisional gun M1942 (ZiS-3) 001.jpg 76mm.
D-44 Anti-tank Gun N/A D-44-beyt-hatotchan-1.jpg 85mm.
D-48 Anti-tank Gun N/A 85-mm antitank gun D-48 left KY.jpg 85mm.
BS-3 Anti-tank Gun N/A 100 mm field gun M1944 (BS-3) 1.JPG 100mm. Probably decommissioned.
T-12 Anti-tank Gun N/A 100-мм противотанковая пушка Т-12 Рапира (2).jpg 100mm.
M-30 Howitzer 150 M30 howitzer nn 1.jpg 122mm. 21 additional M-30s were delivered by Russia to Syria in May 2017.[39]
A-19 Howitzer 100 122 mm gun (A-19) displayed at the Museum of Heroic Defense and Liberation of Sevastopol on Sapun Mountain.JPG 122mm. Probably decommissioned.
D-74 Field Gun 400 Iraqi Type 59 130 mm field gun.JPEG 122mm. Probably decommissioned.
D-30 Howitzer 600 D-30-122mm-howitzer-batey-haosef-1.jpg 122mm.
M-46 Field Gun 800 A412 130 mm M1982.JPG 130mm. Mobile version in service.[40]
D-1 Howitzer 20 Verkhnyaya Pyshma Tank Museum 2012 0016.jpg 152mm. Probably decommissioned.
ML-20 Howitzer 50 152mm howitzer-gun M1937 (ML-20 ) in Perm.jpg 152mm. Probably decommissioned.
D-20 Howitzer 20 Howitzer D-20.jpg 152mm.
Msta-B Howitzer N/A 2A65 Msta-B.JPG 152mm.
S-23[41] Howitzer 10 S-23 gun.JPG 180mm.

Self-propelled field artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
T-34/D-30 Self-propelled howitzer 50  Soviet Union
 Syria
D-30-T-34-batey-haosef-4.jpg D-30 mounted on T-34. 122mm.
2S1 Gvozdika Self-propelled howitzer 300  Soviet Union 2S1 Gvozdika.jpg 122mm, 33 lost in the civil war.
2S3 Akatsiya 100 2S3 Akatsiya.jpg 152mm, 3 lost in the civil war.
2S9 Nona N/A 2S9 Nona in Saint-Petersburg.jpg 120mm
2S4 Tyulpan Mortar carrier 24 240-mm self-propelled mortar 2B8 (SAC-2S4).JPG 240mm

Multiple launch rocket systems[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
Type 63 / Fajr1 Multiple rocket launcher 100  Iran
 China
H12 Type 63 multiple rocket launcher.JPG 107mm.
BM-21 Grad 200  Soviet Union BM-21Ural-375D.jpg 122mm, 4 lost in the civil war.
BM-14 N/A Stalin line - BM-14.JPG 140mm.
BM-27 Uragan 36 9P140 Uragan.jpg 220mm. Spotted in November 2014 during the Syrian Civil War, most likely delivered by Russia, 1 lost in the civil war.[42] Also known as "Ra'ad"[43]
TOS-1 Thermobaric multiple rocket launcher 5 ТОС-1А Буратино на репетиции парада 4.5.2010.jpg 220mm, some TOS-1s were delivered by Russia in late 2015.[4]
BM-24 Multiple rocket launcher N/A BM-24M-5205.JPG 240mm.
BM-30 Smerch Multiple rocket launcher N/A 2011 Moscow Victory Day Parade (360-24).jpg 300mm. Presence confirmed by use of the 9M55K cluster munition used by the system.[44] Syria received several BM-30s in the midst the Syrian Civil War from either Belarus or more likely Russia, which delivered them in early 2014.[45]
Khaibar Multiple rocket launcher 100  China
 Syria
Khaibar.jpg 302mm
Fajr-3 Multiple rocket launcher N/A  Iran Fajr-3.jpg 240mm.
Fajr-5 Multiple rocket launcher N/A Fajr5.jpg 333mm.
Falaq-2 Multiple rocket launcher N/A Falaq-1 and Falaq-2 rockets.jpg 333mm.

Anti-air guns and systems[edit]

Towed anti-aircraft artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
ZPU Anti-aircraft gun 1,500+  Soviet Union ZPU-4-batey-haosef-1.jpg 14.5mm single, twin and quad mount. Also mounted on technicals.
ZU-23-2 Anti-aircraft gun 650+ ZU-23-2-on-truck-hatzerim-1.jpg 23 mm, 2 barrels.
M1939 Anti-aircraft gun 300+ 61-K anti-aircraft gun, 2007.jpg 37 mm.
S-60 Anti-aircraft gun 875 S-60-57mm-hatzerim-1.jpg 57 mm.
52-K/KS-12 Anti-aircraft gun 100+ 85 mm air defense gun KS 12-4646.JPG 85 mm.
KS-19 Anti-aircraft gun 100+ KS-19.jpg 100 mm.
61-K Anti-aircraft gun N/A Type 65 Twin 37 antiaircraft gun.jpg 37 mm, 2 barrels.

