Equipment of the United States Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Small Arms[edit]

Model Image Caliber Type Origin Details
Pistols
M9 M9-pistolet.jpg 9×19mm Pistol  Italy To be replaced by the Modular Handgun System[1][2]
M11 SIG-P228-p1030033.jpg 9×19mm Pistol   Switzerland To be replaced through the Modular Handgun System program.[1][2]
M1911 M1911A1.png .45 ACP Pistol  United States Limited service
Submachine Guns
MP5 Hkmp5count-terr-wiki.jpg 9×19mm Parabellum Submachine gun  Germany Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
Assault Rifles
M16 M16a2-final.png 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  United States Virtually universally phased out in favor of the M4.[3][4]
M4 M4 PEO Soldier.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO Carbine  United States Standard service rifle.[5][6]
M231 FPW M231 1.gif 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  United States Modified M16 for use in the firing ports of the M2 Bradley
HK416 HK416.jpg 5.56×45mm NATO Assault rifle  Germany Used by Joint Special Operations Command
Shotguns
500 MILLS PEO Mossberg 590A1.jpg 12-gauge Shotgun  United States
M1014 Benelli m4 2.jpg 12-gauge Shotgun  Italy
M26 MASS PEO M26 MASS Stand-alone.jpg 12-gauge Shotgun  United States
M870 Flickr - ~Steve Z~ - 870.jpg 12 gauge Shotgun  United States
Machine Guns
M249 PEO M249 Para ACOG.jpg 5.56×45mm Light machine gun  United States Belt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines[7][8]
M240 PEO M240B Profile.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO General purpose machine gun  United States Belt-fed[9][10]
Browning M2HB Machine gun M2 1.jpg .50 BMG Heavy machine gun  United States Mounted on vehicles or tripods.[11]
DMRs and Sniper Rifles
M14 M14 afmil.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle  United States
SDM-R 5.56×45mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle  United States Heavily modified M16-series semi-automatic rifle intended to provide increased accuracy at longer ranges
M110 M110 ECP Left.jpg 7.62×51mm NATO Sniper rifle  United States To be replaced by a version of the Heckler & Koch G28.[12]
M2010 XM2010 November 2010.jpg .300 Winchester Magnum Sniper rifle  United States
M107 M107 1.jpg .50 BMG Anti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle  United States
Mk 20 SSR 7.62×51mm Sniper rifle  Belgium

 United States

Grenade-Based Weapons
Mk 19 MK19-02.jpg 40mm Automatic grenade launcher  United States Belt-fed.[13][14]
M203 M203 1.jpg 40mm Grenade launcher  United States Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher[15][16]
M320 PEO M320 Grenade Launcher.jpg 40mm Grenade launcher  Germany Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher
M67 M67b.jpg Fragmentation grenade  United States
M18 M18 Grenade.svg Smoke grenade  United States
M84 M84 stun grenade.gif Flashbang  United States
Portable Anti-Materiel Weapons
AT4 AT-4Launcher.jpeg 84mm Anti-tank weapon  Sweden
M141 83.5mm Anti-fortification  United States Single-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW
M72 LAW 66 kertasinko 75.JPG 66mm Anti-tank weapon  United States
M3 MAAWS[17] Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg 84x246mm R Anti-tank recoilless rifle  Sweden
BGM-71 TOW Hires 090509-A-4842R-001a.jpg Guided anti-tank missile  United States
FGM-148 Javelin FGM-148 Javelin - ID DM-SD-04-07567.JPEG Fire-and-forget anti-tank missile  United States
FIM-92 Stinger Stinger (dummy) and case.png Anti-aircraft missile  United States