Towed air defence[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
S-75 Dvina (SA-2 S-75M Volga Version of the 1995 year) Strategic SAM system 320[46]  Soviet Union S-75.JPG
S-125 Neva/Pechora (SA-3 Pechora + Pechora-2M) 148[46] >30 2m[47] Newa NTW 9 93.jpg
S-200 (SA-5) 2 defense regiment comprising 2 divisions including 2 batteries S-200 (44 launchers) in service as of 2010[48] ZRK S-200V 2007 G1.jpg Command post S-300 can manage in any combination the elements of S-200 and S-300.[49][50][51]

Self-propelled air defence[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 400[1]  Soviet Union ZSU-23-4 Shilka 01.jpg 23 mm, often used in urban areas against rebel forces.
ZSU-57-2 "Sparka" 10[1] ZSU-57-2 Hun 2010 02.jpg Most in storage, some units were reactivated during the Syrian Civil War.[52]
2K12 Kub (SA-6) Self-propelled SAM system 195-200 (As of 2012)[46][53] Sa6 1.jpg
9K33 Osa (SA-8) 14-60,[1][54] 14 batteries (60 launchers – autonomous war machines)[55] Bulgarian SA-8.jpg Two were captured by Liwa al-Islam.
9K31 Strela-1 (SA-9) 20[1] Strieła-1 NTW 9 93.jpg
9K37 Buk (SA-11) 20[1] ZRK BUK M1 2005 G1.jpg
9K35 Strela-10 (SA-13) 30[1] 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 098.jpg
9K37M2E Buk-M2E (SA-17) Up to 40  Russia April 9th rehearsal in Alabino of 2014 Victory Day Parade (558-44).jpg Observed in use at Al-Mezzah.[56]
9M311-1M Tunguska (SA-19) Self-propelled air-defence system 6[57]  Soviet Union 2008 Moscow Victory Day Parade - 9K22 Tunguska.jpg
S-300 (S-300 SA-20A / SA-20B Surface-to-air missile system 24 S-300pm2[58]  Russia 2008 Moscow Victory Day Parade - S-300 TEL.jpg 49 pieces of equipment were delivered by Russia around October 7th 2018, not confirmed when they will get operational [59]
Pantsir-S1 (SA-22) Self-propelled SAM system 36–50[60]+10 In 2016, +1RL-123E Early detection radar, +command posts.[61] 2011 Moscow Victory Day Parade (358-23).jpg

Ballistic missiles[edit]

Tactical ballistic missiles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
FROG-7[62] Tactical ballistic missile ≈18 mobile launchers[63]  Soviet Union Luna m frog 7 hameenlinna 1.jpg Unknown number of missiles.
Scud-B/Hwasong-5[62] Tactical ballistic missile ≈42 mobile launchers[63]  Soviet Union
 North Korea
Scud-launcher-scotland1.jpg ≈200 missiles
OTR-21 Tochka/Hwasong-11[62] Tactical ballistic missile ≈12 mobile launchers[63]  Soviet Union
 North Korea
Точка-У.jpg ≈100 missiles.[63] Russia allegedly sent 50 additional Tochka missiles in February 2017 to Tartus.[64]
Hwasong-6[62] Tactical ballistic missile ≈160 missiles[63]  North Korea
 Syria
Hwasong 6.jpg
North Korean Scud C Version produced in Syria
Hwasong-9[62] Tactical ballistic missile ≈100 missiles[63]  North Korea
 Syria
SCUD 2.JPG North Korean Scud D Version produced in Syria.
Fateh-110[62] Tactical ballistic missile 900+ missiles[63]  Iran Fateh-110 Missile by YPA.IR 02.jpg Local designation M-600 or Tashreen.
Zelzal-2[65] Tactical ballistic missile N/A Fateh-110 fourth generation.jpg
Zelzal-3 Tactical ballistic missile N/A Zelzal 3 2012.jpg
Shahab-2 Tactical ballistic missile N/A Shahab 2 tehran 2012.jpg At least one used in February 2014 as seen in a video uploaded online.

Command posts[edit]

Higher level command posts (HLCPs)[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Senezh-M1E[66] General-purpose self-acting[67] HLCPs N/A[53][68]  Soviet Union Photography on the site developer As an option, with the use of HLCP, management of all types of air defense systems, the Air Force and all kinds of radar air defense forces. Effective radius of 1,600 km for 77 fired targets[69] May receive data order to send target indication for different systems.[70]

Unmanned aerial vehicles[edit]

Non-combat unmanned air vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
La-17RM Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Soviet Union Lavochkin La-17R at Khodynka Field.jpg Reconnaissance drone. Withdrawn from service.
Tu-143 Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A Tu-143 Reis.jpg Reconnaissance drone. Withdrawn from service.
Ababil Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Iran Ababil.png Medium-range reconnaissance/surveillance and short/medium-range attack drone.
Mohajer 4 Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A Mohajer-4 (10).jpg Reconnaissance drone. Used during the Syrian Civil War since late 2012.
Yasir Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A Yasir (1).jpg Reconnaissance drone. Used during the Syrian Civil War since late 2013.


References[edit]

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External links[edit]