Artillery[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Numbers Details
Mortars
M224[18][19] Soldier firing M224 60mm mortar.jpg 60 mm  United States Unknown
M252[20][21] M252 mortar usmc.jpg 81 mm  United Kingdom Unknown
M120[22][23] GIs in Konar Province -b.jpg 120 mm  Israel Unknown
Howitzers
M109 Bae PIM upgrade.jpg 155 mm self-propelled howitzer  United States 950[24] [25]
M198 U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf War (1991) 001.jpg 155 mm  United States 327 [citation needed]
M777 M777 howitzer rear.jpg 155 mm gun-howitzer  United Kingdom ~403[26]
M119 US M119 Howitzer.jpg 105 mm howitzer  United Kingdom 392[citation needed]
Rocket Artillery
M270 MLRS 05.jpg  United States 857[27] Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher
M142[28] HIMARS - missile launched.jpg  United States 340[citation needed] M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame
Air Defense
C-RAM C-RAM 3.JPG  United States Unknown Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS
AN/TWQ-1 Avenger Avenger missile.jpg  United States ~800[29] Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV
MIM-104 Patriot System 2.jpg  United States 1,100[30] Mobile, long-range(by US standards) surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability

Vehicles[edit]

Name Image Origin Quantity Notes
MWV
HMMWV Humvee in difficult terrain.jpg  United States 160,000 (all services)[31][32] Around 40% of those remaining in service are armored. The HMMWV is to be replaced by the JLTV
Light Strike Vehicle Fast-Attack-Vehicle-1.jpg  United States Unknown
Oshkosh L-ATV JLTV Spec table.jpg  United States 53,582 (procurement objective) Will part-replace the Humvee. Oshkosh Defense was awarded JLTV contract on 25 August 2015 for up to 16,901 JLTVs. Procurement objective is 53,582, 49,099 for the U.S. Army and 4,483 for the U.S. Marine Corps.[33]
RSOV Land Rover, licence registration '-17.JPG  United Kingdom 60 (delivered)
Trucks
M939 Truck
US Marine Corps 030224-M-XT622-034 USMC M923 (6X6) 5-ton cargo truck heads a convoy departing Camp Matilda, Kuwait crop.jpg
 United States 25,000[34] Intention is to replace with the Oshkosh FMTV. Figures include National Guard and Air Force
FMTV  United States 108,800 (delivered; FMTV trucks and companion trailers) Oshkosh Defense - >23,400 trucks/>11,400 trailers (current manufacturer). 74,000 trucks and trailers by legacy manufacturers. Figures include National Guard and Air Force[34]
HEMTT
HEMTT M977A4 Cargo with A-kit cab.jpg
 United States >27,000 (new build and remanufactured)[35] Figures include National Guard and Air Force
Oshkosh HET
Army.mil-61286-2010-01-12-100156.jpg
 United States 4,079 (delivered; not all remain in service)[36] 2,488 M1070A0 tractors and >2,600 M1000 trailers delivered of which at least 1,009 tractors and >1000 trailers have been Reset. 1,591 M1070A1 delivered. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.
Armoured Vehicles
M1 Abrams
Abrams-transparent.png
 United States 2,831 active service[37] Main battle tank, 3,500 M1 in storage[38] Total 6331
M1120 Series
Stryker ICV front q.jpg
 United States 4,466[39] Armored personnel carrier
M113
M1059-Ft-Irwin-19970319.jpg
 United States 1,568 active duty[citation needed] Armored personnel carrier
M1117
Fort Irwin National Training Center - M-1117.jpg
 United States 2,777[40] Armored car
M2 Bradley
1BFV01.jpg
 United States 1,834 active service[41] Infantry fighting vehicle
M3 Bradley
Two M-3 Bradleys.jpg
 United States 224[42] Reconnaissance vehicle
M88 Hercules
M88 Track Recovery Vehicle.jpg
 United States 748[43] Armored recovery vehicle
M9
M9ace2.jpg
 United States ~490[44] Combat engineering vehicle
MRAPs
M-ATV USMC-110515-M-2678M-012.jpg  United States 8,722 (delivered; all services) Around 7,000 M-ATV are being retained, 5,651 of these (inc. 250 for SOCOM) by the Army. Oshkosh currently has a Reset contract in place[45]
Caiman MRAP04.jpg  United States 2,868 (delivered)[46] No Caiman are being retained by the U.S. Army post-Afghanistan/Iraq. Caiman is based on a FMTV chassis. FMTV is now manufactured by Oshkosh[34]
Couger H
Couger HE
Mine resistant ambush protected vehicles.jpg  United States 4,400 (est.)[47] Post-Afghanistan/Iraq the U.S. Army is not retaining any Cougar MRAPs[47]
International MaxxPro International MaxxPro.jpg  United States 8,780 (all services)[47] Army to retain 2,934 MaxxPro post-Afghanistan/Iraq.
RG-31 RG-31.JPG  South Africa 2,300 (est.) (all services)[47] 1,679 under MRAP procurement and 570 ONS Army; at least 894 Mk5E are required for conversion into MMPV Type II by the Army[47]
RG-33
RG-33L
Defense.gov photo essay 070824-N-2855B-120.jpg  South Africa 2,386 (all services)[47] 712 will be retained by the Army as MMPV Type 1[47]
Buffalo Buffalo mine-protected vehicle.jpg  United States 750[48]

Vehicle-mounted weapons[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.[51]

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Version Quantity Note
Fixed-wing Aircraft
C-12 Huron C-12 Huron.png  USA Cargo/Transport C-12C
C-12D
C-12F
17
14
17
Gulfstream C-20 USAF C-20.JPG  USA Cargo/Transport C-20C 4
C-26 Metroliner Metroliner C-26.jpg  USA Cargo/Transport C-26E 11
C-31 Troopship US Army Fokker C-31A Troopship Asuspine.jpg  Netherlands Cargo/Transport C-31A 2
Gulfstream C-37 And-c-37a-89aw.jpg  USA Cargo/Transport C-37A
C-37B
2
1
EO-5 Arl-dash7-N158CL-010515-01.jpg  Canada Reconnaissance EO-5C 5[52] Previously designated as RC-7B
RC-12 Huron Beechcraft RC-12N Huron in flight.jpg  USA Reconnaissance RC-12D
RC-12H
RC-12K
12
6
18
Cessna UC-35 Cessna uc-35a citation 560 ultra v arp.jpg  USA Utility aircraft UC-35A
UC-35B
20
7
Helicopters
AH-6 Little Bird MH-6 Little Bird.jpg  USA Attack helicopter MH/AH-6M 47
AH-64 Apache AH-64D Apache Longbow.jpg  USA Attack helicopter AH-64D
AH-64E
756
CH-47 Chinook CH-47 2.jpg  USA Cargo helicopter CH-47D
CH-47F
394
48
EH-60 Black Hawk UH-60A Black Hawk.jpg  USA Electronic-warfare helicopter EH-60A 64
MH-47 Chinook 07-3774 PAE (17300527729).jpg  USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-47G 27
MH-60 Black Hawk MH-60K Black Hawk.jpg  USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-60K
MH-60L
23
35
OH-58 Kiowa OH-58D 2.jpg  USA Observation helicopter OH-58A
OH-58C
OH-58D
OH-58F
60[53] Two squadrons remain as of April 2016
TH-67 Creek TH-67A Creek.jpg  USA
 Canada
Trainer helicopter TH-67 180
UH-60 Black Hawk Blackhawk.jpg  USA Utility helicopter UH-60A
UH-60L
UH-60M
751
592
100[54][55]




1227 planned
UH-72 Lakota UH-72 Lakota2.jpg  USA
 Europe
Utility helicopter UH-72A 250 345 planned[56]
STOL
DHC-6 Twin Otter Golden Knights UV-18A.png  Canada Utility STOL aircraft UV-18A 6

Notes

Vessels[edit]

The Army still operates several vessels.[57]

Name Image Type Versions Quantity
Watercraft
General Frank S. Besson Class LSV-7 SSGT Robert T Kuroda.jpg Logistics Support Vessel 2 8
Stalwart Class USAS Worthy KMRSS.jpg Ocean Surveillance Ship 1
Runnymede Class LCU2000 class landing craft.JPG Landing Craft Utility 35
MGen. Nathanael Greene Class USAV Major General Henry Knox.JPG Large Tug 6

Attire[edit]

Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Army Combat Uniform (ACU) Universal Camouflage Pattern
or
MultiCam
ACU Universal Camouflage Pattern.jpg

Multicam pattern.jpg

Operational Camouflage Pattern 2015 (cropped).jpg
Army Combat Uniform.jpg Future Force Warrior 2007.jpg The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.

Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern.[58]

Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU) Universal Camouflage Pattern ACU Universal Camouflage Pattern.jpg

Operational Camouflage Pattern 2015 (cropped).jpg
Army Aircrew Combat Uniform.jpg A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform
Physical Fitness Uniform APFT-JH-12-19.jpg

The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As".The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009, it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.

Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest , which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.

Field equipment[edit]

Modular sleep system[edit]

A Modular Sleep System in use

The Modular Sleep System (MSS) is a sleeping bag kit used by the United States Army. It consists of a camouflaged, waterproof, breathable bivy cover, a lightweight patrol sleeping bag, and an intermediate cold-weather sleeping bag. Compression sacks are included to store and carry the system. The MSS is available in a variety of camouflage patterns. The patrol bag provides weather protection from 35 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The intermediate bag provides cold weather protection from minus 5 to 35 degrees Fahrenheit. Combining the patrol bag and intermediate bags provides extreme cold weather protection in temperatures as low as minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit. The bivy cover can be used with each of three MSS configurations (patrol, intermediate, or combined) to provide environmental protection from wind and water. The sleeping bags are made of ripstop nylon fabrics and continuous-filament polyester insulation; the camouflage bivy cover is made with waterproof, breathable, coated or laminated nylon fabric; the compression sacks are made with water-resistant and durable nylon fabrics.[59]

This section incorporates work from https://peosoldier.army.mil/newpeo/Equipment/Temp.asp?id=CIE_SS, which is in the public domain as it is a work of the United States Military.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  2. ^ a b John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  3. ^ M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  4. ^ John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  5. ^ M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  6. ^ John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  7. ^ M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  8. ^ John Pike. "M249 Squad Automatic Weapon". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  9. ^ M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  10. ^ John Pike. "M240 7.62mm Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  11. ^ John Pike (24 February 2011). "M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  12. ^ Jahner, Kyle (8 April 2016). "H&K confirms: This is the Army's new and improved sniper rifle". Army Times. Retrieved 9 June 2016. The gun will replace the M110 made by Knight's Armament as a culmination of the Army's desire for a shorter, lighter rifle that didn't sacrifice accuracy or performance. 
  13. ^ Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  14. ^ John Pike (13 January 2011). "Mk 19 Grenade Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  15. ^ M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  16. ^ John Pike. "M203 40mm Grenade Launcher". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  17. ^ Carl Gustaf Selected as Standard Equipment for US Army Light Infantry Units - Deagel.com, 20 February 2014
  18. ^ M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  19. ^ John Pike (27 November 2005). "M224 60 mm Lightweight Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  20. ^ M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  21. ^ John Pike. "M252 81 mm Medium Extended Range Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  22. ^ M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  23. ^ John Pike. "M120 120 mm Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  24. ^ "M109A6 Paladin". Military Today. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  25. ^ "Self-propelled howitzer M109A7 and M992A3 carrier ammunition enter in service with U.S. Army". May 20, 2014. 
  26. ^ "M777 155mm Ultralightweight Field Howitzer, United Kingdom". army-technology.com. Retrieved 28 April 2015. [unreliable source?]
  27. ^ "Multiple Launch Rocket System M270". Lockheed Martin. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  28. ^ "Saint-Gobain Crystals delivers transparent armor for M142 HIMARS windshields and door windows.". November 8, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Avenger Low Level Air Defence System, United States of America". army-technology.com. Retrieved 14 August 2015. [unreliable source?]
  30. ^ "MIM-104 Patriot - History, Specs and Pictures - Military Armor". Retrieved 2015-08-24. 
  31. ^ "AM General High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) (Dec)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 
  32. ^ "AM General Secures Six-Year, $428.3 Million Contact To Provide The Army With M997A3 HMMWV Configured Ambulances". AM General. Retrieved 2015-12-03. 
  33. ^ "Lockheed Martin Protests JLTV contract award to Oshkosh". 8 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  34. ^ a b c "Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) (Nov)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 2015-10-30. 
  35. ^ "Oshkosh M977 heavy expanded mobility tactical truck (HEMTT) and M989A1 heavy expanded mobility ammunition trailer (HEMAT)". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 2015-06-14. Retrieved 2015-06-14. 
  36. ^ "Oshkosh M1070 and M1070A1 (8 × 8) Heavy Equipment Transporters (HETs) and M1000 semi-trailer". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 2015-08-27. Retrieved 2015-09-22. 
  37. ^ The Military Balance 2016 p.40-43
  38. ^ The Military Balance 2016 p.40-43
  39. ^ "Iraq Seeks Up to 30 General Dynamics Stryker Vehicles". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30. 
  40. ^ "M1117 Armoured Security Vehicle - Army Technology". www.army-technology.com. Retrieved 2015-08-24. [unreliable source?]
  41. ^ "M2A3 and M3A3 Bradley Fighting Vehicle Systems (BFVS)". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  42. ^ Alex, Dan (24 February 2014). "M3 Bradley Cavalry Fighting Vehicle (CFV) / Armored Reconnaissance Scout (1983)". Military Factory. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  43. ^ "M88A2 HERCULES Armoured Recovery Vehicle - Army Technology". www.army-technology.com. Retrieved 2015-08-24. [unreliable source?]
  44. ^ "The US M9 Armored Combat Earthmover aka M9 ACE". Retrieved 2015-08-24. 
  45. ^ "U.S. Army Awards Additional M-ATV Reset Contract to Oshkosh Defense". 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  46. ^ "The BAE Caiman MRAP Family - TankNutDave". Retrieved 2015-08-24. 
  47. ^ a b c d e f g "Retasking MRAP: Life after Afghanistan". Jane's International Defence Review. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  48. ^ "Buffalo MRAP". www.tanks-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2015-08-24. 
  49. ^ John Pike. "M230 Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  50. ^ John Pike (25 January 2006). "M242 Bushmaster 25 mm Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  51. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. <http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/sourcebook/content.jsp?channelName=pro&story=xml/sourcebook_xml/2009/01/26/AW_01_26_2009_p0240-112924-158.xml&headline=World%20Military%20Aircraft%20Inventory%20-%20United+States>.
  52. ^ WebCite query result
  53. ^ Brooks, Drew (12 April 2016). "Army's Kiowa helicopters to fly in last formation". The Fayetteville Observer. Retrieved 2 June 2016. Nearly three years after defense officials first proposed eliminating the small aircraft from the Army's aviation, all but two squadrons - each flying 30 helicopters - have bid adieu to the Kiowa. 
  54. ^ "Sikorsky Aircraft Delivers 100th New Production UH-60M BLACK HAWK Helicopter to U.S". Reuters. 25 March 2009. 
  55. ^ "Sikorsky to deliver 102 new tactical multirole helicopters to US armed forces". November 19, 2014. 
  56. ^ "News – Feature story – The UH-72A "comes home" to its new Army assignment in Mississippi". UH-72A. Retrieved 13 June 2011. 
  57. ^ hazegray.org – World Navies Today: US Army
  58. ^ Lopez, C. (20 February 2010). "Soldiers to get new cammo pattern for wear in Afghanistan". US Army. US Army. Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  59. ^ US Army (13 August 2011). "Sleep Systems". PEO Soldier. Archived from [Sleep Systems the original] Check |url= value (help) on |archive-url= requires |archive-date= (help).